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Sickness and Health in America: Readings in the History of Medicine and Public Health / Edition 3

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Overview

An invaluable resource for students, scholars, and general readers, this highly regarded and widely used social history of medicine and public health in the United States is now available in a third edition. Extensively revised and updated, it includes twenty-one new essays; graphs illustrating the rise in deaths caused by HIV, homicide, and suicide; and a greatly expanded Guide to Further Reading. Entirely new sections on Sickness and Health, Early American Medicine, Therapeutics, the Art of Medicine, and Public Health and Personal Hygiene have been added, supplementing updated sections on the Science of Medicine, Education, the Allied Health Professions, Image and Income, Institutions, Race and Medicine, Epidemics, Public Health Reform, and Public Health and Medical Theory. An introductory essay and a series of historical photographs complement the articles.

The book contains black-and-white illustrations.

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Editorial Reviews

Doody's Review Service
Reviewer: S. Edwards Dismuke, MD, MPH (University of Kansas School of Medicine)
Description: This third edition book of 36 short essays on the history of medicine and public health in America follows the second edition by 12 years.
Purpose: Its purpose is to present a broad and updated version of its last edition. Because of a rapidly expanding field with multiple new publications and widening health concerns of the general population, the book is a timely addition to American healthcare history.
Audience: Although not stated explicitly, the book is apparently designed as an introductory reader for basic courses in the history of American medicine and public health. In fact, the book should find a broad general readership ranging from historians to health science profession to lay readers who wish to be more informed and less "in awe" of American healthcare.
Features: Although pictures, graphs and figures are somewhat limited, this 600-page book is well referenced and includes a 10 page guide to further reading that is divided into general and topical subjects. The book includes an 8-page historical overview of health and sickness in America, 14 sections with brief introductions, and 36 readings prepared by 35 highly reputable authors.
Assessment: In this time of rapid and significant change in American healthcare, it is important to place our period in historical perspective. This book provides such a perspective and does so in a most entertaining way. This third edition is significantly updated from its predecessor. Twenty-one of the 36 essays have been replaced and 5 new clusters of essays have been added. The overview includes new data from the 1980s and 1990s. No standardized format is followed and each essay has its strengths and weaknesses. Overall, this work is an excellent overview that makes for interesting reading.
S. Edwards Dismuke
This third edition book of 36 short essays on the history of medicine and public health in America follows the second edition by 12 years. Its purpose is to present a broad and updated version of its last edition. Because of a rapidly expanding field with multiple new publications and widening health concerns of the general population, the book is a timely addition to American healthcare history. Although not stated explicitly, the book is apparently designed as an introductory reader for basic courses in the history of American medicine and public health. In fact, the book should find a broad general readership ranging from historians to health science profession to lay readers who wish to be more informed and less ""in awe"" of American healthcare. Although pictures, graphs and figures are somewhat limited, this 600-page book is well referenced and includes a 10 page guide to further reading that is divided into general and topical subjects. The book includes an 8-page historical overview of health and sickness in America, 14 sections with brief introductions, and 36 readings prepared by 35 highly reputable authors. In this time of rapid and significant change in American healthcare, it is important to place our period in historical perspective. This book provides such a perspective and does so in a most entertaining way. This third edition is significantly updated from its predecessor. Twenty-one of the 36 essays have been replaced and 5 new clusters of essays have been added. The overview includes new data from the 1980s and 1990s. No standardized format is followed and each essay has its strengths and weaknesses. Overall, this work is an excellent overview that makes forinteresting reading.

4 Stars! from Doody
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780299153243
  • Publisher: University of Wisconsin Press
  • Publication date: 4/28/1997
  • Edition description: REVISED
  • Edition number: 3
  • Pages: 600
  • Sales rank: 778,022
  • Product dimensions: 7.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 1.30 (d)

Meet the Author

Judith Walzer Leavitt is professor of history of medicine, history of science, and women’s studies and the associate dean for faculty at the medical school, University of Wisconsin–Madison. Her many books include The Healthiest City and Women and Health in America, both also available from the University of Wisconsin Press, and Typhoid Mary.  Ronald L. Numbers is William Coleman Professor of the History of Science and Medicine, University of Wisconsin–Madison. His many books include The Creationists, God and Nature, and Caring and Curing.

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Table of Contents

Preface to the Third Edition
Sickness and Health: An Overview 3
1 American Physicians "Discovery" of Homosexuals, 1880-1900: A New Diagnosis in a Changing Society 13
2 Black Lung: Miners' Militancy and Medical Uncertainty, 1968-1972 32
3 Medicine in New England 47
4 Martha Moore Ballard and the Medical Challenge to Midwifery 72
5 From Specificity to Universalism in Medical Therapeutics: Transformation in the 19th-Century United States 87
6 The Introduction of Antibiotics into Therapeutics 102
7 Divided We Stand: Physiologists and Clinicians in the American Context 115
8 The Maturation of American Medical Science 130
9 "A Worrying Profession": The Domestic Environment of Medical Practice in Mid-19th-Century America 145
10 Seeing Themselves at Work: Physicians and the Case Narrative in the Mid-19th-Century American South 161
11 The German Model of Training: Physicians in the United States, 1870-1914: How Closely Was It Followed? 189
12 Abraham Flexner in Perspective: American Medical Education, 1865-1910 200
13 The "Connecting Link": The Case for the Woman Doctor in 19th-Century America 213
14 The Fall and Rise of the American Medical Profession 225
15 The Training and Practice of Midwives: A Wisconsin Study 237
16 "Neither for the Drawing Room nor for the Kitchen": Private Duty Nursing in Boston, 1873-1920 253
17 The Third Party: Health Insurance in America 269
18 American Medicine's Golden Age: What Happened to It? 284
19 Social Class and Medical Care in 19th Century America: The Rise and Fall of the Dispensary 309
20 Patrons, Practitioners, and Patients: The Voluntary Hospital in Mid-Victorian Boston 323
21 The Severely and Chronically Mentally Ill in America: Retrospect and Prospect 334
22 Black Health on the Plantation: Masters, Slaves, and Physicians 351
23 Roots of the Black Hospital Reform Movement 369
24 Racism and Research: The Case of the Tuskegee Syphilis Study 392
25 "Be Safe. Be Sure": New York City's Experience with Epidemic Smallpox 407
26 Social Impact of Disease in the Late 19th Century 418
27 AIDS in Historical Perspective: Four Lessons from the History of Sexually Transmitted Diseases 426
28 Sanitary Reform in New York City: Stephen Smith and the Passage of the Metropolitan Health Bill 437
29 The Decline in Mortality in Philadelphia from 1870 to 1930: The Role of Municipal Services 452
30 The Early Movement for Occupational Safety and Health, 1900-1917 467
31 The Design of Reform: The Public Bath Movement in America 485
32 The Cigarette, Risk, and American Culture 494
33 The Private Side of Public Health: Sanitary Science, Domestic Hygiene, and the Germ Theory, 1870-1900 506
34 Raising and Watering a City: Ellis Sylvester Chesbrough and Chicago's First Sanitation System 531
35 Dirt, Flies, and Immigrants: Explaining the Epidemiology of Poliomyelitis, 1900-1916 543
36 "Typhoid Mary" Strikes Back: Bacteriological Theory and Practice in Early 20th-Century Public Health 555
A Guide to Further Reading 575
Abbreviations of Journal Titles 585
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