Septuagint

Septuagint

by Jennifer Dines
     
 

ISBN-10: 0567084647

ISBN-13: 9780567084644

Pub. Date: 05/01/2004

Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic

Jennifer Dines provides an introductory survey of current scholarship on the Greek Bible - the Septuagint. She outlines its origins in the third to first centuries BCE, going on to trace its subsequent history to the fifth century CE. The Septuagint's relationship with the standard Hebrew text and its translational characteristics are examined, as is its value as a

Overview

Jennifer Dines provides an introductory survey of current scholarship on the Greek Bible - the Septuagint. She outlines its origins in the third to first centuries BCE, going on to trace its subsequent history to the fifth century CE. The Septuagint's relationship with the standard Hebrew text and its translational characteristics are examined, as is its value as a collection with its own literary and exegetical character.

The Septuagint is shown to be an important source for biblical studies (both Old and New Testament), to make a distinctive contribution to the history of biblical interpretation, and to be of considerable interest for understanding the early development of both Judaism and Christianity.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780567084644
Publisher:
Bloomsbury Academic
Publication date:
05/01/2004
Series:
Understanding the Bible and Its World Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
216
Product dimensions:
5.50(w) x 8.50(h) x 0.45(d)

Table of Contents

Prefaceix
Abbreviationsxiii
Resourcesxv
1.What is 'the Septuagint'?1
Terminology1
Scope of the term in antiquity2
Scope of the term in contemporary usage: 'Septuagint' and/or 'Old Greek'2
Primary sources: manuscripts and editions3
The earliest Jewish manuscripts4
The earliest Christian manuscripts6
Printed editions7
Secondary sources: the Christian versions9
The Old Latin10
The Coptic11
The content of the Septuagint11
Differences between Hebrew and Greek order12
The individual books of the Septuagint13
The Pentateuch14
The historical books16
The sapiential books19
The prophetic books21
Summary24
Further reading24
2.Origins: Facts and Fictions27
Introduction27
The Letter of Aristeas28
Outline of content28
Relevance to the Septuagint30
Aristobulus33
Sources33
Aristobulus on the Septuagint34
Earlier versions of the Septuagint?35
Relationship between Aristobulus and The Letter of Aristeas35
Aristobulus in context37
Further reading39
3.Origins: Questions and Issues41
Dating, location and purpose41
The translation of the Pentateuch41
The translation of the Prophets and the Writings45
The Septuagint as a whole: theories and questions47
The 'texts for worship' hypothesis47
The 'texts for study' hypothesis51
The question of the Septuagint60
Further reading61
4.The Status of the Septuagint: from Philo to Jerome63
Introduction63
Philo of Alexandria (c. 20 bce - c. 50 ce)64
Philo on the making of the Septuagint64
Special features in Philo's account65
Philo on the 'inspiration' of the Septuagint67
A defence of the Septuagint against accusations of inaccuracy?69
Josephus (37 - c. 100 ce)71
Continuation of the Septuagint legends in Judaism72
Rabbinic sources and the Septuagint73
Continuation of the Septuagint legends in Christianity75
The defence of the Septuagint75
The Septuagint and Jewish alternatives77
Augustine and Jerome77
Further reading79
5.Textual Developments to the Fifth Century CE81
The Jewish versions81
The kaige revision81
'Theodotion'84
Aquila87
Symmachus89
Other Jewish versions90
Christian use of the versions92
The Christian recensions93
The 'Hesychian Recension'94
The Hexaplaric Recension95
The Lucianic (Antiochian) Recension103
Further reading106
6.Language and Style109
Introduction109
The Septuagint and Koine Greek110
The Septuagint's first readers115
Summary117
Translation technique117
'Literal' and 'free' translations119
Conclusion128
Further reading129
7.The Use of the Septuagint: from the Beginnings to the Present Day131
Septuagint and Masoretic Text: interpreting the differences131
Identifying distinctive theological elements131
Jewish and Christian reception history135
Early Jewish interpretation136
Hellenistic Jewish authors137
Apocrypha and pseudepigrapha138
Philo and Josephus140
Early Christian interpretation142
Influence of the Septuagint on New Testament interpretation142
Patristic use of the Septuagint145
The influence of the Septuagint on biblical interpretation147
Issues in the patristic use of the Septuagint149
Modern interest in the LXX151
The Septuagint and textual criticism151
Modern translations152
The Septuagint as Christian Scripture154
The Septuagint as Jewish Scripture154
The Septuagint and Hellenistic culture155
Further reading156
Bibliography159
Index of References177
Index of Authors183
General Index187

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