The SIOP Model for Teaching History-Social Studies to English Learners

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Enhance your History-Social Studies content instruction with the SIOP Model and transform the academic English and content area skills of your English learners.

Based on the best-selling resource, Making Content Comprehensible for English Learners: The SIOP Model by acclaimed authors Jana Echevarria, MaryEllen Vogt, and Deborah Short; teachers, coaches, and intervention teachers have access to research-based, SIOP-tested techniques for lessons specifically for the History-Social Studies classrooms. This highly anticipated book, The SIOP Model for Teaching History-Social Studies to English Learners addresses the issues faced in teaching history-social studies to English learners (ELs) at each grade-level. SIOP techniques and activities organized around the eight SIOP components guide educators in promoting academic language development along with comprehensible content.

Written for SIOP teachers and those who have learned the SIOP Model, this book includes proven, effective lessons and comprehensive units. In addition, this book provides ideas to adapt the techniques for students at different levels of English proficiency. This book is sure to become an indispensable resource for history-social studies educators of English learners.

  • Presents a systematic process for teaching both the academic content of history-social studies and its associated academic language to English learners.
  • Offers ideas and activities about teaching history-social studies and organizes activities by grade-bands–K-2, 3-5 (or 6), 6-8, and 9-12 and SIOP components.
  • Provides use-tomorrow ideas and activities for implementing the eight components of the SIOP Model in a history-social studies classroom.
  • Includes lesson plans and comprehensive units that illustrate how a particular activity can be effective for ALL students, not just English learners.
  • Create the ideal SIOP classroom with other resourcesfrom the SIOP Model Series: 99 Ideas and Activities for Teaching English Learners with the SIOP Model; Implementing the SIOP Model through Effective Coaching and Professional Development; The SIOP Model for Administrators; Making Content Comprehensible for Elementary English Learners; and Making Content Comprehensible for Secondary English Learners ; The SIOP Model for Teaching Math to English Learners; The SIOP Model for Teaching English - Language Arts to English Learners; and The SIOP Model for Teaching Science to English Learners (all published by Pearson)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780205627615
  • Publisher: Pearson
  • Publication date: 8/13/2010
  • Series: SIOP Series
  • Pages: 240
  • Sales rank: 229,229
  • Product dimensions: 8.40 (w) x 10.70 (h) x 0.60 (d)

Meet the Author

Deborah J. Short is a professional development consultant and a senior research associate at the Center for Applied Linguistics in Washington, DC. She co-developed the SIOP® Model for sheltered instruction and has directed national research studies on English language learn-ers funded by the Carnegie Corporation, the Rockefeller Foundation, and the U.S. Dept. of Education. She recently chaired an expert panel on adolescent ELL literacy. As the director of Academic Language Research & Training, Dr. Short provides professional development on sheltered instruction and academic literacy around the U.S. and abroad. She has numerous publications, including the SIOP® book series and five ESL textbook series for National Geographic/Hampton-Brown. She has taught English as a second/foreign language in New York, California, Virginia, and the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Jana Echevarría is a Professor Emerita at California State University, Long Beach. She has taught in elementary, middle, and high schools in general education, special education, ESL, and bilingual programs. She has lived in Taiwan, Spain and Mexico. An internationally known expert on second language learners, Dr. Echevarría is a Fulbright Specialist. Her research and publications focus on effective instruction for English learners, including those with learning disabilities. Currently, she is Co-Principal Investigator with the Center for Research on the Educational Achievement and Teaching of English Language Learners (CREATE) funded by the U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences (IES). In 2005, Dr. Echevarría was selected as Outstanding Professor at CSULB.

MaryEllen Vogt, Ed.D., is Professor Emerita of Education at California State University, Long Beach. MaryEllen has been a classroom teacher, reading specialist, special education specialist, curriculum coordinator, and university teacher educator. She received her doctorate from the University of California, Berkeley, and is a co-author of fifteen books, including Reading Specialists and Literacy Coaches in the Real World (3rd ed., 2011) and the SIOP® book series. Her research interests include improving comprehension in the content areas, teacher change and development, and content literacy and language acquisition for English learners. She was inducted into the California Reading Hall of Fame, received her university’s Distinguished Faculty Teaching Award, and served as President of the International Reading Association in 2004–2005.

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Table of Contents


1 The Academic Language of History and Social Studies 1

What Is Academic Language? 3

How Is Academic Language Manifested in the Classroom? 5

What Is the Academic Language of Social Studies and History? 8

Why Do English Learners Have Difficulty with Academic Language? 12

How Can We Effectively Teach Academic Language with the SIOP? Model? 15

Academic Vocabulary 16

Oral Discourse 17

Concluding Thoughts 22

2 Activities and Techniques for SIOP? History-Social Studies Lessons: Lesson Preparation, Building Background, Comprehensible Input, & Strategies 24

Mr. Michaels's Vignette 24

Introduction 25

History and Social Studies Techniques and Activities 26

Lesson Preparation 27

Building Language Objectives from Content Objectives 28

Differentiating Sentence Starters 30

Building Background 31

Concrete Personal Experiences 31

Post a Connection 34

Oh Yesterday + Year! 35

Predict Definitions 36

Vocabulary Scan 38

Comprehensible Input 40

Prop Box Improv 40

Listen for Information 42

Move It! 44

Strategies 45

Highlight Key Information in Text 46

Cut and Match Answers 47

Expert/Novice 49

Concluding Thoughts 51

3 Activities and Techniques for SIOP? History-Social Studies Lessons: Interaction, Practice & Application, Lesson Delivery, Review & Assessment 52

Introduction 52

Interaction 53

Structured Conversations 53

Learning Styles Debate 55

You Are There 56

Practice & Application 58

Reader's Theater 58

Living Diorama 60

Partner Listening Dictation 62

Go GraphicOne Step Further 63

Lesson Delivery 64

Group Response with a White Board 65

Chunk and Chew Review 66

Stand Up/Sit Down 68

Review & Assessment 70

Oral Number 1-3 for Self-Assessment 71

Self-Assessment Rubrics 72

Number Wheels 73

Whip Around, Pass Option 76

Numbered Heads Together with Movement 77

Differentiated Tickets Out 79

Concluding Thoughts 80

Revisiting Mr. Michaels 80

4 SIOP? History and Social Studies Unit Design and Lesson Planning 82

Ms. Parry's Vignette 82

Introduction 84

SIOP? Unit Design 85

SIOP? Unit Planner 1 85

SIOP? Unit Planner 2 87

SIOP? Lesson Planning 87

Technology in SIOP? Lessons 91

SIOP? History-Social Studies Lesson Formats 93

Concluding Thoughts 95

5 SIOP? Social Studies Unit, Grades K-2 97

Introduction 97

Past and Present 98

Unit Overview, Grades K-2 98

SIOP? Lesson Plan 1: My Personal Timeline 101

SIOP? Lesson Plan 2: My Life in Past and Present 103

SIOP? Lesson Plan 3: Comparing the Past to the Present 104

SIOP? Lesson Plan 4: How Do You Know It's from the Past? 107

SIOP? Lesson Plan 5: Living in the Past and Present 108

SIOP? Lesson Plan 6: Flipping from the Past to Present 110

Concluding Thoughts 111

6 SIOP? Social Studies Unit, Grades 3-5 112

Introduction 112

Where in the WorldAre You? 113

Unit Overview, Grades 3-5 113

SIOP? Lesson Plan 1: What's the Location? 116

SIOP? Lesson Plan 2: What's My Hemisphere? 118

SIOP? Lesson Plan 3: Maps and Globes Reader's Theater 120

SIOP? Lesson Plan 4: Maps and Globes: Student-Generated Writing 122

SIOP? Lesson Plan 5: Latitude and Longitude 123

SIOP? Lesson Plan 6: Map and Globe Terms Review 126

Concluding Thoughts 127

7 SIOP? U.S. History Unit, Grades 6-8 128

Introduction 128

Causes of the American Revolution 129

Unit Overview, Grades 6-8 129

Grades 6-8 Unit 131

SIOP? Lesson Plan 1: Mercantilism 131

SIOP? Lesson Plan 2: The Effects of the French and Indian War 133

SIOP? Lesson Plan 3: Controversial Acts of Parliament 135

SIOP? Lesson Plan 4: Boston Massacre 138

Concluding Thoughts 140

8 SIOP? Global History Unit, Grades 9-12 141

Introduction 141

Containing Communism After World War II 142

Unit Overview, Grades 9-12 142

Lesson Topics 144

SIOP? Lesson Plan 1: Red Scare 147

SIOP? Lesson Plan 2: The Marshall Plan 150

SIOP? Lesson Plan 3: The Truman Doctrine 152

SIOP? Lesson Plan 4: The Formation of NATO 154

SIOP? Lesson Plan 5: The Berlin Airlift 157

Concluding Thoughts 159

9 Pulling It All Together 161

What We Have Learned 161

What Our SIOP? History and Social Studies Contributors Have Learned 163

Final Thoughts 164

Appendix A: SIOP? Protocol and Component Overview 165

Appendix B: Academic Social Studies and History Vocabulary Based on Sample State Standards 171

Grades K-2 171

Grades 3-5 173

Grades 6-8 177

Grades 9-12 181

Appendix C: List of Activities and Techniques by Social Science Subject Area and Grade Level 185

Appendix D: Blackline Masters 187

BLM 1 My Personal Timeline 188

BLM 2 My Personal Timeline Sentences 189

BLM 3 My Life in the Past and Present (Venn Diagram) 190

BLM 4 My Life in the Past and Present Activity Sheet 191

BLM 5 How Can We Tell That This Is from the Past? 192

BLM 6 Is It Past or Present? (images) 193

BLM 7 Is It Past or Present? (chart) 195

BLM 8 Is It Past or Present? Bingo 198

BLM 9 Instructions for Making a Flipbook 199

BLM 10 Can You Label the World Map? 200

BLM 11 What's My Hemisphere? (short answer) 201

BLM 12 What's My Hemisphere? (multiple choice) 202

BLM 13 Reader's Theater Script: Maps and Globes 203

BLM 14 Reader's Theater Rubric: Maps and Globes 204

BLM 15 Understanding Maps and Globes (paragraph) 205

BLM 16 Understanding Maps and Globes (word bank) 206

BLM 17 Vocabulary Word and Definition Cards 207

BLM 18 Anticipation/Reaction Guide: The Effects of the French and Indian War 211

BLM 19 British versus Colonist Points of View 212

BLM 20 Truman Doctrine Speech Adapted Text 213

BLM 21 Truman Doctrine Speech Original Text 214

BLM 22 Argumentation Chart for Truman Doctrine 218

BLM 23 NATO Pro Con Chart 219

References 220

Index 224

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