Shooting to Kill: Policing, Firearms and Armed Response / Edition 1

Paperback (Print)
Buy New
Buy New from
Used and New from Other Sellers
Used and New from Other Sellers
from $39.00
Usually ships in 1-2 business days
(Save 23%)
Other sellers (Paperback)
  • All (9) from $39.00   
  • New (5) from $39.00   
  • Used (4) from $43.96   


In a few terrifying moments at Stockwell tube station in 2005, eight shots fired by armed police officers ended the life of an innocent Brazilian, Jean Charles de Menezes. This incident resulted in the termination of a cautiously developed compromise regarding the arming and deployment of police officers, and the 'rules of engagement' within which they operated. The Independent Police Complaints Commission subsequently called for a thorough and wide-ranging public debate about the police use of firearms in the UK.

Shooting to Kill? Policing, Firearms and Armed Response represents a valuable contribution to this ongoing debate. The authors combine their expertise to identify the key drivers of police armed response policy. They identify the historical phases in the police use of firearms, showing how policing in a 'gun culture' and the post-9/11 era have come to shape contemporary police paramilitarism, and exploring the contradictions and ambiguities this presents for armed response policy and practice. Finally, by addressing six controversial police armed response case studies - including an in-depth analysis of the Stockwell shooting - the authors draw out the broader tensions, uncertainties, and dilemmas that arise in this most difficult and controversial area of policing.

Both provocative and timely, Shooting to Kill? Policing, Firearms and Armed Response provides readers with a wealth of information for reflection and consideration about how choices made now will affect a twenty-first century world.

Read More Show Less

Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"In summary, Squires and Kennison's book gives detailed and useful accounts of some of the major police shooting incidents of the last 20 years and some of the controversy and problems that surrounded them, particularly with regard to failures in police operations will no doubt be of interest to a wide audience of students and policy makers concerned to understand more about such a widely misunderstood subject." (British Journal of Criminology, January 2011)
Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780470779279
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 5/10/2010
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 260
  • Product dimensions: 6.50 (w) x 9.50 (h) x 0.60 (d)

Meet the Author

Peter Squires is Professor of Criminology and Public Policy at the University of Brighton. He has published a number of books, including Gun Culture or Gun Control and Community Safety. Squires’ recent work has focused upon gun crime and policing, and gangs and anti-social behaviour.

Peter Kennison was a Senior Lecturer in the Department of Criminology and Sociology at Middlesex University. He was also Undergraduate Programme Leader for Criminal Justice and Criminology, and Policing. Kennison was a police officer in London for over 25 years.

Read More Show Less

Table of Contents

Preface vii

About the Authors xi

Acknowledgements xiii

List of Abbreviations xv

1 Introduction: The Hardest Job in Policing? 1

Shots Around the World 4

Controversy 8

Changes, Mistakes and Learning in Police Circles 9

Contexts, Command, Frequencies and Victims 16

Structure and Contents 20

Timeline on Police Weapons and Firearms 23

2 The Shooting of Jean Charles de Menezes and 'Operation Kratos' 31

Stockwell, 22 July 36

Briefing and Kratos 41

3 Old Myths and Changing Realities 53

Discourses Within and About Policing 53

Tooling Up? 55

Driving out the Dixon Myth 58

New Problems and 'Exceptional' Measures 64

4 Shootings, Policy Shifts and Competing Pressures 71

Continuing Official Caution 75

Hungerford 76

Tragedy and Farce 78

After Hungerford 80

'Event Driven' or 'Gun Driven' 81

Shooting to Kill? 83

Men, Guns and Ammo 89

Replica Arguments and Replica Weapons 92

5 Police Politics and Morale 97

Hanging, Shooting and Opinion Polling 97

Click by Click? 100

The 'Greatest British Defeat since Dunkirk' 104

New Frontiers and Supply Side Questions 107

The Most Important Decision for the Future of British Policing - Since Last Year 109

War and Order: The New Continuum of Force 114

The Dunblane Primary School Massacre and its Aftermath 115

6 Policing in a 'Gun Culture'? Policing of Guns and Policing with Guns 117

Unpacking the Notion of a 'Gun Culture' 122

Guns and Gangs 124

Gang Studies and 'Cultures of Violence' 126

Policing and Enforcement Action in 'Gangland' 133

Gun Crime Hotspots and 'Problem-oriented Policing' 136

Operation Ceasefire 138

Bringing It All Back Home: 'Gunchester' 141

Policing of Guns, Policing with Guns 142

7 Intelligence Dilemmas, Armed Response Policy and Research 147

Gang Culture and the 'Trident Model' 149

From Reactive to Proactive 150

Intelligence-led Dilemmas 152

Research on Recent Police Shootings 159

8 Critical Case Studies of Selected Police-involved Shooting Incidents 165

The Shooting of James Ashley in Hastings, 1998 166

The Shooting of Harry Stanley, 1999 171

The Shooting of Andrew Kernan, 2001 177

Caution at Highmoor Cross, 2004 181

Ambush at Chandler's Ford, 2007 184

9 Concluding Themes: Losing by Appearing to Win? 193

Bibliography 205

Index 227

Read More Show Less

Customer Reviews

Average Rating 1
( 2 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star


4 Star


3 Star


2 Star


1 Star


Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation


  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously

    If you find inappropriate content, please report it to Barnes & Noble
    Why is this product inappropriate?
    Comments (optional)