Small Animal Medical Differential Diagnosis: A Book of Lists


Small Animal Medical Differential Diagnosis, 2nd Edition is a practical, concise guide to the differential diagnosis, etiology, laboratory abnormalities, and classification of clinical signs and medical disorders in dogs and cats. By covering nearly every possible sign and clinical disorder relevant to small animal medical practice, this pocket-sized, rapid reference helps you make more reliable on-the-scene decisions.

  • More than 400 lists bring the most important medical ...
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Small Animal Medical Differential Diagnosis: A Book of Lists

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Small Animal Medical Differential Diagnosis, 2nd Edition is a practical, concise guide to the differential diagnosis, etiology, laboratory abnormalities, and classification of clinical signs and medical disorders in dogs and cats. By covering nearly every possible sign and clinical disorder relevant to small animal medical practice, this pocket-sized, rapid reference helps you make more reliable on-the-scene decisions.

  • More than 400 lists bring the most important medical diagnostic information from multiple resources into asingle rapidreference.
  • An organized presentation of differential diagnoses by sign and symptom, disorder, and body system, facilitates quick and flexible access to information at many stages of the diagnostic work-up.
  • Alphabetical listing of all relevant laboratory tests makes information easy to find for students and experienced practitioners alike.
  • Easily identify the likeliest diagnosis by reviewing the possibilities listed in order of incidence.
  • Pocket-sized for portability, practicality, and quick reference.
  • NEW! Coverage of new disorders and syndromes expands the span of differential diagnoses to help you effectively evaluate more signs and symptoms.
  • NEW! Addition of new and more widely used diagnostic and laboratory tests keeps you up-to-date as lab tests become more specialized and sophisticated.
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Editorial Reviews

Doody's Review Service
Reviewer: Julie K Byron, DVM, MS, DACVIM (University of Illinois College of Veterinary Medicine)
Description: This is a book of differential diagnosis lists for the most common clinical signs and laboratory abnormalities encountered in small animal clinical practice. Historical, clinical, and laboratory findings for many of these diseases are also included in a separate section.
Purpose: The purpose is to provide a quick and easy-to-access reference for small animal practitioners, particularly when time does not allow for more in-depth searching of the literature and textbooks. While this objective is both worthy and useful, it must be remembered that differential lists are not the same for every patient with a single clinical finding, and no book replaces the practitioner's critical analysis.
Audience: This book is written primarily for veterinary students and new graduates, although experienced small animal practitioners will find it useful for refreshing the memory when they encounter an unusual case. As a boarded veterinary practitioner, the author presents the material from this point of view.
Features: The first of the book's three sections provides a list of differential diagnoses for over 80 different clinical signs in the dog and cat. The second part lists clinical findings and associated disorders for common diseases by body system. Part three provides an extensive list of laboratory abnormalities and their causes. This book presents the differential lists in a clear and concise manner with the objective of a quick reference in mind. The presentation of differentials by clinical finding, body system, and laboratory test provides for flexibility of its use by practitioners at many stages of the diagnostic work-up. The lists are neither exhaustive nor complete, but they do cover the most common (and many uncommon) differentials. The book is intended as a guide to practitioners, not a replacement for more complete texts.
Assessment: This is a useful tool in busy practice settings, particularly for new graduates. It does not replace a thorough evaluation of the patient, and the information it provides must be applied in context of the individual case. However, it will help to guide practitioners confronted with difficult and unusual cases and refresh the memory on less common differential diagnoses for clinical problems.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781455744541
  • Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
  • Publication date: 7/8/2013
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 384
  • Sales rank: 293,032
  • Product dimensions: 4.40 (w) x 7.40 (h) x 0.60 (d)

Meet the Author

Brevard Animal Hospital, Brevard, NC, USA

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Table of Contents


  1. Abdominal Distension
  2. Abdominal Effusions and Ascites
  3. Abdominal Pain, Acute
  4. Aggressive Behavior
  5. Alopecia
  6. Anaphylaxis
  7. Anuria and Oliguria
  8. Anxiety and Phobias
  9. Ascites
  10. Ataxia and Incoordination
  11. Blindness
  12. Bradycardia, Sinus
  13. Cachexia and Muscle Wasting
  14. Compulsive Behavior Disorders
  15. Constipation
  16. Coughing
  17. Cyanosis
  18. Deafness
  19. Diarrhea, Acute
  20. Diarrhea, Chronic
  21. Dyschezia
  22. Dysphagia
  23. Dyspnea
  24. Dysuria
  25. Ecchymoses
  26. Edema
  27. Epistaxis
  28. Failure to Grow/Failure to Thrive
  29. Fever of Unknown Origin
  30. Flatulence
  31. Gagging
  32. Genital dermatoses - NEW!
  33. Halitosis
  34. Head Tilt
  35. Hematemesis
  36. Hematochezia
  37. Hematuria
  38. Hemoptysis
  39. Hemorrhage, Prolonged
  40. Horner’s Syndrome
  41. Hyperpigmentation (increased melanin in the epidermis) - NEW!
  42. Hyperthermia
  43. Hypopigmentation (due to melanocyte destruction, dysfunction, or abnormal distribution of melanosomes) - NEW!
  44. Hypothermia
  45. Icterus (Jaundice)
  46. Inappropriate Elimination
  47. Incontinence, Fecal
  48. Incontinence, Urinary
  49. Infertility, Female (Canine)
  50. Infertility, Male (Canine)
  51. Joint Swelling
  52. Lameness
  53. Lymphadenopathy (Lymph Node Enlargement)
  54. Melena
  55. Muscle Wasting
  56. Nasal Discharge
  57. Nystagmus
  58. Obesity
  59. Oliguria
  60. Pallor
  61. Papules and Pustules
  62. Paresis and Paralysis
  63. Petechiae and Ecchymoses
  64. Pollakiuria
  65. Polyuria and Polydipsia
  66. Pruritus
  67. Ptyalism (Excessive Salivation)
  68. Regurgitation
  69. Reverse Sneezing - NEW!
  70. Scaling and Crusting - NEW!
  71. Seizure
  72. Sneezing and Nasal Discharge
  73. Stertor and Stridor
  74. Stranguria, Dysuria, and Pollakiuria
  75. Stomatitis
  76. Stupor and Coma
  77. Syncope
  78. Tachycardia, Sinus
  79. Tenesmus and Dyschezia
  80. Tremor
  81. Urine, Discolored
  82. Urticaria/Angioedema
  83. Vision Loss, Sudden
  84. Vomiting
  85. Weakness
  86. Weight Gain
  87. Weight Loss


Section I

  1. Cardiopulmonary Disorders
  2. Arrhythmias
  3. Aspiration Pneumonia- NEW!
  4. Atrioventricular Valve Disease, Chronic (Mitral or Tricuspid Valve)
  5. Cardiomegaly
  6. Chylothorax - NEW!
  7. Congenital Heart Disease
  8. Heart Failure
  9. Heartworm Disease
  10. Hypertension
  11. Laryngeal and Pharyngeal Disease
  12. Lower Respiratory Tract Disease
  13. Mediastinal Disease
  14. Myocardial Diseases
  15. Murmurs
  16. Pericardial Effusion
  17. Pleural Effusion
  18. Pulmonary Disease
  19. Pulmonary Edema
  20. Pulmonary Thromboembolism
  21. Tachycardia, Sinus
  22. Section II

  23. Dermatologic Disorders
  24. Allergic Skin Disease
  25. Alopecia, Endocrine
  26. Erosions and Ulcerations of Skin or Mucous Membranes - NEW!
  27. Folliculitis
  28. Otitis Externa, Chronic
  29. Parasitic Dermatoses
  30. Pigmentation
  31. Pyoderma
  32. Section III

  33. Endocrinologic and Metabolic Disorders
  34. Acromegaly
  35. Adrenal Tumors
  36. Cretinism (Hypothyroidism in Puppies)
  37. Diabetes Insipidus
  38. Diabetic Ketoacidosis
  39. Diabetes Mellitus
  40. Gastrinoma (Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome)
  41. Glucagonoma
  42. Hyperadrenocorticism
  43. Hyperglycemia
  44. Hypoadrenocorticism
  45. Hypoglycemia
  46. Hyponatremia/Hyperkalemia
  47. Insulinoma
  48. Parathyroidism
  49. Pheochromocytoma
  50. Pituitary Dwarfism
  51. Thyroid Disease
  52. Section IV

  53. Gastroenterologic Disorders
  54. Chronic Constipation, Feline - NEW!
  55. Diarrhea
  56. Dental and Oral Cavity Diseases
  57. Diseases of the Tongue - NEW!
  58. Salivary Gland Disease
  59. Esophageal Disease
  60. Stomach Disorders
  61. Small Intestinal Disease
  62. Large Intestinal Disease
  63. Ileus
  64. Malabsorptive Diseases
  65. Perianal Disease
  66. Protein-Losing Enteropathy
  67. Fecal Incontinence
  68. Section V

  69. Hematologic Disorders
  70. Anemia
  71. Coagulopathies, Inherited and Acquired
  72. Leukocyte Disorders
  73. Platelet Dysfunction
  74. Splenitis/Splenomegaly
  75. Thrombocytopenia
  76. Section VI

  77. Immunologic and Immune-Mediated Disorders
  78. Autoimmune Skin Diseases
  79. Immune-Mediated Disease
  80. Immune System Components
  81. Mechanisms of Immunopathologic Injury - NEW!
  82. Organ Systems Affected by Autoimmune Disorders in the Dog and Cat -- NEW!
  83. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE)
  84. Section VII

  85. Infectious Disease
  86. Anaplasmosis, Canine - NEW!
  87. Bacterial Infections, Systemic
  88. Ehrlichiosis, Canine
  89. Influenza, Canine - NEW!
  90. Neorickettsiosis, Canine
  91. Mycoses, Systemic - NEW!
  92. Polysystemic Protozoal Diseases
  93. Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever
  94. Sepsis and Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS)
  95. Vaccines, Recommended Core vs. Non-Core - NEW!
  96. Viruses, Canine
  97. Viruses, Feline
  98. Section VIII

  99. Joint and Bone Disorders
  100. Arthritis
  101. Bone Disorders
  102. Section IX

  103. Liver and Exocrine Pancreatic Disorders
  104. Cholangitis and Cholangiohepatitis, Feline
  105. Exocrine Pancreatic Disease
  106. Gallbladder and Extrahepatic Biliary Disease
  107. Hepatic Encephalopathy
  108. Hepatic Lipidosis, Feline
  109. Hepatobiliary Disease
  110. Hepatomegaly and Microhepatica
  111. Hyperlipidemia
  112. Pancreatitis
  113. Portosystemic Shunt, Congenital
  114. Vacuolar Hepatopathy, Canine
  115. Section X

  116. Neoplasia
  117. Chemotherapeutic Agent Toxicity
  118. Corticosteroid Therapy
  119. Humoral Hypercalcemia - NEW!
  120. Histiocytic Disease
  121. Lymphoma
  122. Paraneoplastic Syndromes
  123. Sarcomas
  124. Thyroid Neoplasms
  125. Tumors
  126. Section XI

  127. Neurologic and Neuromuscular Disorders
  128. Brain Disease, Congenital or Hereditary
  129. Cognitive Dysfunction
  130. Cranial Nerve (CN) Deficits
  131. Head Tilt
  132. Inflammatory Disease of the Nervous System
  133. Intracranial Neoplasms
  134. Myasthenia Gravis
  135. Myositis and Myopathies
  136. Neurologic Examination
  137. Paroxysmal Disorders Confused with Epileptic Seizures - NEW!
  138. Peripheral Neuropathies
  139. Spinal Cord Disease
  140. Spinal Cord Lesions
  141. Systemic Disease
  142. Vestibular Disease
  143. Section XII

  144. Ocular Disorders
  145. Anisocoria - NEW!
  146. Blindness, Acute
  147. Corneal Color Changes - NEW!
  148. Eyelids and Periocular Skin - NEW!
  149. Non-healing Corneal Erosions (Ulcers) in Dogs - NEW!
  150. Ocular Manifestations of Systemic Diseases
  151. Ocular Neoplasia - NEW!
  152. Red Eye - NEW!
  153. Retinal Detachment - NEW!
  154. Uveitis - NEW!
  155. Section XIII

  156. Toxicology
  157. Chemical Toxicoses
  158. Plant Toxicoses
  159. Venomous Bites and Stings
  160. Section XIV

  161. Urogenital Disorders
  162. Differentiating between urine marking and inappropriate elimination in cats - NEW!
  163. Glomerular Disease
  164. Indications for Cytoscopy - NEW!
  165. Mammary Masses - NEW!
  166. Prostatic Disease
  167. Proteinuria in Dogs and Cats - NEW!
  168. Pyelonephritis, BacterialRenal Disease
  169. Reproductive Disorders
  170. Ureteral Diseases
  171. Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)
  172. Uroliths, Canine
  173. Vaginal Discharge
  174. Section XV

    Pain Diagnosis - NEW!

  175. Acute Pain Assessment - NEW!
  176. Acute Pain Preemptive Scoring System (examples in each category) - NEW!
  177. Chronic Pain Assessment - NEW!


  1. Acetylcholine Receptor Antibody
  2. Activated Coagulation Time (ACT)
  3. Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time (APTT)
  4. Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH), Endogenous
  5. Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH) Stimulation Test
  6. Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT, formerly SGPT)
  7. Albumin
  8. Alkaline Phosphatase, Serum (SAP or ALP)
  9. Ammonia
  10. Amylase, Serum
  11. Anion Gap
  12. Antinuclear Antibody (ANA)
  13. Arterial Blood Gases
  14. Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST, formerly SGOT)
  15. Basophil Count
  16. Bicarbonate (HCO3-)
  17. Bile Acids
  18. Bilirubin
  19. Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN)
  20. Buccal Mucosal Bleeding Time (BMBT)
  21. Calcium (Ca)
  22. Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)
  23. Chloride (Cl)
  24. Cholesterol (CH)
  25. Cholinesterase
  26. Cobalamin
  27. Complete Blood Count (CBC)
  28. Coombs’ Test
  29. Cortisol
  30. Creatine Kinase (CK, f NEW!ormerly CPK)
  31. Creatinine
  32. Cytologic Criteria of Malignancy - NEW!
  33. Cytologic Features of Discrete Cell (Round Cell) Tumors - NEW!
  34. Cytologic Features of Mesenchymal Cells - NEW!
  35. Cytologic Features of Normal Epithelial Cells - NEW!
  36. Cytology of Ear Canal Swabs - NEW!
  37. Cytology of Nasal Swabs or Flush Specimens - NEW!
  38. Dexamethasone Suppression Tests
  39. Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation (DIC), Diagnostic Tests
  40. Eosinophil Count
  41. Erythrocyte Count (Red Blood Cell [RBC] Count)
  42. Folate
  43. Fructosamine
  44. Gamma Glutamyltransferase (GGT)
  45. Globulin,p. xx
  46. Glucose
  47. Glucose Tolerance Test
  48. Glycosylated Hemoglobin
  49. Heartworm Antibody, Feline
  50. Heartworm Antigen, Canine
  51. Heartworm Antigen, Feline
  52. Hematocrit (Packed Cell Volume, PCV)
  53. Hemoglobin
  54. Hemolysis, Prevention in Laboratory Samples
  55. Immunoassays
  56. Insulin
  57. Iron-Binding Capacity (Total, TIBC)/Ferritin
  58. Joint Fluid (Arthrocentesis)
  59. Lipase
  60. Lymphocyte Count
  61. Magnesium (Mg)
  62. Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV)
  63. Methemoglobinemia
  64. Methods of Sample Collection for Cytology
  65. Monocyte Count
  66. Myoglobinuria
  67. Neutrophil Count
  68. Osmolality
  69. Packed Cell Volume
  70. Parathyroid Hormone (PTH)/Ionized Calcium
  71. Phosphorus (P)
  72. Platelet Count
  73. Polymerase Chain Reaction, p. xx - NEW!
  74. Potassium (K)
  75. Protein, Total (TP)
  76. Prothrombin Time (PT)
  77. Red Blood Cell (RBC) Count
  78. Reticulocyte Count
  79. Sodium (Na)
  80. Thoracocentesis Fluid
  81. Thrombocyte Count
  82. Thyroid Function Tests
  83. Toxoplasmosis Antibody Titer
  84. Triglycerides
  85. Trypsinogen-like Immunoreactivity (TLI)/Pancreatic Lipase Immunoreactivity (PLI)
  86. Urinalysis
  87. Urine Cortisol/Creatinine Ratio
  88. von Willebrand’s Factor
  89. White Blood Cell (WBC) Count


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