Slash-and-Burn Agriculture: The Search for Alternatives

Slash-and-Burn Agriculture: The Search for Alternatives

by Cheryl Palm
     
 

ISBN-10: 0231134509

ISBN-13: 9780231134507

Pub. Date: 08/10/2005

Publisher: Columbia University Press

Every year about 130,000 km2 of humid tropical rain forest is destroyed. Caused in part by the slash-and-burn practices of both large- and small-scale farmers in Brazil, Cameroon, Indonesia, and elsewhere, the environmental implications of tropical deforestation and its threat to biodiversity and carbon emissions remain a worldwide concern. Yet the small-scale

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Overview

Every year about 130,000 km2 of humid tropical rain forest is destroyed. Caused in part by the slash-and-burn practices of both large- and small-scale farmers in Brazil, Cameroon, Indonesia, and elsewhere, the environmental implications of tropical deforestation and its threat to biodiversity and carbon emissions remain a worldwide concern. Yet the small-scale farmers who use slash-and-burn agriculture depend on it to produce food and make a living for their families. Balancing the legitimate interests of rural households and global concerns about tropical deforestation is one of the major challenges of the coming decades.

The Alternatives to Slash and Burn (ASB) consortium was formed in 1992 by a group of concerned national and international research institutions to address the global and local issues associated with this form of agriculture. With contributions from agronomists, foresters, economists, ecologists, and anthropologists, this book synthesizes the first decade of ASB's work. It assesses the environmental, economic, and social impact of deforestation and identifies the costs and benefits of alternative uses of forests and cleared land. Throughout the volume, the contributors present new conceptual tools and a rich compendium of empirical analyses needed to formulate viable alternatives to slash-and-burn agriculture.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780231134507
Publisher:
Columbia University Press
Publication date:
08/10/2005
Pages:
480
Product dimensions:
7.00(w) x 10.00(h) x 1.00(d)
Age Range:
18 Years

Table of Contents

1Alternatives to slash and burn : challenge and approaches of an international consortium3
2Carbon losses and sequestration after land use change in the humid tropics
3Greenhouse gas fluxes in slash and burn and alternative land use practices in Sumatra, Indonesia64
4The potential role of above-ground biodiversity indicators in assessing best-bet alternatives to slash and burn83
5Below-ground biodiversity assessment : developing a key functional group approach in best-bet alternatives to slash and burn
6Sustainability of tropical land use systems after forest conversion143
7The forest for the trees : the effects of macroeconomic factors on deforestation in Brazil and Indonesia170
8Sustainable forest management for smallholder farmers in the Brazilian Amazon199
9Permanent smallholder rubber agroforestry systems in Sumatra, Indonesia222
10Coffee, pastures, and deforestation in the Western Brazilian Amazon : a farm-level bioeconomic model233
11Smallholder options for reclaiming and using Imperata cylindrica L. (alang-alang) grasslands in Indonesia248
12The Western Brazilian Amazon265
13The forest margins of Sumatra, Indonesia291
14The forest margins of Cameroon
15The Peruvian Amazon : development imperatives and challenges332
16Northern Thailand : changing smallholder land use patterns355
17Land use systems at the margins of tropical moist forest : addressing smallholder concerns in Cameroon, Indonesia, and Brazil387
18Balancing agricultural development and environmental objectives : assessing tradeoffs in the humid tropics

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