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This is a new and freshly published edition of this culturally important work by United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration ...
This is a new and freshly published edition of this culturally important work by United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, which is now, at last, again available to you.
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The goals of the Bioscience Program are: (1) to determine if extraterrestrial life exists anywhere in the solar system and to study its origin, nature, and level of development, if it is present; (2) to determine the effects of space and planetary environments on Earth organisms, including man; (3) to conduct biological research to develop life support and protective measures for extended manned space flight; and (4) to develop fundamental theories in biology relative to origin, development, and relationship to environment.
...Investigation of the solar system for exotic life forms, the environmental extremes to which Earth organisms (including man) are being exposed, the possibilities for modification of planetary environments by biological techniques yet to be developed, and the problems of communication in biosystems are areas which have required refinement of the theoretical framework of biology before progress could be made rapidly enough to keep pace with technological advances in transportation.
...Such flights of biosatellites and other suitable spacecraft are expected to: (1) establish biological specifications for extending the duration of manned space flight; (2) provide a flexible means of testing unforeseen contingencies, thus providing an effective biological backup for manned missions; (3) yield experimental data more rapidly by virtue of the greater number and expendability of subjects; (4) anticipate possible delayed effects appearing in later life or in subsequent generations, through use of animal subjects with more rapid development and aging; (5) develop and test new physiological instrumentation techniques, surgical preparations, prophylactic techniques, and therapeutic procedures which are not possible on human subjects; and (6) provide a broad background of experience and data which will permit more accurate interpretations of observed effects of space flight on living organisms, including man.