Situation Theory and Its Applications

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Situation Theory grew out of attempts by Jon Barwise in the late 1970s to provide a semantics for 'naked-infinitive' perceptual reports such as 'Claire saw Jon run'. Barwise's intuition was that Claire didn't just see Jon, an individual, but Jon doing something, a situation. Situations are individuals having properties and standing in relations. A theory of situations would allow us to study and compare various types of situations or situation-like entitles, such as facts, events, and scenes. One of the central themes of situation theory of meaning and reference should be set within a general theory of information, one moreover that is rich enough to do justice to perception, communication, and thought. By now many people have contributed by the need to give a rigorous mathematical account of the principles of information that underwrite the theory.

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Table of Contents

Preface; Contributors; Part I. Situation Theory: 1. Replacement systems and the axiomatization of situation theory Peter Aczel; 2. Information, infons, and inference Jon Barwise and John Etchemendy; 3. Infons and types in an information-based logic Keith Devlin; 4. On the logic of situation theory Tim Fernando; 5. Partial sets Michael W. Mislove, Lawrence S. Moss, and Frank J. Oles; 6. An illative theory of relations Gordon Plotkin; 7. Perspectives in situation theory Jerry Seligman; 8. Parametric types and propositions in first-order situation theory Dag Westerståhl; Part II. Logical Applications: 9. Dewey on defeasibility Thomas Burke; 10. Three indexical solutions to the liar paradox Robert Koons; 11. The complexity of paradox William C. Rounds; Part III. Linguistic Applications: 12. Situating word meaning Nick Braisby; 13. Information in the early stages of language acquisitions Robin Cooper; 14. Locations now and then Judith Merriam Crow; 15. Argument roles and anaphora Elisabet Engdahl; 16. Some puzzles about pronouns Jean Mark Gawron and Stanley Peters; 17. Out of the mouths of babes Elizabeth Macken; 18. Situations, games, and ambiguity Prashant Parikh; 19. Conditionals and unconditionals in universal grammar and situation semantics Dietmar Zaefferer; Name index; Subject index.

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