Semantics, Culture, and Cognition: Universal Human Concepts in Culture-Specific Configurations / Edition 1

Semantics, Culture, and Cognition: Universal Human Concepts in Culture-Specific Configurations / Edition 1

by Anna Wierzbicka
     
 

ISBN-10: 0195073266

ISBN-13: 9780195073263

Pub. Date: 10/28/1992

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

Not everything that can be said in one language can be said in another. The lexicons of different languages seem to suggest different conceptual universes. Investigating cultures from a universal, language-independent perspective, this book rejects analytical tools derived from the English language and Anglo culture and proposes instead a "natural semantic

Overview

Not everything that can be said in one language can be said in another. The lexicons of different languages seem to suggest different conceptual universes. Investigating cultures from a universal, language-independent perspective, this book rejects analytical tools derived from the English language and Anglo culture and proposes instead a "natural semantic metalanguage" formulated in English words but based on lexical universals. The outcome of two and a half decades of research, the metalanguage is made up of universal semantic primitives in terms of which all meanings—including the most culture-specific ones—can be described and compared in a precise and illuminating way. Integrating insights from linguistics, cultural anthropology, and cognitive psychology, and written in simple, non-technical language, Semantics, Culture, and Cognition is accessible not only to scholars and students, but also to the general reader interested in semantics and the relationship between language and culture.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780195073263
Publisher:
Oxford University Press, USA
Publication date:
10/28/1992
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
496
Product dimensions:
6.13(w) x 9.19(h) x 1.26(d)

Table of Contents

Introduction 3(28)
I LINGUISTIC EVIDENCE FOR ETHNOPSYCHOLOGY AND ETHNOPHILOSOPHY
Soul, Mind, and Heart
31(34)
Fate and Destiny
65(54)
II EMOTIONS ACROSS CULTURES
Are Emotions Universal or Culture-Specific?
119(16)
Describing the Indescribable
135(48)
III MORAL CONCEPTS ACROSS CULTURES
Apatheia, Smirenie, Humility
183(18)
Courage, Bravery, Recklessness
201(24)
IV NAMES AND TITLES
Personal Names and Expressive Derivation
225(84)
Titles and Other Forms of Address
309(20)
V KINSHIP SEMANTICS
Lexical Universals and Psychological Reality
329(26)
'Alternate Generations' in Australian Aboriginal Languages
355(18)
VI LANGUAGE AS A MIRROR OF CULTURE AND 'NATIONAL CHARACTER'
Australian English
373(22)
The Russian Language
395(48)
Postscript 443(2)
Notes 445(8)
References 453(22)
Index 475

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