Shaping Science and Technology Policy: The Next Generation of Research [NOOK Book]

Overview

With scientific progress occurring at a breathtaking pace, science and technology policy has never been more important than it is today. Yet there is a very real lack of public discourse about policy-making, and government involvement in science remains shrouded in both mystery and misunderstanding.  Who is making choices about technology policy, and who stands to win or lose from these choices?  What criteria are being used to make ...

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Shaping Science and Technology Policy: The Next Generation of Research

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Overview

With scientific progress occurring at a breathtaking pace, science and technology policy has never been more important than it is today. Yet there is a very real lack of public discourse about policy-making, and government involvement in science remains shrouded in both mystery and misunderstanding.  Who is making choices about technology policy, and who stands to win or lose from these choices?  What criteria are being used to make decisions and why?  Does government involvement help or hinder scientific research?  

Shaping Science and Technology Policy brings together an exciting and diverse group of emerging scholars, both practitioners and academic experts, to investigate current issues in science and technology policy.  Essays explore such topics as globalization, the shifting boundary between public and private, informed consent in human participation in scientific research, intellectual property and university science, and the distribution of the costs and benefits of research. 

Contributors: Charlotte Augst, Grant Black, Mark Brown, Kevin Elliott, Patrick Feng, Pamela M. Franklin, Carolyn Gideon, Tené N. Hamilton, Brian A. Jackson, Shobita Parthasarathy, Jason W. Patton, A. Abigail Payne, Bhaven Sampat, Christian Sandvig, Sheryl Winston Smith, Michael Whong-Barr

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"A fascinating study of how government policies help shape scientific research, how well governments use research in policymaking, and the challenges in making technology policy more susceptible to democratic deliberation and participation."—Gary C. Bryner, Brigham Young University

"For the first time since Vannevar Bush created the field in 1945, a generation of young scholars is turning to science policy as a place to build long-term careers. Their voices often differ from the scientific leaders with decades of laboratory experience that they are replacing. They are often more attuned to societal concerns, more aware of the challenges of globalization, and more sensitive to the nuances and complexities of science policy in the twenty-first century. This book introduces us to some of their best and brightest minds."—Clark Miller, University of Wisconsin–Madison

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780299219130
  • Publisher: University of Wisconsin Press
  • Publication date: 2/1/2007
  • Series: Science and Technology in Society
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Pages: 382
  • File size: 2 MB

Meet the Author

David H. Guston is professor of political science and associate director of the Consortium for Science, Policy, and Outcomes at Arizona State University.  He is the author of Between Politics and Science, winner of the American Political Science Association's Don K. Price Award.  Daniel Sarewitz is professor of science and society and director of the Consortium for Science, Policy, and Outcomes at Arizona State University.  His books include Frontiers of Illusion: Science, Technology and Politics of Progress.
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Table of Contents

<new recto> Contents Foreword Lewis M. Branscomb 000 Acknowledgments 000 Introduction 3 Section 1: Shaping Policy 1. Ethics, Politics, and The Public: Shaping the Research Agenda Mark Brown 000 2. Federal R&D: Shaping the National Investment Portfolio Brian A. Jackson 000 3. Universities and Intellectual Property: Shaping a New Patent Policy for Government Funded Academic Research Bhaven N. Sampat 000 4. Geography and Spillover: Shaping Innovation Policy through Small Business Research Grant C. Black 000 Section 2: Shaping Science 5. EPA's Drinking Water Standards and the Shaping of Sound Science Pamela M. Franklin 000 6. The Case of Chemical Hormesis: How Scientific Anomaly Shapes Environmental Science and Policy Kevin Elliott 000 7. Earmarks and EPSCoR: Shaping the Distribution, Quality, and Quantity of University Research A. Abigail Payne 000 8. Innovation in the U.S. Computer Equipment Industry: How Foreign R&D and International Trade Shape Domestic Innovation Sheryl Winston Smith 000 Section 3: Shaping Technology 9. Shaping Technical Standards: Where Are the Users? Patrick Feng 000 10. Technical Change for Social Ends: Shaping Transportation Infrastructures in U.S. Cities Jason W. Patton 000 11. Shaping Infrastructure and Innovation on the Internet: The End-to-End Network That Isn't Christian Sandvig 000 12. Technology Policy by Default: Shaping Communications Technology through Regulatory Policy Carolyn Gideon 000 Section 4: Shaping Life 13. Engaging Diverse Communities in Genetics Policy: Who Gets to Shape the New Biotechnology? Tené Hamilton Franklin 000 14. Informed Consent and the Shaping of British and U.S. Population-Based Genetic Research Michael Barr 000 15. Embryos, Legislation, and Modernization: Shaping Life in the UK and German Parliaments Charlotte Augst 000 16. Reconceptualizing Technology Transfer: The Challenge of Shaping an International System of Genetic Testing for Breast Cancer Shobita Parthasarathy 000 About the Editors 000 About the Contributors 000 Index 000
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