Short-Tailed Fruit Bat: A Study in Plant-Animal Interactions / Edition 2

Short-Tailed Fruit Bat: A Study in Plant-Animal Interactions / Edition 2

by Theodore H. Fleming
     
 

ISBN-10: 0226253287

ISBN-13: 9780226253282

Pub. Date: 10/28/1988

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

As dusk settles over the Costa Rican forest, the short-tailed fruit bat, Carollia perspicillata, stirs from its cave roost. Flying out to search for ripe fruit, Carollia returns to a night roost in the forest vegetation to eat. After a few such flights Carollia rests, and the fruits pass through its short digestive tract. The seeds are excreted

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Overview

As dusk settles over the Costa Rican forest, the short-tailed fruit bat, Carollia perspicillata, stirs from its cave roost. Flying out to search for ripe fruit, Carollia returns to a night roost in the forest vegetation to eat. After a few such flights Carollia rests, and the fruits pass through its short digestive tract. The seeds are excreted onto the ground, to be eaten in turn by mice and insects, but a few are pushed into crevices where they await the necessary conditions for germination.

In The Short-tailed Fruit Bat, Theodore Fleming examines Carollia's role in the ecology of tropical forests. Based on more than ten years' research, this study provides the most detailed ecological and evolutionary account to date of the life history of a Neotropical mammal and includes striking photographs of the bats in flight.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780226253282
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
Publication date:
10/28/1988
Series:
Wildlife Behavior and Ecology Series
Edition description:
1
Pages:
380
Product dimensions:
6.34(w) x 9.34(h) x 1.29(d)

Table of Contents

Preface
1. Evolution and Ecology of Phyllostomid Bats
1.1. Introduction
1.2. Diversity, Evolutionary History, and Zoogeography
1.3. Basic Biology of the Phyllostomidae
1.4. General Physiology
1.5. Behavioral Ecology of the Phyllostomidae

1.6. Carollia perspicillata and Its Relatives
1.7. Summary
2. Mutualistic Interactions between Bats and Plants
2.1. Introduction
2.2. Mutualism as a Conflict of Interests
2.3. Pollination and Frugivory Mutualisms and the Evolution of Angiosperms
2.4. The Outcomes of Bat-Plant Diffuse Coevolution
2.5. Summary
3. The Study Area
3.1. Introduction
3.2. History of Santa Rosa National Park
3.3. Climate
3.4. Habitats at Santa Rosa and La Pacifica
3.5. Density and Dispersion Patterns of Bat Plants at Santa Rosa
3.6. Phenology of Tropical Dry Forest Plants
3.7. Summary
4. Demography
4.1. Introduction
4.2. Our Bat Capture Effort
4.3. Marking Techniques
4.4. Recaptures
4.5. Roosting Ecology
4.6. Population Sizes
4.7. Patterns of Body Size
4.8. Reproductive Biology
4.9. Growth and Development of Juveniles
4.10. Sex Ratio and Gross Age Structure
4.11. Survivorship
4.12. A Life and Fecundity Table
4.13. Evolutionary Aspects of Carollia's Demography
4.14. Summary
5. Social Organization
5.1. Introduction
5.2. Sources of Data
5.3. Social Dispersion Patterns
5.4. Carollia's Mating System
5.5. Behavioral Interactions
5.6. Dispersal Patterns and Roost Fidelity
5.7. Genetic Structure
5.8. Evolutionary Aspects of Carollia's Social Organization
5.9. Summary
6. Diet and Food Choice
6.1. Introduction
6.2. Sources of Data
6.3. Patterns of Resource Use
6.4. Diet at Santa Rosa
6.5. Food-Handling Behavior
6.6. Diet Selectivity and Fruit Preferences
6.7. Energetics and Food Choice
6.8. Evolutionary Aspects of Food Choice
6.9. Summary
7. Foraging Behavior
7.1. Introduction
7.2. Sources of Data
7.3. The Basic Foraging Pattern
7.4. Factors Influencing Foraging Behavior
7.5. Mechanisms of Food Location
7.6. Foraging Patterns at the Roost Level
7.7. Evolutionary Aspects of Carollia's Foraging Behavior
7.8. Summary
8. Energetics
8.1. Introduction
8.2. Sources of Data
8.3. The Daily Activity Cycle
8.4. Daily Energy Budgets
8.5. Energetics and Foraging Distances
8.6. Summary
9. Ecological Relationships with Other Animals
9.1. Introduction
9.2. Sources of Data
9.3. Competitive Relationships
9.4. Predators and Parasites
9.5. Conclusions

9.6. Summary
10. Botanical Consequences of Carollia's Foraging Behavior
10.1. Introduction
10.2. Sources of Data
10.3. The Effects of Bat-Gut Passage on Seed Germination
10.4. Average Dispersal Distances
10.5. Seed Rain around and away from Fruiting Plants
10.6. The Fate of Excreted Seeds
10.7. Colonization of a Linear "Gap"
10.8. Secondary Succession in Tropical Dry Forest
10.9. The Genetic Structure of Piper Populations
10.10. Carollia perspicillata and the Concept of Seed-Dispersal Quality
10.11. Summary
11. Bats, Frugivores, and Tropical Forests
11.1. Introduction
11.2. The Comparative Ecology of Frugivorous Bats
11.3. The Functional Role of Frugiovrous Bats in Tropical Ecosystems
11.4. Conclusions
11.5. Summary
Appendixes
1. Plants Producing Fruits and Flowers Used for Food by Bats at Santa Rosa
2. Bats of Santa Rosa National Park
3. Estimates of Fruit Biomass in Prime Habitats
4. Recorded Bat Captures at Santa Rosa, 1974-84
5. Summary of the Bat Capture Effect, 1974-84
6. Summary of Allele Frequencies by Site, Years Combined
7. Known Species of Plants in the Diet of Carollia perspicillata
8. Fecal-Sample Records from Bats at Santa Rosa, 1974-84
Literature Cited
Author Index
Subject Index

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