Small Differences That Matter: Labor Markets and Income Maintenance in Canada and the United States

Small Differences That Matter: Labor Markets and Income Maintenance in Canada and the United States

by David Card
     
 

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This volume, the first in a new series by the National Bureau of Economic Research that compares labor markets in different countries, examines social and labor market policies in Canada and the United States during the 1980s. It shows that subtle differences in unemployment compensation, unionization, immigration policies, and income maintenance programs have

Overview

This volume, the first in a new series by the National Bureau of Economic Research that compares labor markets in different countries, examines social and labor market policies in Canada and the United States during the 1980s. It shows that subtle differences in unemployment compensation, unionization, immigration policies, and income maintenance programs have significantly affected economic outcomes in the two countries.

For example:

-Canada's social safety net, more generous than the American one, produced markedly lower poverty rates in the 1980s.
 
-Canada saw a smaller increase in earnings inequality than the United States did, in part because of the strength of Canadian unions, which have twice the participation that U.S. unions do.

-Canada's unemployment figures were much higher than those in the United States, not because the Canadian economy failed to create jobs but because a higher percentage of nonworking time was reported as unemployment.

These disparities have become noteworthy as policy makers cite the experiences of the other country to support or oppose particular initiatives.

Editorial Reviews

Booknews
This volume, the first in a new series by the National Bureau of Economic Research that compares labor markets in different countries, examines social and labor market policy differences in Canada and the US during the 1980s. Taken together, the studies show that subtle differences in unemployment compensation, unionization, immigration policies, and income maintenance programs have resulted in less income inequality and poverty in Canada than in the US. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780226092898
Publisher:
University of Chicago Press
Publication date:
02/15/2009
Series:
National Bureau of Economic Research Comparative Labor Markets Series
Sold by:
Barnes & Noble
Format:
NOOK Book
Pages:
288
File size:
8 MB

Meet the Author

David Card is professor of economics at Princeton University. Richard B. Freeman is professor of economics at Harvard University.

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