Shaping Science and Technology Policy: The Next Generation of Research [NOOK Book]

Overview

With scientific progress occurring at a breathtaking pace, science and technology policy has never been more important than it is today. Yet there is a very real lack of public discourse about policy-making, and government involvement in science remains shrouded in both mystery and misunderstanding.  Who is making choices about technology policy, and who stands to win or lose from these choices?  What criteria are being used to make ...

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Shaping Science and Technology Policy: The Next Generation of Research

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Overview

With scientific progress occurring at a breathtaking pace, science and technology policy has never been more important than it is today. Yet there is a very real lack of public discourse about policy-making, and government involvement in science remains shrouded in both mystery and misunderstanding.  Who is making choices about technology policy, and who stands to win or lose from these choices?  What criteria are being used to make decisions and why?  Does government involvement help or hinder scientific research?  

Shaping Science and Technology Policy brings together an exciting and diverse group of emerging scholars, both practitioners and academic experts, to investigate current issues in science and technology policy.  Essays explore such topics as globalization, the shifting boundary between public and private, informed consent in human participation in scientific research, intellectual property and university science, and the distribution of the costs and benefits of research. 

Contributors: Charlotte Augst, Grant Black, Mark Brown, Kevin Elliott, Patrick Feng, Pamela M. Franklin, Carolyn Gideon, Tené N. Hamilton, Brian A. Jackson, Shobita Parthasarathy, Jason W. Patton, A. Abigail Payne, Bhaven Sampat, Christian Sandvig, Sheryl Winston Smith, Michael Whong-Barr

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780299219130
  • Publisher: University of Wisconsin Press
  • Publication date: 2/1/2007
  • Series: Science and Technology in Society
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Pages: 382
  • File size: 2 MB

Meet the Author

David H. Guston is professor of political science and associate director of the Consortium for Science, Policy, and Outcomes at Arizona State University.  He is the author of Between Politics and Science, winner of the American Political Science Association's Don K. Price Award.  Daniel Sarewitz is professor of science and society and director of the Consortium for Science, Policy, and Outcomes at Arizona State University.  His books include Frontiers of Illusion: Science, Technology and Politics of Progress.
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Table of Contents


<new recto>
Contents
Foreword
Lewis M. Branscomb 000
Acknowledgments 000
Introduction 3
Section 1: Shaping Policy
1. Ethics, Politics, and The Public: Shaping the Research Agenda
Mark Brown 000
2. Federal R&D: Shaping the National Investment Portfolio
Brian A. Jackson 000
3. Universities and Intellectual Property: Shaping a New Patent Policy for Government Funded Academic Research
Bhaven N. Sampat 000
4. Geography and Spillover: Shaping Innovation Policy through Small Business Research
Grant C. Black 000
Section 2: Shaping Science
5. EPA's Drinking Water Standards and the Shaping of Sound Science
Pamela M. Franklin 000
6. The Case of Chemical Hormesis: How Scientific Anomaly Shapes Environmental Science and Policy
Kevin Elliott 000
7. Earmarks and EPSCoR: Shaping the Distribution, Quality, and Quantity of University Research
A. Abigail Payne 000
8. Innovation in the U.S. Computer Equipment Industry: How Foreign R&D and International Trade Shape Domestic Innovation
Sheryl Winston Smith 000
Section 3: Shaping Technology
9. Shaping Technical Standards: Where Are the Users?
Patrick Feng 000
10. Technical Change for Social Ends: Shaping Transportation Infrastructures in U.S. Cities
Jason W. Patton 000
11. Shaping Infrastructure and Innovation on the Internet: The End-to-End Network That Isn't
Christian Sandvig 000
12. Technology Policy by Default: Shaping Communications Technology through Regulatory Policy
Carolyn Gideon 000
Section 4: Shaping Life
13. Engaging Diverse Communities in Genetics Policy: Who Gets to Shape the New Biotechnology?
Tené Hamilton Franklin 000
14. Informed Consent and the Shaping of British and U.S. Population-Based Genetic Research
Michael Barr 000
15. Embryos, Legislation, and Modernization: Shaping Life in the UK and German Parliaments
Charlotte Augst 000
16. Reconceptualizing Technology Transfer: The Challenge of Shaping an International System of Genetic Testing for Breast Cancer
Shobita Parthasarathy 000
About the Editors 000
About the Contributors 000
Index 000
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