Sex Trafficking: A Global Perspective

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Overview

Global estimates of human trafficking range from 600,000 to four million victims each year with the majority being victims of sex trafficking. This strikingly large range belies the difficulty in gathering, defining, and accountability of sex-trafficking data. Victims of sex trafficking may be forced into pornography, prostitution for the military or militia, spousal prostitution, and prostitution for the sex-tourism industry. In response to the problem of sex trafficking, many nations have either misunderstood the definition or failed to comprehend the magnitude that have occurs within their borders. The United Nations has defined 'human trafficking' as 'the recruitment, transfer, harboring or receipt of persons by threat or use of force.' Similarly, the U.S. State Department's Trafficking Victims Protection Act 2000 describes severe forms of trafficking as: (a) sex trafficking in which a commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such an act has not attained 18 years of age; or (b) the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for labor or services, through the use of force, fraud, or coercion for the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or slavery. In Sex Trafficking: A Global Perspective, sex trafficking is discussed in terms of its multiple purposes and its victims. The essays provide information to build upon the limited knowledge-base on the subject of sex trafficking and the legislative responses to human trafficking by the various highlighted countries. This collection is unique because it serves the needs of those studying human trafficking from a global perspective by targeting the issue within every geographic region, it provides a general profile of geographic regions in terms of demographic characteristics and political conditions that may support the growth of sex trafficking, and it is written on a basic information-supply-level to provide readers with a foundation on human trafficking throughout the world.
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Editorial Reviews

James Michael Lampinen
This is a fantastic new book about an extremely important issue. Great information for students and faculty interested in solutions to the problem of human trafficking.
Mary Crawford
McCabe and Manian shed light on the crime of sex trafficking around the globe by looking closely at causes, incidence, and anti-trafficking efforts by country and region. This book will be an indispensable reference for all who care about ending sex trafficking.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780739129340
  • Publisher: Lexington Books
  • Publication date: 4/12/2010
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 194
  • Sales rank: 1,412,861
  • Product dimensions: 6.08 (w) x 9.15 (h) x 0.46 (d)

Meet the Author

Kimberly A. McCabe is dean of the School of Humanities & Social Sciences and professor of criminology at Lynchburg College. Sabita Manian is professor of international relations at Lynchburg College.
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Table of Contents

1 Introduction: Defining Sex Trafficking Kimberly A. McCabe Sabita Manian 1

Part I Africa Kimberly A. McCabe Sabita Manian 9

2 Sex Trafficking in the Horn of Africa Sabita Manian 13

3 Sex Trafficking in the Countries of South Africa, Mozambique, and Zimbabwe William J. Mathias Kimberly A. McCabe 25

Part II East Asia and Pacific Kimberty A. McCabe Sabita Manian 33

4 An Anatomy of Asian Gangs Involved in Sex Trafficking: An Application of Routine Activities Theory Nhatthien Q. Nguyen 37

5 Taiwan's Efforts to Combat Human Trafficking between 2001 and 2008 Yingyu Chen 45

Part III Europe Kimberly A. McCabe Sabita Manian 55

6 Mercenary Territory: A UK Perspective on Human Trafficking Margaret Melrose 59

7 Human Trafficking in Austria, Poland, and Croatia Karin Bruckmüller Stefan Schumann 71

Part IV Near East Kimberly A. McCabe Sabita Manian 81

8 The Wretched of the Earth: Trafficking, the Maghreb, and Europe Sunita Manian 83

9 Addicted to Cheap Labor: The Gulf States, the Near East, and Trafficking Brian E. Crim 91

Part V South Asia Kimberly A. McCabe Sabita Manian 99

10 Trafficking in India Arvind Verma 101

11 Afghanistan and the Sex Trade Michael A. Bush 111

Part VI Western Hemisphere Kimberly A. McCabe Sabita Manian 119

12 Sex Traffic and Trafficking in the Caribbean Brad Bullock 121

13 Child Commercial Sexual Exploitation in Nicaragua: A Critical Globalization Perspective Mirna Carranza Henry Parada 131

Part VII North America Kimberly A. McCabe Sabita Manian 143

14 Sex Trafficking in the United States Kimberly A. McCabe 147

15 Sex Trafficking in Canada: Limited Efforts in Law Enforcement James B. Grassano T. A. Ryan 159

16 Sex Trafficking and Mexico David H. Richards 165

17 Conclusion: Anti-Trafficking Efforts Kimberly A. McCabe Sabita Manian 171

Index 175

About the Contributors 185

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