Skeleton Keys: An Introduction to Human Skeletal Morphology, Development, and Analysis Includes CD-ROM / Edition 2

Skeleton Keys: An Introduction to Human Skeletal Morphology, Development, and Analysis Includes CD-ROM / Edition 2

by Jeffrey H. Schwartz
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0195188594

ISBN-13: 9780195188592

Pub. Date: 09/01/2006

Publisher: Oxford University Press

In Skeleton Keys: An Introduction to Human Skeletal Morphology, Development, and Analysis, Second Edition, Jeffrey H. Schwartz presents a detailed yet highly accessible introduction to the study of the human skeleton. This unique volume examines the skeleton from its developmental basis to the expression of individual variation. It reviews a variety of

Overview

In Skeleton Keys: An Introduction to Human Skeletal Morphology, Development, and Analysis, Second Edition, Jeffrey H. Schwartz presents a detailed yet highly accessible introduction to the study of the human skeleton. This unique volume examines the skeleton from its developmental basis to the expression of individual variation. It reviews a variety of different approaches used to determine an individual's sex, age, and pathological history and challenges readers to think critically about how to analyze a human skeleton rather than learning formulas for quick results. An ideal text for courses in human osteology, skeletal analysis, and bioarchaeology, this book is also a helpful reference for professionals.

Thoroughly revised and updated, the second edition of Skeleton Keys features:

* The companion website contains hundreds of color images of skeletons and skeletal elements—demonstrating morphology, pathology, and nonmetric variation—that can be used as classroom projections or for individual study
* Coverage of the most recent developments in the field, including the molecular regulation of bone and tooth formation
* Expanded studies in each area of analysis: sex, age, nonmetric variation, pathology, biodistance and bioarchaeology, and stable isotope analysis
* Additional photographic images, especially in the pathology and sexing chapters
* Two separate and extensively illustrated chapters on the skull, one dealing with articulated elements and one with isolated bones (these topics were covered in one chapter in the first edition)
* Integration of material—such as anthropometric landmarks—from appendices in the previous edition into relevant chapters as tables
* More accessible language throughout and an extensive glossary

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780195188592
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Publication date:
09/01/2006
Edition description:
REV
Pages:
416
Product dimensions:
9.10(w) x 7.60(h) x 0.80(d)

Table of Contents

Preface
1. An Introduction to Skeletal Anatomy and the Development, Physiology, and Biochemistry of Bone
The Terminology of Anatomical Position
Units of the Skeleton and Their Articular Relations
Gross Anatomy of Bone
Osteogenesis: The Formation of Bone
Regulation of and Abnormalities in Bone Growth
Other Pathological Aspects of Bone Growth and Physiology
Bone Biochemistry and Diet
2. The Skull
External Morphology
Cranium
Facial Skeleton
Internal Morphology
Skullcap
Base of the Skull
Nasal Cavity
3. Individual Bones of the Skull
Mandible
Morphology
Development and Ossification
Maxilla
Morphology
Development and Ossification
The Palatine Bone
Morphology
Development and Ossification
Nasal Bone
Morphology
Development and Ossification
Lacrimal Bone
Frontal Bone
Morphology
Development and Ossification
Parietal Bone
Morphology
Development and Ossification
Zygoma
Morphology
Development and Ossification
Vomer
Inferior Nasal Concha
Ethmoid
Morphology
Development and Ossification
Temporal Bone
Morphology
Development and Ossification
Occipital Bone
Morphology
Development and Ossification
Sphenoid
Morphology
Development and Ossification
Hyoid
Inner Ear Bones
4. The Postcranial Axial Skeleton: Vertebral Column, Sacrum, Sternum, and Ribs
Vertebral Column: Overview
Morphology
Development and Ossification
True Vertebrae
Morphology
Development and Ossification
First and Second Cervical Vertebrae
Morphology
Development and Ossification
Sacrum
Morphology
Development and Ossification
Coccyx
Morphology
Development and Ossification
Sternum
Morphology
Development and Ossification
Ribs
Morphology
Development and Ossification
5. The Upper Limb
Scapula
Morphology
Development and Ossification
Clavicle
Morphology
Development and Ossification
Humerus
Morphology
Development and Ossification
Radius
Morphology
Development and Ossification
Ulna
Morphology
Development and Ossification
The Hand
Carpus
Ossification of the Carpals
Scaphoid
Lunate
Triquetral
Pisiform
Trapezium
Trapezoid
Capitate
Hamate
Metacarpals
Morphology
Development and Ossification
Phalanges
Morphology
Development and Ossification
Determination of Stature from Upper Limb Bones
6. The Lower Limb
Pelvic Girdle
Morphology
Development and Ossification
Femur
Morphology
Development and Ossification
Patella
Tibia
Morphology
Development and Ossification
Fibula
Morphology
Development and Ossification
The Foot
Tarsus
Morphology
Development and Ossification
Talus
Calcaneus
Navicular
Medial Cuneiform
Intermediate Cuneiform
Lateral Cuneiform
Cuboid
Metatarsals
Morphology
Development and Ossification
Phalanges
Morphology
Development and Ossification
Determination of Stature from Lower Limb Bones
7. Teeth
Basic Gross Dental Anatomy
Different Dentitions: An Overview
Tooth Surfaces and Orientation
Basic Nomenclature of Crown Anatomy
Molars: An Overview
Upper Molars
Upper Premolars
Upper Canine
Upper Incisors
Lower Molars
Lower Premolars
Lower Canine
Lower Incisors
Summary of Permanent Tooth Identification
Incisors
Canines
Premolars
Molars
Deciduous Teeth
Enamel: Normal and Other Features
Supernumerary Teeth and Tooth Agenesis
Tooth Eruption and Root Formation
Crown Development: An Overview
Molecular Regulation of Crown Development: A Brief Overview
8. Aging
Overview
Childhood
Tooth Formation Sequences: A Brief Overview
Tooth Formation and Eruption Sequences: A Discussion
Cranium
Postcranium
Juvenile Age
Overview
Epiphyseal Union
Adulthood
Pubic Symphysis
Auricular Region (Ilium)
Rib (Sternal End)
Other Postcranial Elements
Skull
Age-Related Changes in Teeth
The Complex Method of Determining Adult Age (After Acsádi and Nemeskéri, 1970)
The Proximal Humerus: Phases of Age-Related Change
The Proximal Femur: Phases of Age-Related Change
The Pubic Symphysis: Phases of Age-Related Change
Calculation of Age
The Multifactorial Method of Determining Summary Age (After Lovejoy et al., 1985a)
Histological Age-Related Changes in Bone
Specimen Preparation
Gross Histological Changes in Cortical Bone
Detailed Histological Changes in Cortical Bone
9. Differentially Expressed Morphological Character States: Nonmetric Variation, Sex Determination, Populations, and a Discussion of Biodistance Analysis
Overview
Considering the Bases of Nondental, Nonmetric Variation
Dental Nonmetric Traits
The Assessment of Skeletal Sexual Dimorphism
Nonmetric Variation, Sexual Dimorphism, and Populations
A Discussion of Metric Approaches to Biodistance Analysis
10. Pathology: Disease, Trauma, and Stress
Overview
Infectious Diseases of Bone
Joint Diseases
Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis
Tumors
Bone Necrosis
Fractures and Trauma
Infectious and Degenerative Diseases of the Jaws and Teeth
Appendix A: Osteometry
Cranial and Mandibular Measurements
Postcranial Measurements
Postcranial Indices
Appendix B: Comparative Osteology: Human, Deer, Bear, Pig
Glossary
References
Index

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