Situated Cognition: On Human Knowledge and Computer Representations

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Overview

This book is about recent changes in the design of intelligent machines. New computer models of vision and navigation in animals suggest a different way to build machines. Cognition is viewed not just in terms of high-level "expertise," but in terms of the ability to find one's way around the world, to learn new ways of seeing things, and to coordinate activity. This approach is called situated cognition. Situated Cognition differs from other purely philosophical treatises in that Clancey, who has built expert systems for twenty years, explores the limitations of existing computer programs and compares them to human memory and learning capabilities. He examines the implications of situated action from the perspective of artificial intelligence specialists interested in building robots and cognitive scientists seeking to relate descriptive models to neural and social views of knowledge.
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Product Details

Table of Contents

Figures and tables
Series foreword
Acknowledgments
Introduction: What is situated cognition? 1
Pt. I Representations and memory
1 Aaron's drawing 15
2 Mycin's map 29
3 Remembering controversies 46
4 Sensorimotor maps versus encodings 76
Pt. II Situated robots
5 Navigating without reading maps 101
6 Perceiving without describing 133
7 Remembering without matching 146
8 Engineering transactional systems 171
Pt. III Ecological theories
9 Transactional experience 201
10 Dialectic mechanism 225
11 The ecological approach to perception 246
Pt. IV Symbols reconsidered
12 Coupling versus inference 269
13 The varieties of symbol systems 302
14 Reformulated dilemmas 327
Conclusions: Lessons for cognitive science 343
Notes 369
References 279
Author index 391
Subject index 395
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