The Shadow Economy: An International Survey

The Shadow Economy: An International Survey

by Friedrich Schneider, Dominik H. Enste
     
 

ISBN-10: 0521814081

ISBN-13: 9780521814089

Pub. Date: 03/17/2003

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Illicit work, social security fraud, economic crime and other shadow economy activities are fast becoming an international problem. This second edition uses new data to reassess currency demand and the model approach to estimate the size of the shadow economy in seventy-six developing, transition and OECD countries. This updated edition argues that during the 2000s

Overview

Illicit work, social security fraud, economic crime and other shadow economy activities are fast becoming an international problem. This second edition uses new data to reassess currency demand and the model approach to estimate the size of the shadow economy in seventy-six developing, transition and OECD countries. This updated edition argues that during the 2000s the average size of a shadow economy varied from 19% of GDP for OECDs, to 30% for transition countries and 45% for developing countries. It examines the causes and consequences of this development using an integrated approach explaining deviant behavior, which combines findings from economic, sociological and psychological research. The authors suggest that increasing taxation, social security contributions, rising state regulatory activities and the decline of the tax morale are all driving forces behind this growth and they propose a reform of state public institutions in order to improve the dynamics of the official economy.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780521814089
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Publication date:
03/17/2003
Pages:
238
Product dimensions:
5.98(w) x 8.98(h) x 0.87(d)

Table of Contents

1. The shadow economy: a challenge for economic and social policy; 2. Defining the shadow economy; 3. Methods to estimate the size of the shadow economy; 4. Size of shadow economies around the world; 5. The size of the shadow economy labour force; 6. An integrated approach to explain deviant behaviour; 7. Analysing the causes and measures of economic policy; 8. Effects of the increasing shadow economy; 9. The 'two-pillar strategy'; 10. Conclusion and outlook.

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