Seeds and Sovereignty: Debate Over the Use and Control of Plant Genetic Resources [NOOK Book]

Overview

Seeds for economically important crops are big business indeed. As large seed companies continue to improve their product in various ways, they make use of the original gene pools of these plants, often located in tropical and subtropical areas of the world. With increasing recognition that plant germplasm is an important raw material, highly charged international disputes have developed over the exchange and use of this material, adding another point of contention between poor nations and the manufacturing ...
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Seeds and Sovereignty: Debate Over the Use and Control of Plant Genetic Resources

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Overview

Seeds for economically important crops are big business indeed. As large seed companies continue to improve their product in various ways, they make use of the original gene pools of these plants, often located in tropical and subtropical areas of the world. With increasing recognition that plant germplasm is an important raw material, highly charged international disputes have developed over the exchange and use of this material, adding another point of contention between poor nations and the manufacturing wealthier ones. Twenty experts from several nations, representing both the natural and social sciences, consider the historical background, the issue of patent rights as applied to plant germplasm, the nature of global genetic interdependence, the internationalization of the seed industry, the implications of biotechnology on genetic resources, the Third World attitude toward the debate, and the viewpoints of the International Agricultural Research Centers.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780822399735
  • Publisher: Duke University Press
  • Publication date: 8/1/2012
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Pages: 368
  • File size: 862 KB

Table of Contents


Abbreviations viii
PREFACE
Plant Genetic Resources: The Common Bowl/Jack R.
Kloppenburg, Jr. and Daniel Lee Kleinman I
INTRODUCTION
I. Genetic Resources: Evolutionary and Social
Responsibilities/ Otto H. Frankel 19
II HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVES AND THE CONTEMPORARY CONTEXT
2. Plant Science and Colonial Expansion: The Botanical
Chess Game/Lucile H. Brockway 49
3. Plant Genetic Resources Over Ten Thousand Years: From
a Handful of Seed to the Crop-Specific Mega-Genebanks/
H. Garrison Wilkes 67
4. Draining the Gene Pool: The Causes, Course, and
Consequences of Genetic Erosion/Norman Myers 90
5. The Contribution of Exotic Germplasm to American
Agriculture/Thomas S. Cox, J. Paul Murphy, and
Major M. Goodman 114
6. New Technologies and the Enhancement of Plant
Germplasm Diversity/ Thomas J. Orton 145
III GERMPLASM AND GEOPOLITICS
7. Seeds of Controversy: National Property Versus Common
Heritage /ack R. Kloppenburg, Jr., and Daniel Lee
Kleinman 173
8. Institutional Responsibility of the National Plant
Germplasm System/ Charles F Murphy 204
9. Plant Genetic Resources: A View from the Seed Industry/
William L. Brown 218
o1. Seeds and Property Rights: A View from the CGIAR System/
M. S. Swaminathan 231
II. Equalizing the Flow: Institutional Restructuring of
Germplasm Exchange/Robert Grossmann 255
12. Crop Germplasm: Common Heritage or Farmers'
Heritage? /David Wood 274
IV RESTRUCTURING THE GERMPLASM SYSTEM
13. Property Rights and the Protection of Plant Genetic
Resources /Roger A. Sedjo 293
14. Molecular Biology and the Protection of Germplasm:
A Matter of National Security/Daniel J. Goldstein 315
15. Diversity Compensation Systems: Ways to Compensate
Developing Nations for Providing Genetic Materials/
John H. Barton and Eric Christensen 338
16. Seeds and Sovereignty: An Epilogue/lack R. Harlan 356

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