Seven Ideas That Shook the Universe / Edition 3by Nathan Spielberg, Bryon D. Anderson
Pub. Date: 09/05/2006
Is there an objective world, or is everything relative? Do matter, time and space change, or do they remain constant everywhere in the universe? Is there always a relationship between cause and effect, or do some things "just happen?" Many of our basic ideas about the world have been shaped by science—but seldom are such discoveries accepted easily or… See more details below
Is there an objective world, or is everything relative? Do matter, time and space change, or do they remain constant everywhere in the universe? Is there always a relationship between cause and effect, or do some things "just happen?" Many of our basic ideas about the world have been shaped by science—but seldom are such discoveries accepted easily or willingly. Here are seven of the most important ideas in physics—ideas that shattered the assumptions of dogmatists, philosophers and scientists—explained simply and elegantly. And you don't need a background in mathematics or science to enjoy this fascinating book. Seven Ideas That Shook the Universe explores the history of seven important themes in physics: Copernican astronomy, Newtonian mechanics, energy and entropy, relativity, quantum theory, and conservation principles and symmetries. Together these discoveries form the foundation of our understanding of the physical world. Nathan Spielberg and Bryon Anderson explain each concept in a simple, straightforward narrative style, considering each in the context of its times and assessing its impact on the way we think about time, space, matter, even existence itself. For the science lover and the intellectually curious, Seven Ideas That Shook the Universe brings the drama of scientific discovery to vivid life.
- Publication date:
- Edition description:
- New Edition
- Product dimensions:
- 6.10(w) x 9.20(h) x 0.60(d)
Table of Contents
Chapter 1: Introduction.
Revolutions and Science.
Dominant Themes in Physics.
Continuing Evolution of Scientific Knowledge—The Seven Ideas.
Physics Without Mathematics?
Science and Other Areas of Human Endeavor—Distinctions and Similarities.
Chapter 2: Copernican Astronomy.
Early Scientific Stirrings in the Mediterranean Area.
Geocentric Theory of the Universe.
The Heliocentric Theory—Revival by Copernicus.
New Data and a New Theory.
New Discoveries and Arguments.
Kepler's Heliocentric Theory.
The Course of Scientific Revolutions.
Chapter 3: Newtonian Mechanics and Causality.
Logic, Mathematics, and Science.
Consequences and Implications.
Chapter 4: The Energy Concept.
Interactions and Conservation Laws.
Heat and Motion.
Conservation of Energy.
Chapter 5: Entropy and Probability.
Heat and Temperature.
The Natural Flow of Heat.
Transformation of Heat Energy into Other Forms of Energy.
Efficiency of Heat Engines.
The Thermodynamics or Absolute Temperature Scale.
The Third Law of Thermodynamics.
Energy Degradation, Unavailability, and Entropy.
Entropy as a Parameter of a System.
Probability and the Microscopic Interpretation of Entropy.
Entropy and Order: Maxwell's Demon.
Cosmological and Philosophical Implications: "Heat Death" of the Universe.
Chapter 6: Relativity.
Electromagnetism and relative Motion.
Attempts to Detect the Ether.
Special Theory of Relativity.
General Theory of Relativity.
Influence of Relativity Theory on Philosophy, Literature, and Art.
Chapter 7: Quantum Theory and the End of Causality.
Cavity of Blackbody Radiation.
The Photoelectric Effect.
The Nuclear Atom and Atomic Spectra.
Quantum Theory, Uncertainty, and Probability.
The Use of Models in Describing Nature.
The Impact of Quantum Theory on Philosophy and Literature.
Chapter 8: Conservation Principles and Symmetries.
The Nuclear Force and Nuclear Structure.
Conservation Laws and Invariants.
Conservation Laws and Symmetries.
The Quark Model.
Summary of Present Knowledge.
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