Shield and Sword: The United States Navy and the Persian Gulf War

Shield and Sword: The United States Navy and the Persian Gulf War

by Edward J. Marolda
     
 

ISBN-10: 0160494761

ISBN-13: 9780160494765

Pub. Date: 03/01/1999

Publisher: United States Government Printing Office

Since the UN coalition's victory in Operation Desert Storm in 1991, journalists, generals, and historians have focused on the air blitz against Iraq and General Norman Schwarzkopf's "Hail Mary" maneuver around the desert flank of the Iraqi army, while the U.S. Navy has received relatively little attention. This book highlights the Navy's vital contribution to winning…  See more details below

Overview

Since the UN coalition's victory in Operation Desert Storm in 1991, journalists, generals, and historians have focused on the air blitz against Iraq and General Norman Schwarzkopf's "Hail Mary" maneuver around the desert flank of the Iraqi army, while the U.S. Navy has received relatively little attention. This book highlights the Navy's vital contribution to winning the GulfWar.

The work also emphasizes that the U.S. Navy's presence and actions in the Persian Gulf in the years before the war helped the Bush administration persuade the Arab nations of the region and American's traditional allies to join the international effort against Iraq. Similarly, the navy has been an essential instrument of U.S. foreign policy since the end of Desert storm. As we can go to press in fall 1998, U.S. naval forces stand ready once again to carry out their political-military mission of compelling Iraqi compliance with UN resolutions against the development of weapons of mass destruction.

The work stresses the Navy's involvement in joint and multinational operations. Ironically, the U.S. Navy worked long and hard during the Cold War preparing for armageddon at sea against the Soviet navy, a confrontation that navy envisioned fighting virtually alone. Actual operations were quite different. In the wars in Korea and Vietnam and the hostilities in Lebanon, Grenada, the Persian Gulf (1987-1988), and Panama, the navy routinely operated with U.S. ground and air forces and those of its global allies. Since this was also true of the GulfWar. We have elaborated on the Navy's interaction with the other U.S. armed services and with the navies of America's coalition partners.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780160494765
Publisher:
United States Government Printing Office
Publication date:
03/01/1999
Pages:
1
Product dimensions:
70.00(w) x 10.25(h) x 1.50(d)

Table of Contents

Forewordxiii
Prefacexv
Acknowledgmentsxvii
Chapter 1.Passage to Desert Shield3
America and the Persian Gulf in the Early Years4
Creation and Evolution of Central Command13
Legacy of the Vietnam War20
Rebirth of the Fleet and the Maritime Strategy25
The Tanker War32
End of the Cold War40
The Iraq-Kuwait Crisis43
The Invasion of Kuwait52
Decision to Intervene54
Chapter 2.Building the Shield59
Holding the Line59
Window of Vulnerability66
The Naval Command79
The Embargo83
Sealift96
Fleet and Shore-based Logistic Support102
Shield in Place110
Chapter 3.The Gathering Storm111
Over to the Attack111
Naval Deployments to the Gulf121
Deployment of the VII Corps and the Phase II Buildup131
Preparations for War135
Continuing Operations146
Life in the War Zone153
Countdown to War163
Chapter 4.Attack by Air and Sea167
The Desert Storm Plan and Composite Warfare Doctrine167
The Air Campaign: D-Day and D+1170
Problems of the Air Campaign183
The Great Scud Hunt196
Deluge from Above198
Fleet Defense and the Allied Right Flank202
Storm in the Northern Gulf210
Saddam Strikes Back226
Bubiyan Turkey Shoot229
Chapter 5.Preparing the Battlefield233
"First we're going to cut it off,..."233
Interdiction236
Kill Boxes238
Gauging the Effectiveness of Phase III Air Attacks241
The Strategic Air Campaign in February245
The Right Feint247
Ground Forces Move into Attack Positions269
Eleventh Hour Measures274
Chapter 6.The Final Assault277
Preliminary Operations277
G-Day282
Closing on the Iraqi Army in Kuwait292
Rout of the Iraqi Army297
An Aerial and Armored Blitz Ends the War302
Temporary Cease-Fire304
Chapter 7.After the Storm307
Defense of Kuwait307
Safwan309
The Prisoner Release312
Reconstruction of Kuwait314
Postwar Mine Countermeasures320
Redeployment of Central Command Forces325
Military Sealift Command Empties the Desert329
The Welcome Home331
Reorganization of Navcent334
Enforcing the Peace337
Chapter 8.Summary355
Prologue to the War355
Navy Shortcomings358
Hardening the Shield360
Increasing the Pressure on Saddam362
Gearing Up for Battle365
Littoral Combat in the Persian Gulf369
The Air War369
The Maritime Assault on Kuwait376
Maintaining Peace and Learning from the Gulf War Experience381
Abbreviations387
Notes393
Bibliography449
Index491
Maps
Central Command Theater6
Indian Ocean15
Tanker War Operations34
The Air Assault on Iraq171
UN Naval Forces in the Persian Gulf, 17 January 1991177
Iraqi Air Attack in the Gulf, 24 January 1991206
Naval Operations in the Northern Gulf, 17 January-2 February 1991211
Kill Boxes in the KTO239
Desert Storm Mine Clearance Operations248
Disposition of Iraqi Ground Divisions, 23 February 1991271
Ground Assault on Southern Kuwait, 24-28 February 1991278
UN Naval Forces in the Persian Gulf, 24 February 1991281
Liberation of Kuwait291
Reopening of Kuwait321
Tables
1.Iraq's Navy68
2.Navcent Command Structure (18 August to 26 December)84
3.Navy Special Warfare Forces in Desert Shield and Desert Storm122
4.Port Security and Harbor Defense Command124
5.Navcent Command Structure (26 December 1990 onward)139
6.North Arabian Gulf Mine Statistics324

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