Unhappy with the dry and pedagogic books available for 19th-century children, Frankfurt physician Heinrich Hoffmann wrote and illustrated Struwwelpeter, the original German-language version of Slovenly Peter, as a Christmas present for his three-year-old son.
After the Civil War, Samuel Clemens (1835–1910) left his small town to seek work as a riverboat pilot. As Mark Twain, the Missouri native found his place in the world. Author, journalist, lecturer, wit, and sage, Twain created enduring works that have enlightened and amused readers of all ages for generations.
German artist and graphic designer Fritz Kredel (1900–73) immigrated to the United States in the 1930s, where he taught at New York's Cooper Union. Kredel illustrated more than 400 books in English and German, including a six-volume limited-edition collection of the works of Hans Christian Andersen. In 1960 he was commissioned to create a woodcut of the presidential seal for John F. Kennedy’s inauguration.