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Siva: The Erotic Ascetic / Edition 1
     

Siva: The Erotic Ascetic / Edition 1

by Wendy Doniger O'Flaherty, Wendy Doniger, Wendy Doniger
 

ISBN-10: 0195202503

ISBN-13: 9780195202502

Pub. Date: 05/28/1981

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

Originally published under the title Asceticism and Eroticism in the Mythology of Siva, this book traces the development of an Indian approach to an enduring human dilemma: the conflict between spiritual aspirations and human desires. The work examines hundreds of related myths and a wide range of Indian texts—Vedic, Puranic, classical, modern, and tribal&

Overview

Originally published under the title Asceticism and Eroticism in the Mythology of Siva, this book traces the development of an Indian approach to an enduring human dilemma: the conflict between spiritual aspirations and human desires. The work examines hundreds of related myths and a wide range of Indian texts—Vedic, Puranic, classical, modern, and tribal—centering on the stories of the great ascetic, Siva, and his erotic alter ego, Kama.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780195202502
Publisher:
Oxford University Press, USA
Publication date:
05/28/1981
Edition description:
Reprint
Pages:
416
Product dimensions:
8.00(w) x 5.31(h) x 0.85(d)

Table of Contents

List of Illustrationsxiii
Guide to Pronunciationxiv
I.Introduction: The Interpretation of Hindu Mythology1
A.The Challenge of Hindu Mythology1
B.The Central Paradox of Saiva Mythology4
1.The Resolution within the Texts6
2.The Iconic Resolution of the Paradox: The Ithyphallic Yogi8
C.Problems and Methods11
1.Various Methods of Mythological Analysis11
2.Variants and Multiforms16
D.Motifs of Hindu Mythology21
1.Chart of Motifs22
2.Explanation of Motifs23
3.Interconnections between Motifs27
4.The Saiva Cycle Analysed by Motifs30
5.The Value of Motifs and Variants32
E.The Nature of Mythological Contradiction33
1.The Equivalence of Opposites33
2.The Resolution of Mythological Contradictions35
3.The Failure to Resolve Mythological Contradictions36
4.The Irrational Solution: Bhakti38
II.Asceticism and Eroticism in Early Indian Mythology40
A.The Importance of Chastity and Creative Tapas40
B.The Seduction of the Ascetic by the Prostitute: Rsyasrnga42
C.Chastity and the Loss of Chastity: Agastya52
D.The Erotic Powers of the Ascetic55
E.The Rejuvenation of the Ascetic: Cyavana57
F.Sexual Pleasures as the Reward for Asceticism / the False Ascetic64
G.The Importance of Procreation68
H.The Prajapati and His Ascetic Sons70
I.Narada and the Sons of Daksa74
J.The Two Forms of Immortality76
K.The Attempt to Reconcile the Householder and Ascetic in Society78
L.The Forest-Dweller: an Inadequate Compromise79
III.The Vedic Antecedents of Siva83
A.Rudra, God of Destruction83
B.Indra84
1.Indra as Phallic God of Fertility85
2.Indra versus the Ascetic87
C.Agni, the Erotic Fire90
1.Agni and the Pine Forest Sages93
2.The Seven Sages and their Wives98
3.Siva and Parvati as the Parents of Skanda103
4.The Golden Seed of Fire107
5.The Birth of Skanda and the Birth of the Maruts108
IV.Siva and Brahma: Opposition and Identity111
A.Siva as Sexual Creator111
B.The Incest of Siva112
C.Siva Opposes the Incest of Brahma114
D.Brahma Versus Kama117
E.Siva Versus Brahma at the Wedding of Sati/Parvati121
F.The Beheading of Brahma by Siva123
G.The Beheading of Daksa by Siva128
H.The Castration of Siva130
I.The Competition Between Siva and Brahma136
J.The Complementarity of Brahma and Siva138
V.Siva and Kama141
A.The Chastity of Siva--and Its Contradiction141
B.The Burning of Kama--and Its Reversal143
C.The Lust of the Chastiser of Kama145
D.The Victory of Kama Implicit in the Burning of Kama148
E.The Seduction of Siva by Parvati151
F.The Revival of Kama by Parvati155
G.Kama Reborn as a Tree--Rebirth From Fire158
H.The Revived Kama's Power Over Siva162
I.The Erotic Appeal of the Chastiser of Kama164
J.Kama and Agni Transposed166
K.The Partial Identity of Siva and Kama169
VI.Siva in the Pine Forest172
A.Siva, the False Ascetic, Seducer of the Sages' Wives173
B.Siva, the Passive Ascetic, Unmoved by the Sages' Wives175
C.The Apparent Lust of the Ascetic Siva178
1.The Destruction of the Sages' Powers by the Seduction of their Wives178
2.The Transference of the Sages' Powers to Siva: The Pasupata Cult182
D.The Sexual Destruction of Demons by Siva184
1.The Sexual Death of Adi186
2.The Death and Transfiguration of Andhaka190
E.The Enlightenment of the Pine Forest Sages192
1.Siva opposes the Forest-dwellers' kama193
2.The Temptation of the Devotee by God196
3.Siva opposes the Forest-dwellers' tapas199
4.The Balance: Santi and Linga-worship201
F.Enlightenment by Sexual Impersonation204
VII.Siva as Ascetic and Householder210
A.Siva's Failure to Reconcile His Two Roles210
B.Siva's Trouble with his Parents-in-Law213
C.The House of the Ascetic Siva218
D.Parvati's Conflict with the Unconventional, Ascetic Siva221
E.The Quarrels of Siva and Parvati224
F.The Adultery of Siva226
G.The Reconciliation of Siva and Parvati233
H.The Horrible and the Erotic236
I.The Transformation of Siva's Ornaments238
1.Snakes and Nakedness243
2.The Ashes of Siva245
3.The Third Eye247
J.Siva as Ascetic and House Holder: the Reconciliation251
VIII.The Control and Transformation of Desire255
A.Sexual Satiety: the Linga in the Yoni256
B.Yoga and Bhoga258
C.The Transformation of Desire by Self-Temptation259
D.The Retention of the Seed261
1.The Separation of Fertility and Eroticism262
2.The Unnatural Creation of Siva's Son267
3.Creation by Blood, Sweat, and Tears271
4.The Drinking of the Seed273
E.The Seed as Soma and Poison277
F.Food and Sex279
G.The Control of Excess282
H.The Distribution of Siva's Tejas283
I.Siva as Fire Under Water286
J.Siva as the Submarine Mare289
IX.Cycles of Asceticism and Sexuality293
A.The Danger of Siva's Excessive Chastity294
B.The Danger of Siva's Excessive Sexuality296
C.The Interruption of Sexual Activity302
D.Quiescence and Energy310
X.Conclusion: the Pendulum of Extremes314
Appendix A.Connections Between Episodes in the Saiva Cycle319
Appendix B.Major Occurrences of the Main Episodes321
I.Sanskrit Texts321
A.Siva and Kama321
B.The birth of Skanda321
C.The Pine Forest322
II.Non-Sanskrit Texts322
Appendix C.Glossary323
Appendix D.Bibliography326
I.Abbreviations326
II.Sanskrit Texts and Translations326
III.Secondary Sources330
Appendix E.Bibliographic Notes341
Appendix F.Index of Motifs375
Appendix G.Index of Characters381

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