Slaves, Warfare, and Ideology in the Greek Historians

Slaves, Warfare, and Ideology in the Greek Historians

by Peter Hunt
     
 

ISBN-10: 0521584299

ISBN-13: 9780521584296

Pub. Date: 07/28/2003

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

The warring Greek city-states of the classical period often found it advantageous to use slaves in their armed forces and to encourage rebellion or desertion amongst the slaves of their enemies. But since military service was highly esteemed while the state of slavery was despised, classical Greek historians such as Herodotus, Thucydides and Xenophon tended not to…  See more details below

Overview

The warring Greek city-states of the classical period often found it advantageous to use slaves in their armed forces and to encourage rebellion or desertion amongst the slaves of their enemies. But since military service was highly esteemed while the state of slavery was despised, classical Greek historians such as Herodotus, Thucydides and Xenophon tended not to discuss slave participation in war. This book examines the actual role of slaves in war, the neglect of it by historians, and the reasons for this reticence.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780521584296
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Publication date:
07/28/2003
Pages:
264
Product dimensions:
5.98(w) x 8.98(h) x 0.75(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
Abbreviations
Classical sources
1Background: warfare, slavery, and ideology1
Classical warfare7
Helots13
Ideology19
2Herodotus: the Persian Wars26
Marathon and the Helot Revolt26
Thermopylae and Plataea31
Salamis40
3Herodotus: freedom or slavery42
Ancient and modern omission42
Slavery and warfare46
4Thucydides: Helots and Messenians53
Helot soldiers56
Athenians and Messenians62
Thucydides' attitude68
The Messenian question76
5Thucydides: manning the navies83
Non-Athenian navies84
Arginusae87
Other objections96
6Thucydides: encouraging slave desertion102
Desertion and revolt102
The fate of fugitive slaves108
Recruitment and rebellion115
7Thucydides: the ideology of citizen unity121
Military prerogatives122
Slave and citizen126
A threatened ideology132
Extremists135
Thucydides138
8Xenophon: ideal rulers, ideal slaves144
The military basis of rule146
War as test153
Binaries158
Xenophon, Sambo, and Nat160
9Xenophon: warfare and revolution165
Xenophon the soldier165
The Neodamodeis170
Slave soldiers in the Ways and Means175
The foundation of Messene177
10Xenophon: the decline of hoplite ideology185
Military hierarchies185
Hoplite purity190
Ignobic battles194
The status of soldiers202
11Conclusion: Volones, Mamluks, and Confederates206
Livy and the Volones206
Islamic slave soldiers209
Slaves for the Confederacy?214
Conclusion218
Bibliography222
Index242

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