Slave Revolution in the Caribbean, 1789-1804: A Brief History with Documents / Edition 1

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Overview

This volume details the first slave rebellion to have a successful outcome, leading to the establishment of Haiti as a free black republic and paving the way for the emancipation of slaves in the rest of the French Empire and the world. Incited by the French Revolution, the enslaved inhabitants of the French Caribbean began a series of revolts, and in 1791 plantation workers in Haiti, then known as Saint-Domingue, overwhelmed their planter owners and began to take control of the island. They achieved emancipation in 1794, and after successfully opposing Napoleonic forces eight years later, emerged as part of an independent nation in 1804. A broad selection of documents, all newly translated by the authors, is contextualized by a thorough introduction considering the very latest scholarship. Laurent Dubois and John D. Garrigus clarify for students the complex political, economic, and racial issues surrounding the revolution and its reverberations worldwide. Useful pedagogical tools include maps, illustrations, a chronology, and a selected bibliography.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780312415013
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's
  • Publication date: 2/22/2006
  • Series: Bedford Cultural Editions Series
  • Edition description: First Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 240
  • Sales rank: 325,527
  • Product dimensions: 6.15 (w) x 8.34 (h) x 0.31 (d)

Meet the Author

LAURENT DUBOIS (Ph.D., University of Michigan) is associate professor of history at Michigan State University. His book A Colony of Citizens: Revolution and Slave Emancipation in the French Caribbean, 1787–1804 (2004) won the American Historical Association Prize in Atlantic History and the John Edwin Fagg Award. He is also the author of Avengers of the New World: The Story of the Haitian Revolution (2004), which was a Christian Science Monitor Noteworthy Book of 2004 and a Los Angeles Times Best Book of 2004, and Les esclaves de la République: l'histoire oubliée de la première emancipation, 1787–1794 (1998).

John D. Garrigus (PhD, Johns Hopkins University) is Associate Professor of History and Advisor, Transatlantic History PhD Program, at the University of Texas at Arlington. A former Chateaubriand Fellow and Fulbright Scholar, he has published on pre-revolutionary Haiti in Americas, French Historical Studies, Slavery & Abolition, and the Journal of Caribbean History. He is currently working on a book on Saint-Domingue's free people of color.

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Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Foreword
Preface
Maps

PART ONE
INTRODUCTION: Revolution, Emancipation, and Independence

The French Caribbean in the Eighteenth Century

The Revolution Begins, 1789–1791

From Slave Revolution to Emancipation, 1791–1794

Defining Emancipation, 1794–1798

The Haitian Revolution and the United States

War and Independence

The Legacy of the Haitian Revolution

Major Revolutionary Figures and Groups

PART TWO
THE DOCUMENTS
1. The French Caribbean in the Eighteenth Century
1. The Code Noir, 1685
2. Prophesies of Slave Revolutions, 1771 and 1780
3. Médéric-Louis-Elie Moreau de Saint-Méry, Description…of the French Part of the Island of Saint-Domingue, 1797

2. The Revolution Begins, 1789–1791
4. Letters from the Slave Revolt in Martinique, August-September 1789
5. The Free Citizens of Color, Address to the National Assembly, October 22, 1789
6. The National Assembly, Decree of March 8 and Instructions of March 28, 1790

7. Abbé Grégoire, Letter to Those Who Love Mankind, October 1790
8. Letters from the Uprising of Vincent Ogé, October 1790
9. Julien Raimond, Observations on the Origin and Progression of the White Colonists' Prejudice against Men of Color, 1791

10. The Debate of May 15, 1791
11. The National Assembly, Law on the Colonies, 1791

3. From Slave Revolution to Emancipation, 1791–1794
12. Hérard Dumesle, Voyage to the North of Haiti, 1824
13. Antoine Dalmas, History of the Revolution of Saint-Domingue, 1814
14. Pierre Mossut, Letter to the Marquis de Gallifet, September 19, 1791
15. Philadelphia General Advertiser, Reports on the Insurrection, October-November 1791
16. Jean-François and Biassou, Letters to the Commissioners, December 1791
17. Gros, In the Camps of the Insurgents, 1791
18. Olympe de Gouges, Preface to The Slavery of the Blacks, 1792
19. Jean-Paul Marat, From The Friend of the People, 1792
20. Thomas Clarkson, The True State of the Case, Respecting the Insurrection at St. Domingo, 1792
21. The National Assembly, Law of April 4, 1792
22. Journal Républicain de la Guadeloupe, Account of the Slave Revolt, April 24, 1793
23. Laurent Jolicoeur, Petition, 1793
24. Légér Félicité Sonthonax, Decree of General Liberty Proclaimed, August 29, 1793
25. Insurgent Responses to Emancipation, 1793
26. The National Convention, The Abolition of Slavery, February 4, 1794

4. Defining Emancipation, 1794–1798
27. Victor Hugues, Proclamations, 1794
28. Geneviéve Labothiére Secures Her Brother's Freedom, 1796-1801
29. The Plantation Policies of Étienne Polverel, 1794
30. Jean-Baptiste Belley, The True Colors of the Planters, or the System of the Hotel Massiac, Exposed by Gouli, 1795
31. Toussaint Louverture, A Refutation of Some Assertions in a Speech Pronounced in the Corps Législatif… by Viénot Vaublanc, 1797
32. The Council of the Five Hundred, Law on the Colonies, 1798
33. Etienne Laveaux, A Celebration of the Anniversary of Abolition, 1798

5. The Haitian Revolution and the United States
34. Thomas Jefferson, Letters, 1797-1802
35. Refugees in Charleston, S.C., Petition, October 25, 1799
36. Charles Brockton Brown, St. Domingo, December 1804

6. War and Independence
37. Toussaint Louverture, From Constitution of the French Colony of Saint-Domingue, 1801

38. Louis Delgrès, Proclamation, 1802
39. General Jean-François-Xavier de Ménard, On the Final Stand of Delgrès, 1802
40. Napoléon Bonaparte and General Charles-Victor-Emmanuel Leclerc, Letters, 1802–1803
41. Mary Hassal, From Secret History; or the Horrors of St. Domingo, 1808
42. Marie-Rose Masson, Letter to the Marquis de Gallifet, July 27, 1802
43. Brigadier General Pierre Cangé, Letter from to Delpech, November 1802
44. The Haitian Declaration of Independence, January 1, 1804
45. The Haitian Constitution, 1805

Appendixes
A Chronology of Events Related to the Slave Revolution in the Caribbean (1635–1805)
Questions for Consideration
Selected Bibliography

Index

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