A Short History of Distributive Justice / Edition 1

A Short History of Distributive Justice / Edition 1

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by Samuel Fleischacker
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0674018311

ISBN-13: 9780674018310

Pub. Date: 09/06/2005

Publisher: Harvard

Distributive justice in its modern sense calls on the state to guarantee that everyone is supplied with a certain level of material means. Samuel Fleischacker argues that guaranteeing aid to the poor is a modern idea, developed only in the last two centuries.

Earlier notions of justice, including Aristotle's, were concerned with the distribution of political

Overview

Distributive justice in its modern sense calls on the state to guarantee that everyone is supplied with a certain level of material means. Samuel Fleischacker argues that guaranteeing aid to the poor is a modern idea, developed only in the last two centuries.

Earlier notions of justice, including Aristotle's, were concerned with the distribution of political office, not of property. It was only in the eighteenth century, in the work of philosophers such as Adam Smith and Immanuel Kant, that justice began to be applied to the problem of poverty. To attribute a longer pedigree to distributive justice is to fail to distinguish between justice and charity.

Fleischacker explains how confusing these principles has created misconceptions about the historical development of the welfare state. Socialists, for instance, often claim that modern economics obliterated ancient ideals of equality and social justice. Free-market promoters agree but applaud the apparent triumph of skepticism and social-scientific rigor. Both interpretations overlook the gradual changes in thinking that yielded our current assumption that justice calls for everyone, if possible, to be lifted out of poverty. By examining major writings in ancient, medieval, and modern political philosophy, Fleischacker shows how we arrived at the contemporary meaning of distributive justice.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780674018310
Publisher:
Harvard
Publication date:
09/06/2005
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
204
Product dimensions:
6.12(w) x 9.25(h) x 0.43(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments

Abbreviations

Introduction

1. From Aristotle to Adam Smith

1. Two Kinds of Justice

2. The Right of Necessity

3. Property Rights

4. Communal Experiments and Utopian Writings

5. Poor Laws

2. The Eighteenth Century

1. Citizen Equality: Rousseau

2. Changing Our Picture of the Poor: Smith

3. The Equal Worth of Human Beings: Kant

4. To the Vendôme Palais de Justice: Babeuf

3. From Babeuf to Rawls

1. Reaction

2. Positivists

3. Marx

4. Utilitarians

5. Rawls

6. After Rawls

Epilogue

Notes

Bibliography

Index

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