Situated Cognition: On Human Knowledge and Computer Representations

Situated Cognition: On Human Knowledge and Computer Representations

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by William J. Clancey
     
 

This book is about recent changes in the design of intelligent machines. New computer models of vision and navigation in animals suggest a different way to build machines. Cognition is viewed not just in terms of high-level "expertise," but in terms of the ability to find one's way around the world, to learn new ways of seeing things, and to coordinate activity. This… See more details below

Overview

This book is about recent changes in the design of intelligent machines. New computer models of vision and navigation in animals suggest a different way to build machines. Cognition is viewed not just in terms of high-level "expertise," but in terms of the ability to find one's way around the world, to learn new ways of seeing things, and to coordinate activity. This approach is called situated cognition. Situated Cognition differs from other purely philosophical treatises in that Clancey, who has built expert systems for twenty years, explores the limitations of existing computer programs and compares them to human memory and learning capabilities. He examines the implications of situated action from the perspective of artificial intelligence specialists interested in building robots and cognitive scientists seeking to relate descriptive models to neural and social views of knowledge.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780521444002
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Publication date:
08/28/1997
Series:
Learning in Doing: Social, Cognitive and Computational Perspectives Series
Pages:
406
Product dimensions:
5.98(w) x 8.98(h) x 1.06(d)

Table of Contents

Figures and tables
Series foreword
Acknowledgments
Introduction: What is situated cognition?1
Pt. IRepresentations and memory
1Aaron's drawing15
2Mycin's map29
3Remembering controversies46
4Sensorimotor maps versus encodings76
Pt. IISituated robots
5Navigating without reading maps101
6Perceiving without describing133
7Remembering without matching146
8Engineering transactional systems171
Pt. IIIEcological theories
9Transactional experience201
10Dialectic mechanism225
11The ecological approach to perception246
Pt. IVSymbols reconsidered
12Coupling versus inference269
13The varieties of symbol systems302
14Reformulated dilemmas327
Conclusions: Lessons for cognitive science343
Notes369
References279
Author index391
Subject index395

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