Semantics, Culture, and Cognition: Universal Human Concepts in Culture-Specific Configurations / Edition 1

Semantics, Culture, and Cognition: Universal Human Concepts in Culture-Specific Configurations / Edition 1

by Anna Wierzbicka
     
 

ISBN-10: 0195073266

ISBN-13: 9780195073263

Pub. Date: 10/28/1992

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

Not everything that can be said in one language can be said in another. The lexicons of different languages seem to suggest different conceptual universes. Investigating cultures from a universal, language-independent perspective, this book rejects analytical tools derived from the English language and Anglo culture and proposes instead a "natural semantic

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Overview

Not everything that can be said in one language can be said in another. The lexicons of different languages seem to suggest different conceptual universes. Investigating cultures from a universal, language-independent perspective, this book rejects analytical tools derived from the English language and Anglo culture and proposes instead a "natural semantic metalanguage" formulated in English words but based on lexical universals. The outcome of two and a half decades of research, the metalanguage is made up of universal semantic primitives in terms of which all meanings—including the most culture-specific ones—can be described and compared in a precise and illuminating way. Integrating insights from linguistics, cultural anthropology, and cognitive psychology, and written in simple, non-technical language, Semantics, Culture, and Cognition is accessible not only to scholars and students, but also to the general reader interested in semantics and the relationship between language and culture.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780195073263
Publisher:
Oxford University Press, USA
Publication date:
10/28/1992
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
496
Product dimensions:
6.13(w) x 9.19(h) x 1.26(d)

Table of Contents

Introduction3
ILinguistic Evidence for Ethnopsychology and Ethnophilosophy
1Soul, Mind, and Heart31
2Fate and Destiny65
IIEmotions Across Cultures
3Are Emotions Universal or Culture-Specific?119
4Describing the Indescribable135
IIIMoral Concepts Across Cultures
5Apatheia, Smirenie, Humility183
6Courage, Bravery, Recklessness201
IVNames and Titles
7Personal Names and Expressive Derivation225
8Titles and Other Forms of Address309
VKinship Semantics
9Lexical Universals and Psychological Reality329
10'Alternate Generations' in Australian Aboriginal Languages355
VILanguage as a Mirror of Culture and 'National Character'
11Australian English373
12The Russian Language395
Postscript443
Notes445
References453
Index475

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