Smart Fibres, Fabrics, and Clothing

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Overview

This important book provides a guide to the fundamentals and latest developments in smart technology for textiles and clothing. The contributors represent a distinguished international panel of experts and the book covers many aspects of cutting edge research and development.

Smart fibres, fabrics and clothing starts with a review of the background to smart technology and goes on to cover a wide range of the material science and fibre science aspects of the technology including: Electrically active polymeric materials and the applications of nonionic polymer gel and elastomers for artificial muscles; Thermally sensitive fibres and fabrics; Cross-linked polyol fibrous substrates stimuli-responsive interpenetrating polymer network hydrogel; Permeation control through stimuli-responsive polymer membranes; optical fibre sensors, hollow fibre membranes for gas separation; integrating fibre-formed components into textile structures; Wearable electronic and photonic technologies; Adaptive and responsive textile structures (ARTS); Biomedical applications including the applications of scaffolds in tissue engineering

It is essential reading for academics in textile and materials science departments, researchers, designers and engineers in the textiles and clothing product design field. Product managers and senior executives within textile and clothing manufacturing will also find the latest insights into technological developments in the field valuable and fascinating.

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Product Details

Meet the Author

Xiaoming Tao is Head and Chair Professor at Hong Kong Polytechnic University. Prof. Xiaoming Tao is Chair Professor and Head of the Institute of Textiles and Clothing. Graduating with a Beng in Textile Engineering and a first-class prize for undergraduate students from the East China Institute of Textile Science and Technology in 1982, She gained her PhD in Textile Physics from the University of New South Wales, Australia in 1987. Prof. Tao is an elected fellow of the Textile Institute International and the Hong Kong Institution of Textile and Apparel. She is a member of various professional societies including the Optical Society of America, the American Institute of Physics, the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, the Chinese Society of Textile Engineers as well as the Hong Kong Society of Materials Research and the Hong Kong Society of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics.
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Table of Contents

Smart technology for textiles and clothing – an overview and review X Tao - Introduction - Development of smart technology for textiles and clothing - Outline of the book Electrically active polymer materials: application of non-ionic polymer gel and elastomers for artificial muscles T Hirai, J Zheng, M Watanabe and H Shirai - Introduction - Polymer materials as actuators or artificial muscle - Peculiarity of polymer gel actuator - Triggers for actuating polymer gels - Electro-active polymer gels as artificial muscles - From electro-active polymer gel to electro-active elastomer with large deformation - Conclusions Heat storage and thermo-regulated textiles and clothing X Zhang - Development introduction - Basics of heat-storage materials - Manufacture of heat-storage and thermo-regulated textiles and clothing - Properties of heat-storage and thermo-regulated textiles and clothing application - Development trends Thermally sensitive materials P Bajaj - Introduction - Thermal storage and thermal insulating fibres - Thermal insulation through polymeric coatings - Design of fabric assemblies ross-linked polyol fibrous substrates as multifunctional and multi-use intelligent materials T L Vigo and D P Thibodeaux - Introduction - Fibrous intelligent materials - Experimental - Results and discussion - Conclusions Stimuli-responsive interpenetrating polymer network hydrogels composed of poly(vinyl alcohol) and poly(acrylic acid) Y M Lee and S Y Kim - Introduction - Experimental - Results and discussion - Conclusions Permeation control through stimuli-responsive polymer membrane prepared by plasma and radiation grafting techniques Y M Lee and J K Shim - Introduction - Experimental - Results and discussion - Conclusions Mechanical properties of fibre Bragg gratings X Tian and X Tao - Introduction - Fabric techniques - Mechanisms of FBG sensor fabrication - Mechanical properties - Influence of the UV irradiation on mechanical properties - Polymeric fibre - Conclusions Optical responses of FBG sensors under deformations D Yang and X Tao - IntroductionOptical methodology for FBG sensors - Optical methodology for FBG sensors - Optical responses under tension - Optical responses under torsion - Optical responses under lateral compression - Optical responses under bending - Conclusions Smart textile composites integrated with fibre optic sensors X Tao - Introduction - Optical fibres and fibre optic sensors - Principal analysis of embedded fibre Bragg grating sensors - Simultaneous measurements of strain and temperature - Measurement effectiveness - Reliability of FBGs - Error of strain measurement due to deviation of position and direction - Distributed measurement systems - Conclusions Hollow fibre membranes for gas separation P J Brown - Historical overview of membranes for gas separation - Developments of membranes for industrial gas separation - Theories of permeation processes - Phase inversion and hollow fibre membrane - Future hollow fibre membranes and industrial gas separation Embroidery and smart textiles B Selm, B Bischoff and R Seidl - Introduction - Basics of embroidery technology - Embroidery for technical applications – tailored fibre placement - Embroidery technology used for medical textiles - Embroidered stamp – gag or innovation? - Summary Adaptive and responsive textile structures (ARTS) S M Park and S Jayaraman - Introduction - Textiles in computing: the symbiotic relationship - The Georgia Tech Wearable MotherboardTM - GTWM: contributions and potential applications - Emergence of a new paradigm: harnessing the opportunity - Conclusion Wearable technology for snow clothing H Matilla - Introduction - Key issues and performance requirements - The prototype - Conclusions Bio-processing for smart textiles and clothing E Heine and H Hoecker - Introduction - Treatment of wool with enzymes - Treatment of of cotton with enzymes - Enzymatic modification of synthetic fibres - Spider silk - 'Intelligent fibres' - Conclusions Tailor-made intelligent polymers for biomedical applications A Lendlein - Introduction - Fundamental aspects of shape memory materials - Concept of biodegradable shape memory polymers - Degradable thermoplastic elastomers having shape memory properties - Degradable polymer networks having shape memory properties - Conclusion and outlook Textile scaffolds in tissue engineering S Ramakrishna - Introduction - Ideal scaffold system - Scaffold materials - Textile scaffolds - Conclusions

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