Smith's Elements of Soil Mechanics [NOOK Book]

Overview

This core undergraduate textbook for civil engineers is the first to cover the fundamental changes in the ethos of geotechnical design advocated in the now published Eurocode 7. This code will be fully adopted across Europe by 2010 and its implementation will mean a radical shift to limit state design.

Ian Smith makes understanding this new approach to geotechnical design less daunting to the student with clear explanatory text, detailed ...

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Smith's Elements of Soil Mechanics

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Overview

This core undergraduate textbook for civil engineers is the first to cover the fundamental changes in the ethos of geotechnical design advocated in the now published Eurocode 7. This code will be fully adopted across Europe by 2010 and its implementation will mean a radical shift to limit state design.

Ian Smith makes understanding this new approach to geotechnical design less daunting to the student with clear explanatory text, detailed illustrations and several worked examples, covering a range of topics including slope stability, retaining walls and shallow and deep foundations. Downloadable spreadsheets help to illustrate how the new Eurocode is applied and the book's website also gives the worked solutions to self-test questions at the end of each chapter.

Now in its 8th edition, this well-established textbook has been updated and re-designed with improved page layout and illustrations making it the essential user-friendly introduction to soil mechanics and geotechnical design to Eurocode 7.

To see the author's webpage go to: http://sbe.napier.ac.uk/esm/

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781118658338
  • Publisher: Wiley, John & Sons, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 2/13/2013
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Edition number: 8
  • Pages: 552
  • File size: 20 MB
  • Note: This product may take a few minutes to download.

Meet the Author

Ian Smith has several years’ practical experience in site investigation and geotechnical consultancy. He is Senior Lecturer in Geotechnical Engineering at Napier University, Edinburgh.

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Table of Contents


Preface     viii
Notation Index     x
Classification and Identification Properties of Soil     1
Agricultural and engineering soil     1
Engineering definitions     2
Clays     4
Soil classification     6
Common types of soil     15
Soil classification and description     16
Soil properties     23
Soil physical relations     33
Exercises     34
Soil Water, Permeability and Flow     37
Subsurface water     37
Flow of water through soils     39
Darcy's law of saturated flow     40
Coefficient of permeability (k)     40
Determination of k in the laboratory     41
Determination of k in the field     45
Approximation of k     48
General differential equation of flow     48
Potential and stream functions     50
Flow nets     52
Hydraulic gradient     52
Calculation of seepage quantifies from a flow net     54
Drawing a flow net     55
Critical hydraulic gradient, i[subscript c]     57
Seepage forces     58
Alleviation ofpiping     58
Design of filters     59
Total and effective stress     63
Capillarity     64
Earth dams     67
The problem of stratification     73
Calculation of seepage quantities in an anisotropic soil     75
Permeability of sedimentary deposits     78
Seepage through soils of different permeability     81
Refraction of flow lines at interfaces     82
Exercises     84
Shear Strength of Soils     87
Friction     87
Complex stress     88
The Mohr circle diagram     89
Cohesion     93
Coulomb's law of soil shear strength     94
Modified Coulomb's law     95
The Mohr-Coulomb yield theory     96
Determination of the shear strength parameters     97
Determination of the total stress parameters [phi subscript u] and c[subscript u]     105
Determination of the effective stress parameters [phi]' and c'     107
The pore pressure coefficients A and B     111
The triaxial extension test     116
Behaviour of soils under shear     120
Variation of the pore pressure coefficient A     124
Operative strengths of soils     125
Space diagonal and octahedral plane     127
Sensitivity of clays     132
Activity of a clay     133
Residual strength of soil     135
Exercises     138
Elements of Stress Analysis     143
Stress-strain relationships     143
The state of stress at a point within a soil mass     144
Stresses induced by the self-weight of the soil     145
Stresses induced by applied loads     146
Influence charts for vertical stress increments     151
Bulbs of pressure     152
Shear stresses     153
Contact pressure     155
Exercises     157
Stability of Slopes     159
Granular materials     159
Soils with two strength components     162
Methods of investigating slope stability     163
Total stress analysis     163
Effective stress analysis     176
Planar failure surfaces     192
Slope stability analysis to Eurocode 7     196
Exercises     200
Lateral Earth Pressure     211
Introduction     211
Active and passive earth pressure      211
Active pressure in cohesionless soils     213
Surcharges     220
The effect of cohesion on active pressure     227
Choice of method for prediction of active pressure     236
Design parameters for different soil types     237
The choice of backfill material     239
Earth pressure at rest     245
Influence of wall yield on design     246
Strutted excavations     247
Passive pressure in cohesionless soils     248
The effect of cohesion on passive pressure     251
Operative values for [phi] and c for passive pressure     253
Exercises     255
Earth Retaining Structures     257
Main types of earth retaining structures     257
Gravity walls     257
Embedded walls     260
Design of earth retaining structures     262
Design to BS 8002: 1994     262
Geotechnical design to Eurocode 7     263
Design of gravity walls     269
Design of sheet pile walls     282
Reinforced soil     297
Soil nailing     299
Exercises     300
Bearing Capacity of Soils     303
Bearing capacity terms      303
Types of foundation     303
Analytical methods for the determination of the ultimate bearing capacity of a foundation     304
Determination of the safe bearing capacity     313
The effect of groundwater on bearing capacity     314
Developments in bearing capacity equations     314
Designing spread foundations to Eurocode 7     320
Non-homogeneous soil conditions     327
In situ testing for ultimate bearing capacity     330
Pile foundations     337
Designing pile foundations to Eurocode 7     350
Pile groups     356
Exercises     358
Foundation Settlement and Soil Compression     361
Settlement of a foundation     361
Immediate settlement     362
Consolidation settlement     373
Two-dimensional stress paths     394
Exercises     401
Rate of Foundation Settlement     403
Analogy of consolidation settlement     403
Distribution of the initial excess pore pressure, u[subscript i]     403
Terzaghi's theory of consolidation     404
Average degree of consolidation     408
Drainage path length     409
Determination of the coefficient of consolidation, c[subscript v], from the consolidation test     410
Determination of the permeability coefficient from the consolidation test     412
Determination of the consolidation coefficient from the triaxial test     412
The model law of consolidation     414
Consolidation during construction     416
Consolidation by drainage in two and three dimensions     419
Numerical determination of consolidation rates     420
Construction pore pressures in an earth dam     426
Numerical solutions for two- and three-dimensional consolidation     428
Sand drains     431
Exercises     437
Compaction and Soil Mechanics Aspects of Highway Design     439
Laboratory compaction of soils     439
Main types of compaction plant     447
Moisture content value for in situ compaction     449
Specification of the field compacted density     450
In situ tests carried out during earthwork construction     452
Highway design     455
Exercises     470
Unsaturated Soils     473
Unsaturated soils     473
Measurement of soil suction     475
Soil structure changes with water content      477
Stress states in unsaturated soils     479
Critical State Theory     483
Critical state theory     483
Symbols     483
Critical state     484
Isotropic consolidation     485
Stress paths in three-dimensional stress space     487
The critical state line     489
Representation of triaxial tests in p'-q-v space     492
The Roscoe surface     495
The overall state boundary     493
Equation of the Hvorslev surface     499
Residual and critical strength states     501
Site Investigation and Ground Improvement     503
Desk study     503
Site reconnaissance     504
Ground investigation     505
Site investigation reports     513
Ground improvement     516
Environmental geotechnics     520
References     521
Index     531
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