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Chapter 1: Lifesaving Skills:
-Choking: The person can't get air
-Shock: Irregular pulse and breathing, cold skin. The person may be unconscious.
WHAT TO DO The American Red Cross suggests 3 basic steps for any emergency:
CHECK the scene and the person
Check the scene for things that could be a danger to the person or to you - fire, flood, traffic, spilled chemicals, or other threats. Don't be a dead hero. If danger is extreme, wait for professionals - police, firefighters, paramedics - to deal with it. Check the person. Try to find out what's wrong. Is it a life-threatening emergency? Don't move a badly injured person unless he or she is about to be hurt even worse by something on the scene. In that case, move the person and yourself out of the way before starting treatment. Call for help. Shout if you're alone with the person. If the person isn't breathing or has no heartbeat, phone 911 or send someone to do it. Don't start emergency treatment until you have called 911. Call on bystanders. See if anyone nearby has had more first-aid or CPR training than you have. Ask them to help. Care for the person. Treat the most serious problem first. Look for a medical alert tag on the person. If you find one, do what it says. Care for yourself. Protect yourself from a stranger's blood and other bodily fluids. Wear gloves if you have them. Put cloth or plastic between the person's body fluids and yourself, especially if you have open cuts or scrapes. While giving care, don't touch your mouth, nose, or eyes, or eat or drink anything. Wash your hands, or use alcohol wipes, right after giving first aid.