Seeing Ourselves: Exploring Race, Ethnicity, and Culture / Edition 4

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More About This Textbook


Completely updated and reorganized, this new edition of Seeing Ourselves uses a collection of personal comments and essays, written by students from a wide variety of ethnic backgrounds, to examine what it means to participate in the cultural and ethnic "mosaic" that comprises Canada today.

Carl E. James creates a dialogue with readers to probe the meaning of ethnicity, race, and culture, exploring how these concepts are understood both by individuals and in Canadian society as a whole. He explores how local, national, and international events of the past decade have brought questions about immigration, citizenship, and multiculturalism to the forefront, informing attitudes and influencing policies.

The varied perspectives, detailed analyses, and careful reflections presented in Seeing Ourselves will be invaluable to anyone seeking to understand the meaning, implications, and complexity of ethnic diversity in Canadian society.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781550771718
  • Publisher: Thompson Educational Publishing
  • Publication date: 3/25/2010
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 4
  • Pages: 300
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 0.60 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface vii

Organization of the Book ix

Acknowledgements xii

Chapter 1 Introduction 1

Issues and Concerns Pertaining to Race, Ethnicity, and Culture 4

Seeing Ourselves 13

Using a Cultural Analysis Framework 17

Telling Stories 19

Chapter 2 Conceptualizing Culture 22

Conceptualizing Culture 24

Stratification, Cultural Hegemony, and Ethno-Racial Diversity 29

Cultural Diversity: Differences and Variations Among Ethno-Racial Groups 34

Culture Is Always Changing 38

Rethinking "Mainstream" 41

Conclusion 42

Chapter 3 Constructing Cultural Identity 46

Race and the Social Construction of Identity 49

Constructing White Racial Identity 55

The Significance of Race in the Social Identification of Racialized Individuals 59

Ethnicity as Part of Cultural Identity 61

Mixed Race? Biracial? Half-Breed? Or Simply Canadian? 67

Being Canadian 78

Hyphenated Canadians 85

Conclusion 88

Chapter 4 Grappling with Familial and Social Influences on Identity 92

Factors That Influence Human Behaviour 93

Growing Up: The Role of Family and Community 95

About School: The Role of the Education System 102

Fitting In: Coping with Difference 113

Conclusion 128

Chapter 5 Examining the Limits of Multiculturalism 131

Disquiet in the Diverse Populations of Europe: A Reference 132

Canada's Policy of Multiculturalism: Interpretations and Practices 136

Accommodating "Difference": Adjudicating What Can (and Is To) Be Accepted 141|3 The Bouchard-Taylor Commission 141|3 Religious Accommodation: The Bellwether of Cultural Acceptance 143

"Are You Canadian?": Negotiating "Difference" in Multicultural Canada 151

On the Future of "Official" Multiculturalism in Canada 156

The Challenges Ahead 161

Conclusion 163

Chapter 6 Assessing the Merits of Immigration 169

Canadian Immigration: An Overview 170

Historical Overview of Canadian Immigration 173

Immigration Today 178

Perceptions of Immigrants and Their Impact on Society 181

Immigrants, Employment, and Social Service 182

When in Rome: Language, Customs, and Expectations 185

Ethnic Enclaves: Choice, Segregation, Cultural Design, or Social Mobility? 189

The Question of Citizenship, Protests, and Dual Relations 192

The Geography of Immigration 195

Facing the Challenges and Weighing the Possibilities for Successful Life 196

Resourceful Resources: Canada Needs Immigrants 201

Conclusion 207

Chapter 7 Racism, Identification, and Equity 211

Mechanisms That Support Ideologies of Inequity and Social Differentiation 212

Racisms 219

Discrimination and Stereotyping 225

Life with Racism, Other Mechanisms of Differentiation, and Discrimination 233

Equity Programs and Questions about Qualification and Fair Treatment 242

The Myth of Reverse Racism 243

Equity: Recognizing and Valuing Difference 246

Fairness and Qualification 247

The Paradox of Equity Programs 251

Toward Equity That Makes Opportunities Possible for All 254

Conclusion 255

Chapter 8 Identity, Privilege, and Difference 259

Conclusion 269

References 272

Glossary 284

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