Singing Krishna: Sound Becomes Sight in Paramanand's Poetry


Introduces Paramanand, one of India’s poet-saints, his work, and this work’s use in ritual.
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Introduces Paramanand, one of India’s poet-saints, his work, and this work’s use in ritual.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
“Singing Krishna is a densely packed combination of beautiful translations and complex literary deconstruction, analyzing the meanings, metaphors and effects of Paramanand’s poetry. Sanford has added not only to the body of translated devotional poetry of Braj, but also to the ongoing efforts of scholars of religion to clarify a particular type of religious experience.” — International Journal of Hindu Studies

“…Sanford’s analysis of Paramanand’s work is certainly valuable and goes a long way toward unpacking the intense devotional experience of bhakti and the traditions of the Vallabha Sampraday.” — Religion

“…Sanford’s contribution expands our understanding of the Astachap genre.” — Journal of Asian Studies

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780791473962
  • Publisher: State University of New York Press
  • Publication date: 1/1/2009
  • Pages: 218
  • Product dimensions: 5.80 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Meet the Author

A. Whitney Sanford is Assistant Professor of Religion at the University of Florida.

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Table of Contents



A Critical Perspective
The Research Context
The Experience of the Temple
Situated Poetry: Sound Becoming Sight
Plan for the Book: Following the Cycles

1. Paramānand’s Poetic World

About Paramānand’s Poetry
Paramānand’s Poetic Environment
Serving Krishna
Synaesthesia, Metaphor, and Transformation

2. The End of the Night: Poetry, Memory, and Culture

Śayan: While Braj Sleeps
Paramānand’s World
Theater of Memory
Mangalā—Krishna Rises

3. Krishna’s Morning Games: Creating Intimacy through Treachery

Gvāl—Boyhood Play
The Gopī’s Complaints to Yaśodā
Mixed Bhāvas
Shattered Boundaries and Spilled Milk: Metonymies of Love

4. Afternoon: Experiencing the Food of Love

Rājbhog—A Lunchtime Tryst in the Forest
Mahātmya: Separation during the Afternoon Watch
Public and Private Līlā
Utthāpan—Āvanī: Krishna’s Arrival in Braj
Exemplars of Bhāva: The Cows and the Gopīs
Bhog and Sandhyāratī—The Connoisseur of Rasa
Eats and Goes to Bed

5. Night: Playing the Game of Love

Śayan Māna—Divine Jealousy
The Sakhī’s Counsel to Rādhā about Her Sulking and Pride
Setting the Stage: A Romantic Evening and the Beauty of the Lovers
The Sakhī’s Warning
The Sakhī’s Message to Krishna
The Resolution of Māna
Krishna’s Māna
The Sakhī in Māna Poems

6. Autumn to Spring: Gopīs, Birds, and the Moon

Śarad: The Autumn Full Moon
Hemant: Vows of the Cold Winter
Vasant: Spring and Holī

7. Summer—Seeing Reality: The Synaesthetic Transformation

Grīsma: The Hot Season
Vars: The Rainy Season
Back to the Beginning

Works Cited

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