Sex and World Peace

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Overview

The first contemporary enthnographic account of urban life in China, Sex, Death, and Hierarchy in a Chinese City studies both public and private life, including such aspects as religious belief, gender images, family life, and sexual attraction.

-A comprehensive coverage of . . . aspects of the beliefs and practices among the people of Huhhot [the capital of Inner Mongolia]. -Canadian Review of Sociology and Anthropology

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Sex and World Peace

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Overview

The first contemporary enthnographic account of urban life in China, Sex, Death, and Hierarchy in a Chinese City studies both public and private life, including such aspects as religious belief, gender images, family life, and sexual attraction.

-A comprehensive coverage of . . . aspects of the beliefs and practices among the people of Huhhot [the capital of Inner Mongolia]. -Canadian Review of Sociology and Anthropology

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Editorial Reviews

David G. Winter

Sex and World Peace is unprecedented. While there have been books on gender and international relations and books exploring the causes of war with statistical analyses of archival data, to my knowledge no other book does both. This is therefore a germinal contribution to the emerging field of gender and international relations. It will also add to the ongoing American debate between realism and idealism in foreign policy. Of course this book will appeal to researchers and advanced graduate students, yet the accessible writing -- leading the reader into the central argument by vivid 'case studies' -- will also make it useful to advanced undergraduates. Finally, practitioners and activists in diplomacy, international aid NGOs, enlightened multinational corporations, and women's and men's organizations aimed at transforming gender relations will find much here that is instructive and useful.

Rose McDermott

Valerie M. Hudson and her colleagues take a monumental stride forward in providing a clear theoretical and empirical case for linking important outcomes in international politics, such as security, to the treatment of women. Their tour de force book connects micro-level incidents of violence against women -- instantiated in such phenomena as inequity in family law, polygamy, and imbalanced sex ratios -- to macro-level occurrences such as conflict and war. In this approach, they highlight the way in which legal institutions in particular serve to perpetuate patterns of violence within the family and larger society. The authors argue that the true clash of civilizations is not taking place between East and West, Christian and Muslim, but rather occurs in the chasm between men and women and in the discrepancy between attitudes, expectations, responsibilities, and opportunities playing out on the world stage. They provide an important theoretical link locating the origins of the mechanisms individuals use to establish and sustain hierarchies of dominance in international relations through the use of violence within the family. This learning then generalizes out into other domains, unconsciously but pervasively aligning dominance in the family to power between states that threaten or use violence to maintain control over groups constructed as a weaker "other." The implicit and ubiquitous nature of these patterns, in turn, provides unquestioned justification for the repression and protest spawning conflict around the globe.

Canadian Review of Sociology and Anthropology
A comprehensive coverage of . . . aspects of the beliefs and practices among the people of Huhhot [the capital of Inner Mongolia].
International Affairs - Sara E. Davies

Sex and World Peace should be on top of every introductory International Relations reading list.

Choice

[A] pioneering and readable book.... Highly recommended.

Ethics and International Affairs - Helen M. Kinsella

This is an important, well written, and inf ormative book that will serve a wide audience of graduate and undergraduate students, academics, and policymakers, as well as the interested public.

Peace and Conflict - Marijke Breuning

highly readable and provides a thought-provoking introduction to the reasons why equality between women and men within the family matters for the relations between states and, ultimately, world peace.

Ms. - Gloria Steinem

A landmark book.

Choice

[A] pioneering and readable book.... Highly recommended.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780231131827
  • Publisher: Columbia University Press
  • Publication date: 4/10/2012
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 304
  • Sales rank: 405,849
  • Product dimensions: 6.20 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Meet the Author

Valerie M. Hudson is professor and George H.W. Bush Chair at The Bush School of Government and Public Service at Texas A&M University. Her research concerns foreign policy analysis, security studies, gender and international relations, and methodology, and her articles have appeared in such journals as International Security, Journal of Peace Research, Political Psychology, and Foreign Policy Analysis. She is the author or editor of several books, including, with Andrea Den Boer, Bare Branches: The Security Implications of Asia's Surplus Male Population, which won the American Association of Publishers Award for Best Book in Political Science and the Otis Dudley Duncan Award for Best Book in Social Demography. She was named one of Foreign Policy's Top 100 Global Thinkers of 2009.

Bonnie Ballif-Spanvill is professor emeritus of psychology at Brigham Young University and the last director of its Women's Research Institute. She is a fellow in both the Association for Psychological Science and the American Psychological Association. Her research focuses on interpersonal violence and peace. She is a coauthor of Peaceabilities: Compelling Stories and Activities That Develop Abilities of Children to Live Peacefully with Others and coeditor of A Chorus for Peace: A Global Anthology of Poetry by Women.

Mary Caprioli is associate professor and director of international studies at the University of Minnesota Duluth. She pioneered a new line of scholarly inquiry between the security of women and the national and international behavior of states and confirmed the link using quantitative methodology. She is an associate editor for Foreign Policy Analysis, an editorial board member for the Peace and Conflict Report, and an advisory board member for the Minorities at Risk Project. She is also a member of the International Group of Experts for the UNSCR 1325 Research Group of the government of Sweden.

Chad F. Emmett is an associate professor of geography at Brigham Young University focused on researching the peaceful sharing of space between Israelis and Palestinians, Christians and Muslims, men and women, and other supposedly opposing groups. He is the author of Beyond the Basilica: Christians and Muslims in Nazareth.

Columbia University Press

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Table of Contents

Preface
1 Introduction 1
2 The City 8
The Place 8
The Historical Context 11
Daily Rhythm 20
Economic Context: 1981-87 24
3 The Objectification of Ethnicity 30
The Rise of Ethnic Antagonism: The Struggle for Dignity and Gain 33
Life Orientations: Competing Notions of Ethnic Integrity 40
Dreams, Ambiguity and Unresolved Identity Markers 48
Dual Ethnic Names: Ambiguity and Authenticity 50
Life Orientation and Social Class 53
The Mongolian Female: Hypergyny or Authenticity? 55
4 Urban Hierarchy: Honor, Power, and Morality 60
Morality, Respect, and Admiration: An Inquiry into Social Honor 61
The Struggle for Honor 63
Gentility: The Restrictions of Social Rank 85
Character, Morality, and Honor 89
Cultural Principles and Social Resentment: The Worker Stratum 92
5 Locality, Neighbors, and Urban Crime 97
Formal Organization: The Neighborhood Committee 98
Types of Dwellings and Their Characteristics 100
Folk Notions of "Neighborhood" 102
Neighboring: Folk Ideals, Frequency, and Social Class 103
Quarrels and Disruption in Neighborly Relations 106
Friendship, Neighbors, and Social Class 109
Urban Crime 113
Neighborhood Crime: The Old City 115
Street Crime 119
6 The Public Domain: Strangers Mediating Strangers 125
Imperial and Contemporary China: Social Control and Dispute Management 126
The Anatomy of the Public Dispute: Twenty-three Case Studies 128
Disputants: Demography and Style 158
Mediators: Demography and Style 161
Duty, Fear, and Civic Consciousness 163
7 Gender Images, Sexual Attraction, and Mate Selection 165
Gender Stereotypes: Somatic, Personality, and Sexual Images 166
The Chinese Ideal Mate 168
Sexual Signals 169
Gender Interaction Within and Outside the Sexual Encounter 174
Sex Differences in China: Partner Selection Criteria 178
Hypergyny 180
Sex Differences in Erotic Desires 186
Sexual Enticement and Sexual Harassment 187
8 Romance in Daily Life 191
Romance, Literature, and the Individual within Imperial China 192
Love and Romance in Urban China 196
Romantic Infatuation: Styles of Courtship 197
Romantic Love and Seduction 201
Fragility of the Individual in the Courtship Process 203
Attraction Phase: Desire and Marriage Expectations 207
The Chinese Mother: The Development of Romantic Cynicism 209
Mei Ling: A Representative Tale from the Upper Strata 210
Sex Differences in the Pursuit and Experience of Love 218
9 The Chinese Family: Parents, Spouses, and Children 223
The Stem, Nuclear, and Joint Family 225
The Domestic Unit: Sibling Ties 227
The Domestic Sphere: The Meaning of Marriage 227
Marital Satisfaction and Frequency of Intercourse 230
Domestic Power 234
Daughter-in-Law and Mother-in-Law: A New Natal Reality 239
Parent-Child Relations 242
The Emergent Urban Father-Child Relationship 246
Infant Care 247
Early Childhood 249
Styles of Parenting 250
Father-Daughter Love 253
10 Chinese Mortuary Rites: Transformation of Cosmology 258
Socialist Transformation of Huhhotian Religious Institutions 258
Socialist Transformation: Ancestor Worship 262
Socialist Cremation Rite 266
Traditional Mortuary Rites 268
Preburial Rites 270
The Day of the Funeral 273
Funeral Offerings 274
Five Mourning Animals 275
Mourning Costume 276
Ritual Segments of the Funeral 278
Postfunerary Rites 287
Qing Ming and Ghost Day 288
Death, Doubt, and Reputation: The Yu Family 289
The Soul of Lao Yu: A Representative Tale 290
Animistic Forces, Soul Possession, and Dreams: Dialog
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