Shaping Primate Evolution: Form, Function, and Behavior

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Shaping Primate Evolution is an edited collection of papers about how biological form is described in primate biology, and the consequences of form for function and behavior. The contributors are internationally recognized scholars in the field of quantitative primate revolutionary morphology. Each chapter elaborates upon the analysis of the form-function-behavior triad. This book is distinctive not only in the diversity of the topics discussed, but also in the range of levels of biological organization that are addressed from cellular morphometrics to the evolution of primate ecology. Through the marriage of theory with analytical applications, this volume will be an important reference work for all those interested in primate functional morphology.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"The editors have assembled a volume of excellent contributions to the problems of primate morphology. They have also succeeded in portraying how Charles Oxnard's contributions, both tangible and intangible, continue to permeate the field of biological anthropology." American Journal of Human Biology
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Product Details

Table of Contents

Preface : shaping primate evolution
1 Charles Oxnard : an appreciation 1
2 The ontogeny of sexual dimorphism : the implications of longitudinal vs. cross-sectional data for studying heterochrony in mammals 11
3 Advances in the analysis of form and pattern : facial growth in African colobines 24
4 Cranial variation among the Asian colobines 45
5 Craniometric variation in early Homo compared to modern gorillas : a population-thinking approach 66
6 Fiber architecture, muscle function, and behavior : gluteal and hamstring muscles of semiterrestrial and arboreal guenons 99
7 Comparative fiber-type composition and size in the antigravity muscles of primate limbs 134
8 On the nature of morphology : selected canonical variates analyses of the hominoid hindtarsus and their interpretation 162
9 Plant mechanics and primate dental adaptations : an overview 193
10 Convergent evolution in brain "shape" and locomotion in primates 206
11 Jaw adductor force and symphyseal fusion 229
12 Hind limb drive, hind limb steering? : functional differences between fore and hind limbs in chimpanzee quadrupedalism 258
13 Becoming bipedal : how do theories of bipedalization stand up to anatomical scrutiny? 281
14 Modeling human walking as an inverted pendulum of varying length 297
15 Estimating the line of action of posteriorly inclined resultant jaw muscle forces in mammals using a model that minimizes functionally important distances in the skull 334
16 The evolution of primate ecology : patterns of geography and phylogeny 353
17 Charles Oxnard and the aye-aye : morphometrics, cladistics, and two very special primates 368
18 From "mathematical dissection of anatomies" to morphometrics : a twenty-first-century appreciations of Charles Oxnard 378
19 Design, level, interface, and complexity : morphometric interpretation revisited 391
20 Postscript and acknowledgments 415
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