Sedimentary Carbonate Minerals

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9783642654763
  • Publisher: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
  • Publication date: 11/11/2011
  • Series: Minerals, Rocks and Mountains Series, #6
  • Edition description: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1973
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 229
  • Product dimensions: 6.14 (w) x 9.21 (h) x 0.51 (d)

Table of Contents

A. Introduction: The Rôle of Mineralogy in the Petrology of Sedimentary Carbonates.- B. Crystal Chemistry of Sedimentary Carbonate Minerals.- I. Calcite-Type Minerals (Rhombohedral Carbonates).- 1. Calcite and Isotypic Minerals.- a) Calcite.- b) Isotypes of Calcite.- 2. Superstructures Based on Calcite Pattern.- a) Regular Interstratifications.-—) Dolomite.-—) Norsethite.- b) Superstructures with Order in the Individual Cation Layer.- 3. Disordered Calcite-Type Structures.- a) Magnesian Calcites.- b) Calcium-Rich (Calcian) Dolomites.- 4. Iron-Bearing Rhombohedral Carbonates.- a) Siderites.- b) Iron-Bearing Dolomites or Ankerites.- II. Aragonite.- III. Miscellaneous Carbonates.- 1. Vaterite.- 2. Hydrous Carbonates and the Magnesite Problem.- a) Hydrous Magnesium Carbonates.- b) Cation Hydration and the Dehydration Barrier.- c) Hydrated Calcium Carbonates.- 3. Alkali-Bearing Carbonates.- C. The Polymorphism Calcite-Aragonite.- I. Stable Relationships.- Calcite and Aragonite-Type Structures in Systems Other than CaCO3.- II. The Metastable Occurrence of Aragonite in Aqueous Solutions at Normal Pressure.- 1. In the Absence of Bivalent Cations Other than Ca2+.- 2. The Influence of Bivalent Cations Other than Ca2+.- a) Large Cations, Notably Strontium.- b) Small Cations, Notably Magnesium.- 3. Interpretation of Different Growth Forms of Aragonite Oöids.- 4. The Formation of Calcite and Aragonite in Organisms.- 5. The Persistence and Transformation of Aragonite.- D. The System CaCO3 — MgCO3.- I. The Dolomite Question.- II. Phase Relations in the Dry System.- III. Systems Involving Aqueous Solutions.- 1. Hydrothermal Syntheses of Dolomite.- 2. Arguments Against the Hydrothermal Origin of Many Dolomite Formations.- 3. The Solubility of Dolomite at 25° C.- 4. Magnesian Calcites in Aqueous Systems.- 5. “Dedolomitization”.- 6. Huntite.- IV. The Aqueous Synthesis of Norsethite, BaMg(CO3)2, a Model for Low-Temperature Dolomite Formation.- 1. General Statement.- 2. Experimental Norsethite Formation.- 3. The Mechanism of Norsethitization.- 4. Conclusions Regarding the Low-Temperature Formation of Dolomite.- E. Petrological Summary: Reaction Series Leading from Carbonate Sediments to Carbonate Rocks.- I. The Formation of Fresh-Water Limestones.- II. The Evolution of Marine Limestones.- III. Dolomitization.- References.

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