Serengeti III: Human Impacts on Ecosystem Dynamics

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Overview

Serengeti National Park is one of the world's most diverse ecosystems, a natural laboratory for ecology, evolution, and conservation, with a history that dates back at least four million years to the beginnings of human evolution. The third book of a ground-breaking series, Serengeti III is the result of a long-term integrated research project that documents changes to this unique ecosystem every ten years.

Bringing together researchers from a wide range of disciplines-ecologists, paleontologists, economists, social scientists, mathematicians, and disease specialists-this volume focuses on the interactions between the natural system and the human-dominated agricultural system. By examining how changes in rainfall, wildebeest numbers, commodity prices, and human populations have impacted the Serengeti ecosystem, the authors conclude that changes in the natural system have affected human welfare just as changes in the human system have impacted the natural world. To promote both the conservation of biota and the sustainability of human well-being, the authors recommend community-based conservation and protected-area conservation. Serengeti III presents a timely and provocative look at the conservation status of one of earth's most renowned ecosystems.

About the Author:
A. R. E. Sinclair is professor in the Biodiversity Research Centre at the University of British Columbia

About the Author:
Craig Packer is professor of Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior at the University of Minnesota

About the Author:
Simon A. R. Mduma is director of the Tanzania Wildlife Research Institute

About the Author:
John M. Fryxell is professor ofintegrative biology at the University of Guelph

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Editorial Reviews

Choice

"This book builds on the previous two volumes on the Serengeti ecosystem. The first volume, Serengeti: The

Dynamics of an Ecosystem (CH, Sep'80), synthesizes the previous 20 years of research on herbivore-carnivore

population dynamics and vegetation-herbivore systems. The second, Serengeti II (CH, Feb'96, 33-3300), updates

information on ecosystem dynamics, conservation, and changes brought about by a growing population of pastoralists

and agriculturalists surrounding the Serengeti. Serengeti III focuses on major changes taking place in this ecosystem

and their impact on the future, intensified by the growing human population near the protected area. In 16

multiauthored chapters, ecologists, paleontologists, epidemiologists, economists, social scientists, and mathematicians

report on a program that integrates socioeconomic research and decision making with ecological research. The goal is

to develop a better understanding of the feedback loop between natural and human components of the Serengeti

ecosystem. This work is best studied in the context of the other two volumes. The three together provide an

unparalleled long-term study of natural and anthropogenic changes to a large, intact ecosystem and offer approaches

to conservation. A critical addition to the conservation biology library....Essential."

Ecoscience
"This book illustrates the complexity of the challenges ahead for the Serengeti ecosystem, as well as the need for integrative, multidisciplinary approaches."

— Nathalie Pettorelli

Biologist
"An important extension of previous volumes and a valuable case study in community-based conservation."

— Ian Powell

Integrative and Comparative Biology

"Serengeti III's value lies in its extensive coverage of the ecosystem processes, providing the background for conservation planning and management. . . . A valuable and important reference for students, scientists and managers in landscape ecology, park management, rangeland management, wildlife conservation, and social ecology."

— W.G. Doerrgeloh

Choice
"This book builds on the previous two volumes on the Serengeti ecosystem. The first volume, Serengeti: The Dynamics of an Ecosystem (CH, Sep''80), synthesizes the previous 20 years of research on herbivore-carnivore population dynamics and vegetation-herbivore systems. The second, Serengeti II (CH, Feb''96, 33-3300), updates information on ecosystem dynamics, conservation, and changes brought about by a growing population of pastoralists and agriculturalists surrounding the Serengeti. Serengeti III focuses on major changes taking place in this ecosystem and their impact on the future, intensified by the growing human population near the protected area. In 16
multiauthored chapters, ecologists, paleontologists, epidemiologists, economists, social scientists, and mathematicians report on a program that integrates socioeconomic research and decision making with ecological research. The goal is to develop a better understanding of the feedback loop between natural and human components of the Serengeti ecosystem. This work is best studied in the context of the other two volumes. The three together provide an unparalleled long-term study of natural and anthropogenic changes to a large, intact ecosystem and offer approaches to conservation. A critical addition to the conservation biology library....Essential."-Choice
Ecoscience - Nathalie Pettorelli
"This book illustrates the complexity of the challenges ahead for the Serengeti ecosystem, as well as the need for integrative, multidisciplinary approaches."
Biologist - Ian Powell
"An important extension of previous volumes and a valuable case study in community-based conservation."
Integrative and Comparative Biology - W.G. Doerrgeloh
"Serengeti III's value lies in its extensive coverage of the ecosystem processes, providing the background for conservation planning and management. . . . A valuable and important reference for students, scientists and managers in landscape ecology, park management, rangeland management, wildlife conservation, and social ecology."
Choice
“This book builds on the previous two volumes on the Serengeti ecosystem. The first volume, Serengeti: The Dynamics of an Ecosystem synthesizes the previous twenty years of research on herbivore-carnivore population dynamics and vegetation-herbivore systems. The second, Serengeti II updates information on ecosystem dynamics, conservation, and changes brought about by a growing population of pastoralists and agriculturalists surrounding the Serengeti. Serengeti III focuses on major changes taking place in this ecosystem and their impact on the future, intensified by the growing human population near the protected area. In sixteen multiauthored chapters, ecologists, paleontologists, epidemiologists, economists, social scientists, and mathematicians report on a program that integrates socioeconomic research and decision making with ecological research. The goal is to develop a better understanding of the feedback loop between natural and human components of the Serengeti ecosystem. This work is best studied in the context of the other two volumes. The three together provide an unparalleled long-term study of natural and anthropogenic changes to a large, intact ecosystem and offer approaches to conservation. A critical addition to the conservation biology library. . . . Essential.”
African Zoology
Serengeti III belongs on the shelves of any ecological research or teaching library in the world, and in the private collections of all those who have a more than passing interest in African ecology.”
Policy and Practice Pastoralism: Research
“The book brings much new material and novel analyses, particularly modeling expertise, to build on existing work. It also heralds a change of emphasis. . . . This is in recognition that in order to understand the changes Serengeti has seen and its different possible futures, it is necessary to move on from the biophysical ‘hard’ science to the difficult science of social, economic and political drivers. This is an exciting and groundbreaking move. . . . I am already looking forward to Serengeti IV.”
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780226760339
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • Publication date: 8/15/2008
  • Pages: 512
  • Product dimensions: 6.20 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 1.20 (d)

Meet the Author

A. R. E. Sinclair is professor in the Biodiversity Research Centre at the University of British Columbia. Craig Packer is professor of Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior at the University of Minnesota. Simon A. R. Mduma is director of the Tanzania Wildlife Research Institute. John M. Fryxell is professor of integrative biology at the University of Guelph.

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Table of Contents

1 Introduction: Understanding the Greater Serengeti Ecosystem Craig Packer Packer, Craig Stephen Polasky Polasky, Stephen 1

2 Historical and Future Changes to the Serengeti Ecosystem A. R. E. Sinclair Sinclair, A. R. E. J. Grant C. Hopcraft Hopcraft, J. Grant C. Han Olff Han, Olff Simon A. R. Mduma Mduma, Simon A. R. Kathleen A. Galvin Galvin, Kathleen A. Gregory J. Sharam Sharam, Gregory J. 7

3 Paleoecology of the Serengeti-Mara Ecosystem Charles R. Peters Peters, Charles R. Robert J. Blumenschine Blumenschine, Robert J. Richard L. Hay Hay, Richard L. Daniel A. Livingstone Livingstone, Daniel A. Curtis W. Marean Marean, Curtis W. Terry Harrison Harrison, Terry Miranda Annour-Chelu Annour-Chelu, Miranda Peter Andrews Andrews, Peter Raymond L. Bernor Bernor, Raymond L. Ramonde Bonnefille Bonnefille, Ramonde Lars Werdelin Werdelin, Lars 47

4 The Resource Basis of Human-Wildlife Interaction Han Olff Han, Olff J. Grant C. Hopcraft Hopcraft, J. Grant C. 95

5 Generation and Maintenance of Heterogeneity in the Serengeti Ecosystem T. Michael Anderson Anderson, T. Michael Jan Dempewolf Dempewolf, Jan Kristine L. Metzger Metzger, Kristine L. Denne N. Reed Reed, Denne N. Suzanne Setneels Setneels, Suzanne 135

6 Global Environmental Changes and Their Impact On the Serengeti Mark E. Ritchie Ritchie, Mark E. 183

7 The Multiple Roles of Infectious Diseases in the Serengeti Ecosystem Sarah Cleaveland Cleaveland, Sarah Craig Packer Packer, Craig Katie Hampson Hampson, Katie Magai Kaare Kaare, Magai Richard Kock Kock, Richard Meggan Craft Craft, Meggan Tiziana Limbo Limbo, Tiziana Titus Miengeya Miengeya, Titus Andy Dobson Dobson, Andy 209

8 Reticulate Food Webs in Space and Time:Messagesfrom the Serengeti Robert D. Holt Holt, Robert D. Peter A. Abrams Abrams, Peter A. John M. Fryxell Fryxell, John M. T. Kimbrell Kimbrell, T. 241

9 Spatial Dynamics and Coexistenceof the Serengeti Grazer Community John M. Fryxell Fryxell, John M. Peter A. Abrams Abrams, Peter A. Robert D. Holt Holt, Robert D. John F. Wilmshurst Wilmshurst, John F. A. R. E. Sinclair Sinclair, A. R. E. Roy Hilborn Hilborn, Roy 277

10 Dynamic Consequences of Human Behavior in the Serengeti Ecosystem Christopher Costello Costello, Christopher Nicholas Burger Burger, Nicholas Kathleen A. Galvin Galvin, Kathleen A. Roy Hilborn Hilborn, Roy Stephen Polasky Polasky, Stephen 301

11 Human Responses to Change: Modeling Household Decision Making in Western Serengeti Kathleen A. Galvin Galvin, Kathleen A. Steven Polasky Polasky, Steven Christopher Costello Costello, Christopher Martin Loibooki Loibooki, Martin 325

12 Larger-Scale Influences on the Serengeti Ecosystem: National and International Policy, Economics, and Human Demography Stephen Polasky Polasky, Stephen Jennifer Schmitt Schmitt, Jennifer Christopher Costello Costello, Christopher Liailla Tajibaeva Tajibaeva, Liailla 347

13 Land-Use Economics in the Mara Area of the Serengeti Ecosystem Mike Norton-Griffiths Norton-Griffiths, Mike Mohammed Y. Said Said, Mohammed Y. Suzanne Serneels Serneels, Suzanne Dixon S. Kaelo Kaelo, Dixon S. Mike Coughenour Coughenour, Mike Richard H. Lamprey Lamprey, Richard H. D. Michael Thompson Thompson, D. Michael Robin S. Reid Reid, Robin S. 379

14 Propagation of Change through a Complex Ecosystem Ray Hilborn Hilborn, Ray A. R. E. Sinclair Sinclair, A. R. E. John M. Fryxell Fryxell, John M. 417

15 Who Pays for Conservation? Current and Future Financing Scenarios for the Serengeti Ecosystem Simon Thirgood Thirgood, Simon Charles Mlingwa Mlingwa, Charles Emmanuel Gereta Gereta, Emmanuel Victor Runyoro Runyoro, Victor Rob Malpas Malpas, Rob Karen Laurenson Laurenson, Karen Markus Borner Borner, Markus 443

16 Integrating Conservation in Human and Natural Ecosystems A. R. E. Slnclair Slnclair, A. R. E. 471

Appendix The Main Herbivorous Mammals and Crocodiles in the Greater Serengeti Ecosystem Simon A. R. Mduna Mduna, Simon A. R. J. Grant C. Hopcraft Hopcraft, J. Grant C. 497

Contributors 507

Index 513

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