Sit-Ins and Freedom Rides

Overview

Though people such as Martin Luther King Jr. and Rosa Parks are often credited with the success of the civil rights movement, thousands of others staged their own grassroots campaigns to help and segregation in America.

In 1960, four students of North Carolina A&T university staged as sit-in at a whites-only lunch counter. Despite fears of arrest, beatings, or worse, the four spent the day at the counter, quietly and politely. The next day,...

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Overview

Though people such as Martin Luther King Jr. and Rosa Parks are often credited with the success of the civil rights movement, thousands of others staged their own grassroots campaigns to help and segregation in America.

In 1960, four students of North Carolina A&T university staged as sit-in at a whites-only lunch counter. Despite fears of arrest, beatings, or worse, the four spent the day at the counter, quietly and politely. The next day, they came back, with more protesters. Soon, they inspired sit-in movements throughout the South.

At the same time, a group of activists decided to challenge segregation on interstate buses by going on a Freedom Ride, a bus ride throughout the South to a number of segregated areas. Through they were frequently greeted by violent assault and their buses were burned and destroyed, they carried on. Their persistence and commitment to nonviolence grabbed headlines, as well as the attention of President John F. Kennedy and his attorney general brother Robert. Their courage helped strike of powerful blow against racism throughout America.

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Editorial Reviews

Children's Literature - Tracy Koretsky
On page 102 of this excellent addition to publisher Morgan Reynolds' "The Civil Rights Movement" series, the author writes: "Today's teachers credit Martin Luther King Jr., Rosa Parks, and other icons for fueling the civil rights movement. But much of the credit should go to the thousands of sit-in activists for getting the ball rolling and to the hundreds of Freedom Riders for keeping the buses going." This book seeks remedy. The author is dramatic in the best way: introducing new topics with stories full of quotations and real observations from the participants before launching into the facts behind the story. The author is never dramatic in the worst way, not for a moment hyperbolizing. Instead he quietly lays out his consistently shocking details without embellishment for the reader's examination. His attempt to illuminate the rationale behind Jim Crow laws is a particularly fine demonstration of his even hand. At 108 pages of text and black and white documentary photography divided into long chapters, this substantive book would be more handy to refer back to at report time with a few subtitles. A short glossary of the relevant names and initials would also have been helpful, especially to readers who put down the text for a day or two. On the other hand, the notes are exemplary, the bibliography, extensive. There is also a timeline and an index. Reviewer: Tracy Koretsky
School Library Journal
Gr 5 Up—Aretha opens with an introduction to the four college students who orchestrated the famous sit-in at Woolworth's in Greensboro, NC, in 1960. He follows that with chapters that describe slavery, Reconstruction, and Jim Crow in terms of how they set the stage for the resistance efforts. The focus on the lesser-known sit-ins and the earlier "Journey of Reconciliation" bus rides, and the emphasis on integral but less-famous members of the Civil Rights Movement offers insight into the workings of the protests at the grassroots level. Individual anecdotes interspersed throughout the detailed narrative provide personal and effective accounts that go beyond mere facts. Black-and-white and some color photographs appear on almost every spread. The poignant conclusion profiles the later lives of the Greensboro college students who began it all.—Margaret Auguste, Franklin Middle School, Somerset, NJ
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781599350981
  • Publisher: Morgan Reynolds Incorporated
  • Publication date: 2/28/2009
  • Series: Civil Rights Movement Series
  • Pages: 128
  • Age range: 12 - 17 Years
  • Product dimensions: 6.20 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 0.60 (d)

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Sitting and Riding for Freedom 11

Chapter 2 Jim Crow Has to Go 16

Chapter 3 The Greensboro Sit-ins 32

Chapter 4 "Ins" Across the South 45

Chapter 5 Prelude to the Freedom Rides 62

Chapter 6 Freedom Rides 68

Chapter 7 A Lasting Impact 94

Timeline 109

Sources 113

Bibliography 121

Web sites 126

Index 127

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