Sex & Gender / Edition 6

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Overview

This is a comprehensive introduction to sex and gender theories, research, and issues, focusing on social psychological and feminist perspectives. The book examines the similarities and differences between women and men, discusses where that knowledge comes from, and explains how that knowledge may itself be shaped and limited by cultural perceptions. This new edition has been thoroughly revised with up-to-date research citations for all chapters and more current examples.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780073405537
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill Higher Education
  • Publication date: 7/23/2007
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 6
  • Pages: 696
  • Sales rank: 889,213
  • Product dimensions: 7.20 (w) x 9.40 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Table of Contents

PART I: Myths, Theories, and Research

Chapter 1

Masculinity and Femininity: Myths and Stereotypes

Sex Stereotypes

Sex or Gender: More Than a Question of Terminology? “Sugar and Spice” or “Snips and Snails”: The Content of Gender Stereotypes

Beyond Personality Traits: The Many Faces of Gender Stereotypes

Different and Unequal? The Evaluative Aspects of Gender Stereotypes

Gender and Other Stereotypes: Race/Ethnicity, Class, Age, Appearance, Sexual Orientation, Disability

The Process of Stereotyping

How Gender Stereotypes and Prejudice Affect Us

Gender Stereotypes and the Research Process

Summary

Key Terms

Chapter 2

Theoretical Perspectives on Sex and Gender

Early Theories About Sex and Gender

Psychoanalytic/Identification Theories

Social Structure/Cultural Theories of Gender

Evolutionary Theories of Gender

Biosocial Model

Social Learning Theory/Social Cognitive Theory

Cognitive Theories

Social Interaction Process Theories

Perspectives on Difference

Summary

Key Terms

Chapter 3

Researching Sex and Gender: Exploring the Whys and Hows

Asking Questions About Gender: Science and the Search for Truth

What Differences and Similarities Exist: Methods for Comparing the Sexes

Why Gender Differences Exist: Nature, Nurture, and the Interactionist Position

Biases and Pitfalls: Problems Encountered in the Study of Sex and Gender

Science and Androcentrism

A Transformational Psychology of Gender?

Summary

Key Terms
PART II: Behavior & Experience: Female—Male Similiarities and Differences

Chapter 4

Worlds Apart? Gender Differences in Social Behavior and Experience

Now You See It, Now You Don’t: Gender Differences in Context

Gender Differences in Social Behavior: A Sampling of Current Findings

What Happened to the Differences?

Summary

Key Terms

Chapter 5

Biology and Environment: The Process of Becoming Female or Male

The Biological Process of Sexual Differentiation

Do Physical Sex Differences Have Implications for Behavior?

Gender-Roles: Variations in Normal Development

Gender Identity

Sexual Orientation

Summary

Key Terms

Chapter 6

Perceptual and Cognitive Abilities: Gender Similarities and Differences

The Greater Male Variability Hypothesis

Gender Differences in Intellectual Performance

Explaining the Differences

Summary

Key Terms

Chapter 7

Sexual Lives and Orientations

The Double Standard

The Physiology of Sexual Response

Sexual Activity

Explaining Gender Differences in Sexuality

Sexual Orientation

Sexuality and Power: Erotica, Pornography, and Coercive Sexuality

Summary

Key Terms

Chapter 8

Hormonal and Reproductive Connections

The Menstrual Cycle

Hormones and the Male Experience

Pregnancy and Childbirth

Menopause

Summary

Key Terms

Chapter 9

Mental and Physical Health: Stress, Change, and Adaptations

Vulnerability and Strength

Gender and Physical Health

Women, Men, and Mental Illness

Gender and Mental Health

Summary

Key Terms
PART III: Sex and Gender in Social Relationships

Chapter 10

Sex and Gender and Childhood: Constructing Gender

“Getting the Word”: Sources of Early Gender Learning

Constructing an Identity: The Relational and Individual Self

Friendship

Achievement

Summary

Key Terms

Chapter 11

Family and Friends: Attachment, Intimacy, and Power

Close Relationships in Adulthood

Marriage: The Intimate Economic Partnership

Women and Men as Parents

Summary

Key Terms

Chapter 12

Economic and Political Life: Power, Status, and Achievement

Where We Are Now: A Shortage of Women at the Top

Motivation: The Driving Force?

Defining Achievement and Power

Access to Resources

Resources, Strategies, and Political Power Power in Organizations and Institutions

Maintaining the Status Quo: How Hierarchies Perpetuate Themselves

Summary

Key Terms

Chapter 13

Issues in the Workplace

Division of Labor by Sex

Sex Discrimination

Two Spheres in Contact: The Interaction of Family and Employment Issues

Work, Sexuality, and Power

Summary

Key Terms

Chapter 14

Justice, Equity, and Social Change

Gender and Conceptions of Justice

Gender and the Law

Social Change: Justice for All?

Summary

Key Terms
Epilogue

The Ties That Bind:

The Future of Sex and Gender

Glossary

References

Author Index I–1 Subject Index I–15 Credits C–1
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