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"Slaves to Fashion is a remarkable achievement, several books in one: a gripping history of sweatshops, explaining their decline, fall, and return; a study of how the media portray them; an analysis of the fortunes of the current anti-sweatshop movement; an anatomy of the global traffic in apparel, in particular the South-South competition that sends wages and working conditions plummeting toward the bottom; and not least, a passionate declaration of faith that humanity can find a way to get its work done without sweatshops. This is engaged sociology at its most stimulating."
". . . unflinchingly portrays the reemergence of the sweatshop in our dog-eat-dog economy."
---Los Angeles Times
Just as Barbara Ehrenreich's Nickel and Dimed uncovered the plight of the working poor in America, Robert J. S. Ross's Slaves to Fashion exposes the dark side of the apparel industry and its exploited workers at home and abroad. It's both a lesson in American business history and a warning about one of the most important issues facing the global capital economy-the reappearance of the sweatshop.
Vividly detailing the decline and tragic rebirth of sweatshop conditions in the American apparel industry of the twentieth century, Ross explains the new sweatshops as a product of unregulated global capitalism and associated deregulation, union erosion, and exploitation of undocumented workers. Using historical material and economic and social data, the author shows that after a brief thirty-five years of fair practices, the U.S. apparel business has once again sunk to shameful abuse and exploitation.
Refreshingly jargon-free but documented in depth, Slaves to Fashion is the only work to estimate the size of the sweatshop problem and to systematically show its impact on apparel workers' wages. It is also unique in its analysis of the budgets and personnel used in enforcing the Fair Labor Standards Act.
Anyone who is concerned about this urgent social and economic topic and wants to go beyond the headlines should read this important and timely contribution to the rising debate on low-wage factory labor.
Robert J.S. Ross is Professor of Sociology, Clark University. He is an expert in the area of sweatshops and globalization. He is an activist academic who travels and lectures extensively and has published numerous related articles.
|Introduction : sweatshops are where hearts starve||1|
|Ch. 1||What is a sweatshop?||9|
|App. 1||Estimating the number of sweatshop workers in the United States in 2000||42|
|Ch. 2||Memory of strike and fire||52|
|Ch. 3||The decline of sweatshops in the United States||72|
|Ch. 4||The era of decency and the return of the sweatshop||86|
|Ch. 5||Global capitalism and the race to the bottom in the production of our clothes||103|
|Ch. 6||Retail chains : the eight-hundred-pound gorillas of the world trade in clothing||125|
|Ch. 7||Firing guard dogs and hiring foxes||147|
|Ch. 8||Immigrants and imports||172|
|Ch. 9||Union busting and the global runaway shop||187|
|Ch. 10||Framing immigrants, humiliating big shots : mass media and the sweatshop issue||206|
|App. 2||Details of the immigrant blame analysis||239|
|Ch. 11||Combating sweatshops from the grass roots||249|
|Ch. 12||Solidarity north and south : reframing international labor rights||284|
|Ch. 13||Ascending a ladder of effective antisweatshop policy||309|
|Ch. 14||Three pillars of decency||322|
|Personal epilogue : hearts starve||335|