Sexuality and Gender in Post-Communist Eastern Europe and Russia

Sexuality and Gender in Post-Communist Eastern Europe and Russia

by Edmond J Coleman, Theo Sandfort
     
 

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ISBN-10: 078902294X

ISBN-13: 9780789022943

Pub. Date: 12/28/2004

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

Important new findings on sex and gender in the former Soviet Block! Sexuality and Gender in Post-Communist Eastern Europe and Russia is a groundbreaking look at the new sexual reality in Central, Eastern, and Southeast Europe after the fall of communism. The book presents the kind of candid discussion of sexual identities, sexual politics, and gender arrangements

Overview

Important new findings on sex and gender in the former Soviet Block! Sexuality and Gender in Post-Communist Eastern Europe and Russia is a groundbreaking look at the new sexual reality in Central, Eastern, and Southeast Europe after the fall of communism. The book presents the kind of candid discussion of sexual identities, sexual politics, and gender arrangements that was often censored and rarely discussed openly before the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1987. Authors from a variety of disciplines examine how the changes caused by rapid economic and social transformation have affected human sexuality and if those changes can generate the social tolerance necessary to produce a well-rooted democracy. The first theoretical and empirical body of work to sexuality in (post)transitional countries, Sexuality and Gender in Post-Communist Eastern Europe and Russia examines the effects of the profound social transformation taking place in the former Soviet Block. Through an interdisciplinary perspective, the book addresses vital issues of this transformation, including gender relations, gender roles and sex norms in transition, sexual representations in the media, patterns of adult sexual behavior, gay and lesbian issues, sex trafficking, health risks, and sex education. The book also presents a critical examination of whether the fall of communism has, in fact, induced changes in sexuality and gender relations. Sexuality and Gender in Post-Communist Eastern Europe and Russia examines the changes in sex and gender in countries in transition, including: the negative consequences of Serbia's "state-directed non-development" during the 1990s the causes and consequences of trafficking in women from the Russian Federation the ongoing debate over human rights for sexual minorities in Romania the effects of two Yugoslavian films released in the 1990s that feature transgender characters sexualities in transition in Croatia problems created by

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780789022943
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Publication date:
12/28/2004
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
432
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 8.30(h) x 1.00(d)

Related Subjects

Table of Contents

About the Editors
Contributors
Foreword
Acknowledgments
Introduction. Sexuality and Gender in Times of Transition (Aleksandar
Štulhofer and Theo Sandfort)
Changing the Gender Order
Changing Social Regulation of Sexuality
Sexualities in Postcommunism
The Contributions

PART I: POSTCOMMUNIST CONSTRUCTIONS OF GENDER AND
SEXUALITY

Chapter 1. Gender Inequalities in the Nationalist, Nontransitional Context
of Serbia, Emphasizing Vojvodina, During the 1990s (Tatjana
Ðuric-Kuzmanovic)
Introduction
A Gendered Approach to Theories of Development and Transition
General Economic and Social Conditions in Serbia During the 1990s
Gender Oppression in Serbia: From Socialism to State-Directed
Nondevelopment
Current Developments and Future Trends in the Labor Market for Women During
Transition in Serbia, Emphasizing Vojvodina
Summary: Toward Affirmative Action

Chapter 2. Hierarchies of Difference: National Identity, Gay and Lesbian
Rights,
and the Church in Postcommunist Romania (Voichita Nachescu)
Gender and Romanian Communism
Brief History
The Actors of the Debate
The Debate
Conclusion

Chapter 3. From Sworn Virgins to Transvestite Prostitutes: Performing
Gender and
Sexuality in Two Films from Yugoslavia (Kevin Moss)

Chapter 4. The Spatiality of Identities and Sexualities: Is “Transition” a
Challenging Point at All? (Biljana Kašic)
Introductory Notes: Facing the Question
Facing the Approach and Problem That Sexuality Matters
Facing Transition and War(s): Stereotypes, Trends, and Media Signifiers of
Sexualities
Facing Female Sexuality Within the Pornography of War(s)
Instead of a Conclusion: Facing Obstacles, Gaps, and Potentials
Within/Crossing “Transition”

PART II. SEXUAL POLITICS AND SEXUAL IDENTITIES

Chapter 5. Sexual Culture and Politics in Contemporary Russia (Igor S. Kon)
Post-Soviet Sexuality
Attitudes Toward Sex Education
The Antisexual Crusade

Chapter 6. Serbian Sexual Response: Gender and Sexuality in Serbia During
the
1990s (Tea Nikolic)
Excitement (The Awakening of the Nation)
Plateau (Turbo Folk)
Orgasm (Pornography)
Resolution

Chapter 7. The Sexual Status of Lesbian Women in Slovenia in the 1990s
(Tatjana Greif)
Introduction
Historical Background
The Lesbian Movement in Slovenia
The Current Legal Situation Concerning Lesbian Women
Lesbians Within Education, the Health System, and the Military
The Social Situation Concerning Lesbian Women
Conclusion

Chapter 8. Sexualities in Belarus: Some Major Patterns of Sexual Behavior
and Their Cultural Background (Alexei Lalo and Nikolai Schitov)
Introduction

Gender Roles and Images
Sexualities and “Witch Hunts”
Post-Soviet Sexual Discourses and Western Influences
Issues of Domestic Violence: The Controversial Role of Physicians
Sex-Related Prejudice and Sex Crimes: The Orthodox Church and Homophobia
Conclusion

Chapter 9. The New Visibility: Representing Sexual Minorities in the
Popular Culture of Post-Soviet Russia (Brian James Baer)

PART III. THE RISE OF SEX MARKETS

Chapter 10. Supplying Women for the Sex Industry: Trafficking from the
Russian Federation (Donna Hughes)
Introduction
Collapse and Criminalization of the State and Economy
Economic Inequality for Women
Regional Variation in Unemployment
Traffickers Recruiting Women for Work Abroad
Public and Private Violence Against Women
Western Glamour and the Sex Industry
Conclusion

Chapter 11. Russian Mail-Order Brides in U.S. Public Discourse: Sex, Crime,
and Cultural Stereotypes (Tatiana Osipovich)
Male Fantasy and the Internet: Marketing the Image of the Beautiful Russian
Woman Who Loves Her American Man
Academic Feminist Discourse: Romance, Trafficking, and Abuse
Popular Discourse: Young Victims, Ugly Losers, and Grieving Parents
Legal Discourse: Immigration Fraud, Unregulated Industry, and Domestic
Violence

Chapter 12. Sexuality for Whom? Tolerance of What? (Natalia Khodyreva)
Research Methods
Debates About Prostitution
Study of Prostitution
The Interviews
Strengthening Patriarchal Gender Relations
PART IV. SEXUAL PLEASURES AND RISKS

Chapter 13. The Subjective Meaning of Sex and Sexual Satisfaction Among
More Active Young Adults in Slovakia (Marianna Supeková, Gabriel Bianchi,
Miroslav Popper, Ivan Lukšík, and Roger Ingham)
Introduction and Background
Subjective Meanings of Sex
Defining Sexual Satisfaction
The Study
Discussion and Conclusion
Appendix: Case Studies

Chapter 14. How Did It Happen the First Time? Sexual Initiation of
Secondary
School Students in Seven Postsocialist Countries (Ivan Bernik and Valentina
Hlebec)
Patterns of Youth Sexual Behavior in Postsocialist Societies: Some
Hypotheses
First Sexual Intercourse: Differences Among Seven Countries
First Sexual Intercourse As Gendered Experience
Conclusion: Postsocialist Patterns of Adolescent Sexuality?

Chapter 15. Contradictory Trends in Sexual Lives in St. Petersburg,
Estonia, and
Finland (Elina Haavio-Mannila, Anna Rotkirch, and Osmo Kontula)
Background
Research Materials
Three Dimensions of Sexuality
Procreational Sexuality
Recreational Sexuality
Relational Sexuality
Summary of the Findings
Discussion

Chapter 16. The Social Context of Sexual Health Among Young People in
Slovakia: Comparisons with the United Kingdom and The Netherlands (Miroslav
Popper, Gabriel Bianchi, Ivan Lukšík, Marianna Supeková, and Roger Ingham)

Introduction
Epistemological and Methodological Approach
Results
Discussion and Recommendations
Index
Reference Notes Included

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