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Smoking and Politics: Bureaucracy Centered Policymaking / Edition 6

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Overview

This brief, supplemental text is intended for introductory courses in American government, or intermediate level courses on public policy, public administration, and administrative law. This new 6th edition is a now part of the Paul S. Herrnson (Editor) series Real Politics in America. Recognizing the centrality and complexity of modern bureaucracy public policy making, Smoking and Politics helps the reader understand why under our system of government tobacco is a legal and thriving industry despite the harms caused by using its products.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

“I drew on Smoking and Politics in writing my doctoral dissertation 35 years ago. Now in a thoroughly updated sixth edition, this remarkably successful book dissects a critical public health issue where legislative, regulatory, judicial, and interest group politics intersect. Fritschler and Rudder cut through political pressures and intergovernmental jockeying with clarity and insight, giving particular attention to the often-underestimated role of executive and independent agencies in policy making. “

David Price, Member of Congress, 4th District, North Carolina

“Fritschler and Rudder have done a superb job of weaving together the complexities involved in addressing the number one controllable cause of death in world. They show that good intentions must be supplemented by deep knowledge of political institutions and strategic savvy. This brief volume will be valuable to anyone who wants to understand how policy actually is made.”

David A. Kessler, M.D., former Commissioner, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Dean, University of California San Francisco, School of Medicine

“A must read for any student of government, Fritschler and Rudder's new edition of Smoking and Politics: Bureaucracy Centered Policy Making utilizes the tobacco wars as a format to point out the importance of the bureaucracy to solve critical problems and to provide an alternative law making forum. By utilizing the tobacco wars as the central theme, they make the subject interesting and readable. The book points out the full panoply of bureaucratic processes including regulation, litigation, rule making, researching, and plain old politicking. Fritschler and Rudder have produced an excellent text for students and non-students alike."

Judith P. Wilkenfeld, Vice President, International Department, Campaign for Tobacco Free Kids

“Smoking and Politics” has become an American public policy classic, and a case study that is a must read for any scholar or student interested in how public policy is really made in our national government. This 6th edition of the book updates and provides new perspectives on the dynamic interaction of politicians, business interests, and the nation’s professional bureaucracy.”

Charles F. Bonser, Founding Dean and Professor, School of Public and Environmental Affairs, Indiana University

“Hooray for Fritschler and Rudder!! This policy making classic keeps getting better--it is an invaluable analysis of the way stalwart bureaucrats and regulators can provide crucial political leadership in this many splendored yet many splintered constitutional system.”

Thomas E. Cronin, McHugh Professor of American Institutions and Leadership, Colorado College , author of Government by the People (21st edition, 2005).

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780131791046
  • Publisher: Pearson
  • Publication date: 6/27/2006
  • Series: Real Politics in America Series
  • Edition description: REV
  • Edition number: 6
  • Pages: 160
  • Sales rank: 667,878
  • Product dimensions: 5.80 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Table of Contents

CONTENTS

Preface

Chapter 1. Introduction to Policymaking in the Bureaucracy
The Surprising Reach of Administrative Policymaking

Smoking and Health: How an Issue Mutates over Time

Diluted Response to the Impact of Smoking: Why?

Bureaucracy Centered Policymaking

Notes

Chapter 2. The Grip of Tobacco Interests on Policymaking
The Prohibition Era: A Short-Lived, State-Level Phenomenon

Science Uncovers a Larger Health Hazard

Congress Rebuffs Health Proponents

Birth of a Powerful, Seemingly Invincible Lobby

The Tobacco Policy Subsystem

The Transformation of Tobacco Politics: The Collapse of a Policy Monopoly

Beyond the Subsystem: Tobacco Interests and Their Allies

The Schizophrenia of Business toward Government Regulation

Notes

Chapter 3. Smoking and Health Move to the Public Agenda: The Surgeon General Reports and the FTC Acts

Regulation on the Basis of False Advertising

Where Do Issues Come From? Where Do They Go? Why?

A Challenge to the Old Subsystem

A Bureaucracy Divided: The Government Does Not Speak with One Voice

An Advisory Committee Sets a New Policy Direction in Motion

Support for a Health Warning: Serendipity and Allies

Advisory Committees as Legitimizing Agents: The Importance of Neutral Expertise

Impact of the Advisory Committee's Report: Staging and Content

Bureaucrats and Members of Congress: A System of Mutual Dependencies

Notes

Chapter 4. The Legal Basis of Bureaucracy Centered Policymaking

Congressional Delegation of Authority

Regulatory Authority Delegated to the FTC

The Supreme Court on Delegation

Change in Emphasis at the FTC

Notes

Chapter 5. Effective Enforcement and Strategies to Combat It: Procedures Used in Administrative Policymaking

Adjudication and Rule Making at the Federal Trade Commission

The FTC's Experience with Cigarette Regulation

The FTC Adopts Rule-Making Procedures

The Rule-Making Hearings

Cigarette Hearings at the FTC

Witnesses

Industry Strategy: Challenge the Authority, Not the Merits

The Commissioners Respond

The FTC's Defense of Its Action

Promulgation of Rules

Expanding Delegation and Diminishing Accountability

Tobacco Interests Object to the Rule

Notes

Chapter 6. Congressional Power and Agency Policymaking

Congressional Oversight

The Federal Trade Commission's Oversight Struggle

No Victory for Health

Strategy for Success

The Health Lobby

The Congressional Hearings

The Cigarette Industry Testifies

The FTC Rescinds Its Rule

Notes

Chapter 7. The Bureaucracy, Congress, and the President: Balancing Acts

The FCC Enters the Fray

The FCC Intensifies the Battle

Fitful Progress: The Efforts of a Persistent FTC

Keeping the Pressure On: The Politics of Information

The Surgeon General: Information, Not Regulation

The Industry Fights Back: Politics Turns Information on Its Head

The Role of the President

Big Tobacco under Siege: Multiple Venues

Notes

Chapter 8. The Courts Move into the Spotlight

A New Era in Tobacco Litigation

New Private Litigation: The Castano Case

The Whistle-Blowers

The First Settlement: Liggett & Myers Breaks Ranks

Pressure Mounts for Global Settlement

Developments in Wake of the MSA

Notes

Chapter 9. Policy Entrepreneurship in the Bureaucracy and Beyond

Getting the President on Board

Kessler Presses On

Combined Impact of 1998 Master Settlement Agreement and Kessler

The Interaction of Markets and Politics

Bureaucrats' Network: The Health Community Goes International

Notes

Chapter 10. Bureaucracy Centered Policymaking in a Democracy

Bureaucrats Have Too Much Power

External Checks on Bureaucratic Autonomy

Administrative Procedure Act: Legislative and Judicial Authority of Agencies

Administrative Law Judges

Written Records

Advisory Committees

Accessibility

The Policymaking Role of Bureaucracies Reconsidered

Notes

Index

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