A Sense Of Siege / Edition 1

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“The clash of civilizations” has become a common phrase in discussions of U.S.–Middle East relations. This book explores the nature of the friction between the Muslim world and Western states, looking at legitimate perceptions and grievances on both sides involving historical, political, economic, cultural, psychological, and strategic elements.Arguing that “Islam versus the West” does not represent the arena of the next global ideological struggle, the authors examine specific issues of a bilateral nature that require careful handling to prevent the consolidation of states into opposing blocs. They discuss Islam’s efforts to politically enhance the real power of Muslim states and to equalize relations with the West in the strategic arena; the enlarged role of Islam in the internal politics of Muslim countries; and the urgency of political, economic, and social change to break away from traditional authoritarian orders. A central theme of the book is that political Islam threatens the established order in most Muslim countries far more than it threatens the West and that violent confrontation can best be circumvented by integrating Islamist forces into the political process.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780813321493
  • Publisher: Westview Press
  • Publication date: 1/1/1995
  • Series: Rand Studies Series
  • Edition description: REV
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 208
  • Lexile: 1600L (what's this?)
  • Product dimensions: 0.48 (w) x 6.00 (h) x 9.00 (d)

Meet the Author

Graham E. Fuller is a senior political scientist at RAND. Ian O. Lesser is a member of the International Policy Department at RAND.
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Table of Contents

1 Introduction 1
2 Western Historical Perceptions of Islam and Their Geopolitical Legacy 13
Europe and Asia 14
Islam and the Loss of Mediterranean Unity 15
Islam in Europe and Insecure Borderlands 16
The First Cold War 18
The Legacy of Colonialism 19
Recent Images: Suez, Oil, and the Iranian Revolution 21
3 The Muslim Historical and Psychological Perception of the West 27
Islam as a Christian Heresy 29
The Shrinking of Islamic Empire 33
The Era of Imperialism 34
The Export of Western Values 37
The Loss of Leadership of the Islamic World 38
The Establishment of Israel 39
Western Intervention 41
Islamic Weakness 43
The Dilemma of Modernization 44
4 Contemporary Dilemmas Posed to the West by the Islamic World 47
Islam, Democracy, and Human Rights 47
Migration and Social Cohesion 50
Nationalism and Ethnic Conflict 53
North-South Relations: To Have and Have Not 56
Islamic Instability as a Threat to World Order 60
The Islamic Factor in European Security 63
Proliferation and the North-South Military Balance 64
5 Contemporary Dilemmas Posed to the Islamic World by the West 81
Political Pressures 81
Economic Frictions 82
Islamic Communities Abroad 88
6 The Religious Dimension 99
The Theological Problem 101
7 Solidarity and Coexistence 109
Islamic Solidarity - How Likely? 109
Factors Working Against Muslim Solidarity 113
Dealing with the Islamist Challenge 119
Islam as a Catalyst for Have-Not States 124
Potential Islamist Policies Toward the West 130
8 The Geopolitical Dimension 137
Areas of Confrontation 137
The Mediterranean 138
Turkey's Borders with "Christian" States in the Balkans 139
Central Asia 141
China 143
The Indian Subcontinent 144
Southeast Asia 146
Africa 147
North America 148
9 The Strategic Dimension 151
A Clash of Strategic Cultures? 151
Deterrence and Extended Deterrence 154
Borderlands Revisited 156
Islam, Third World Conflict, and Western Intervention 159
10 Conclusions 163
Salience of the Islamic Factor 163
The Rise of Political Islam 164
Islam and the West in the International System 166
Policy Implications 171
Selected Bibliography 175
About the Authors 181
About the Book 182
Index 183
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