Skeleton Keys: An Introduction to Human Skeletal Morphology, Development, and Analysis Includes CD-ROM / Edition 2

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Overview


In Skeleton Keys: An Introduction to Human Skeletal Morphology, Development, and Analysis, Second Edition, Jeffrey H. Schwartz presents a detailed yet highly accessible introduction to the study of the human skeleton. This unique volume examines the skeleton from its developmental basis to the expression of individual variation. It reviews a variety of different approaches used to determine an individual's sex, age, and pathological history and challenges readers to think critically about how to analyze a human skeleton rather than learning formulas for quick results. An ideal text for courses in human osteology, skeletal analysis, and bioarchaeology, this book is also a helpful reference for professionals.

Thoroughly revised and updated, the second edition of Skeleton Keys features:

* A unique CD-ROM containing hundreds of color images of skeletons and skeletal elements--demonstrating morphology, pathology, and nonmetric variation--that can be used as classroom projections or for individual study
* Coverage of the most recent developments in the field, including the molecular regulation of bone and tooth formation
* Expanded studies in each area of analysis: sex, age, nonmetric variation, pathology, biodistance and bioarchaeology, and stable isotope analysis
* Additional photographic images, especially in the pathology and sexing chapters
* Two separate and extensively illustrated chapters on the skull, one dealing with articulated elements and one with isolated bones (these topics were covered in one chapter in the first edition)
* Integration of material--such as anthropometric landmarks--from appendices in the previous edition into relevant chapters as tables
* More accessible language throughout and an extensive glossary

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

"Skeleton Keys takes the reader beyond basic human osteology; the choice of content, format, and writing style encourages meaningful reflections concerning how we approach our understanding of the human skeleton."--Midori Albert, University of North Carolina, Wilmington

"For those teaching a course that is biologically oriented, Skeleton Keys is the best book. It covers microscopic anatomy and growth and development of bones and teeth and is appropriate for students interested in paleoanthropology, biology, and medicine, in addition to those interested in human osteology."--M. Anne Katzenberg, University of Calgary

"The quality of the images is excellent. These images on a CD will enhance the student experience. . . . [This book is a] very useful text for any biological anthropologist and ideal for osteology courses of various levels."--Helen Cho, Davidson College

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780195188592
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • Publication date: 9/1/2006
  • Edition description: REV
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 416
  • Product dimensions: 9.10 (w) x 7.60 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface
1. An Introduction to Skeletal Anatomy and the Development, Physiology, and Biochemistry of Bone
The Terminology of Anatomical Position Units of the Skeleton and Their Articular Relations Gross Anatomy of Bone Osteogenesis: The Formation of Bone Regulation of and Abnormalities in Bone Growth Other Pathological Aspects of Bone Growth and Physiology Bone Biochemistry and Diet
2. The Skull
External Morphology
Cranium
Facial Skeleton
Internal Morphology
Skullcap
Base of the Skull
Nasal Cavity
3. Individual Bones of the Skull
Mandible
Morphology
Development and Ossification
Maxilla
Morphology
Development and Ossification
The Palatine Bone
Morphology
Development and Ossification
Nasal Bone
Morphology
Development and Ossification
Lacrimal Bone Frontal Bone
Morphology
Development and Ossification
Parietal Bone
Morphology
Development and Ossification
Zygoma
Morphology
Development and Ossification
Vomer Inferior Nasal Concha Ethmoid
Morphology
Development and Ossification
Temporal Bone
Morphology
Development and Ossification
Occipital Bone
Morphology
Development and Ossification
Sphenoid
Morphology
Development and Ossification
Hyoid Inner Ear Bones
4. The Postcranial Axial Skeleton: Vertebral Column, Sacrum, Sternum, and Ribs
Vertebral Column: Overview
Morphology
Development and Ossification
True Vertebrae
Morphology
Development and Ossification
First and Second Cervical Vertebrae
Morphology
Development and Ossification
Sacrum
Morphology
Development and Ossification
Coccyx
Morphology
Development and Ossification
Sternum
Morphology
Development and Ossification
Ribs
Morphology
Development and Ossification
5. The Upper Limb
Scapula
Morphology
Development and Ossification
Clavicle
Morphology
Development and Ossification
Humerus
Morphology
Development and Ossification
Radius
Morphology
Development and Ossification
Ulna
Morphology
Development and Ossification
The Hand Carpus
Ossification of the Carpals
Scaphoid Lunate Triquetral Pisiform Trapezium Trapezoid Capitate Hamate Metacarpals
Morphology
Development and Ossification
Phalanges
Morphology
Development and Ossification
Determination of Stature from Upper Limb Bones
6. The Lower Limb
Pelvic Girdle
Morphology
Development and Ossification
Femur
Morphology
Development and Ossification
Patella Tibia
Morphology
Development and Ossification
Fibula
Morphology
Development and Ossification
The Foot Tarsus
Morphology
Development and Ossification
Talus Calcaneus Navicular Medial Cuneiform Intermediate Cuneiform Lateral Cuneiform Cuboid Metatarsals
Morphology
Development and Ossification
Phalanges
Morphology
Development and Ossification
Determination of Stature from Lower Limb Bones
7. Teeth
Basic Gross Dental Anatomy Different Dentitions: An Overview Tooth Surfaces and Orientation Basic Nomenclature of Crown Anatomy Molars: An Overview
Upper Molars
Upper Premolars
Upper Canine
Upper Incisors
Lower Molars
Lower Premolars
Lower Canine
Lower Incisors
Summary of Permanent Tooth Identification
Incisors
Canines
Premolars
Molars
Deciduous Teeth Enamel: Normal and Other Features
Supernumerary Teeth and Tooth Agenesis
Tooth Eruption and Root Formation Crown Development: An Overview Molecular Regulation of Crown Development: A Brief Overview
8. Aging
Overview Childhood
Tooth Formation Sequences: A Brief Overview
Tooth Formation and Eruption Sequences: A Discussion
Cranium
Postcranium
Juvenile Age
Overview
Epiphyseal Union
Adulthood
Pubic Symphysis
Auricular Region (Ilium)
Rib (Sternal End)
Other Postcranial Elements
Skull
Age-Related Changes in Teeth The Complex Method of Determining Adult Age (After Acsádi and Nemeskéri, 1970)
The Proximal Humerus: Phases of Age-Related Change
The Proximal Femur: Phases of Age-Related Change
The Pubic Symphysis: Phases of Age-Related Change
Calculation of Age
The Multifactorial Method of Determining Summary Age (After Lovejoy et al., 1985a)
Histological Age-Related Changes in Bone
Specimen Preparation
Gross Histological Changes in Cortical Bone
Detailed Histological Changes in Cortical Bone
9. Differentially Expressed Morphological Character States: Nonmetric Variation, Sex Determination, Populations, and a Discussion of Biodistance Analysis
Overview Considering the Bases of Nondental, Nonmetric Variation Dental Nonmetric Traits The Assessment of Skeletal Sexual Dimorphism Nonmetric Variation, Sexual Dimorphism, and Populations A Discussion of Metric Approaches to Biodistance Analysis
10. Pathology: Disease, Trauma, and Stress
Overview Infectious Diseases of Bone Joint Diseases Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis Tumors Bone Necrosis Fractures and Trauma Infectious and Degenerative Diseases of the Jaws and Teeth
Appendix A: Osteometry
Cranial and Mandibular Measurements Postcranial Measurements Postcranial Indices
Appendix B: Comparative Osteology: Human, Deer, Bear, Pig
Glossary
References
Index

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