Smuggler Nation: How Illicit Trade Made America

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Overview

America is a smuggler nation. Our long history of illicit imports has ranged from West Indies molasses and Dutch gunpowder in the 18th century, to British industrial technologies and African slaves in the 19th century, to French condoms and Canadian booze in the early 20th century, to Mexican workers and Colombian cocaine in the modern era. Contraband capitalism, it turns out, has been an integral part of American capitalism.

Providing a sweeping narrative history from colonial ...

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Overview

America is a smuggler nation. Our long history of illicit imports has ranged from West Indies molasses and Dutch gunpowder in the 18th century, to British industrial technologies and African slaves in the 19th century, to French condoms and Canadian booze in the early 20th century, to Mexican workers and Colombian cocaine in the modern era. Contraband capitalism, it turns out, has been an integral part of American capitalism.

Providing a sweeping narrative history from colonial times to the present, Smuggler Nation is the first book to retell the story of America—and of its engagement with its neighbors and the rest of the world—as a series of highly contentious battles over clandestine commerce. As Peter Andreas demonstrates in this provocative and fascinating account, smuggling has played a pivotal and too often overlooked role in America's birth, westward expansion, and economic development, while anti-smuggling campaigns have dramatically enhanced the federal government's policing powers. The great irony, Andreas tells us, is that a country that was born and grew up through smuggling is today the world's leading anti-smuggling crusader.

In tracing America's long and often tortuous relationship with the murky underworld of smuggling, Andreas provides a much-needed antidote to today's hyperbolic depictions of out-of-control borders and growing global crime threats. Urgent calls by politicians and pundits to regain control of the nation's borders suffer from a severe case of historical amnesia, nostalgically implying that they were ever actually under control. This is pure mythology, says Andreas. For better and for worse, America's borders have always been highly porous.

Far from being a new and unprecedented danger to America, the illicit underside of globalization is actually an old American tradition. As Andreas shows, it goes back not just decades but centuries. And its impact has been decidedly double-edged, not only subverting U.S. laws but also helping to fuel America's evolution from a remote British colony to the world's pre-eminent superpower.

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Editorial Reviews

Publishers Weekly
In this captivating new history, Brown University political science professor Andreas documents smuggling in America from the colonial “golden age of illicit trade” through the Industrial Revolution and on into the current “war on drugs.” Over the years, sundry contraband has ranged from ammunition and people to jewelry and drugs, and all have had an enormous impact on the American economy and culture: Dutch gunpowder proved a crucial import during the Revolutionary War; the 19th century saw countless Africans brought over as slaves, and women were kidnapped and sold to brothels; in the early 1900s, wealthy individuals snuck jewels through customs to avoid paying tariffs; today, South American cocaine producers rely on suspiciously large-scale imports of American chemicals to create the valuable narcotic, “most of which... end up in the noses of American consumers.” Throughout the riveting text, Andreas also discusses the sociopolitical climates that gave rise to these storms of illicit commerce. Far from romanticizing or condoning illegal trade, Andreas convincingly argues that the flow of illicit goods has defined and shaped the nation, both in terms of who and what goes in and out, and how society reacts with regulatory policies. A valuable and entertaining read for historians and policymakers 43 b&w halftones. Agent: Rafe Sagalyn, the Rafe Sagalyn Agency. (Feb.)
From the Publisher
"In Smuggler Nation, Peter Andreas recounts the well-worn story of American independence less as a lofty quest for freedom per se than as a struggle for freedom from onerous trade restrictions. He points out that many of the important freedoms protected by the Constitution, though they owed their intellectual pedigree to Locke and Montesquieu, had their origin in the travails of colonial smugglers trying to get molasses or gunpowder or Madeira past British customs agents." —Eric Felten, The Wall Street Journal

"Deftly explains how the battle lines of the American War of Independence were drawn largely because of people's varied and often self-serving relationships to smuggling...Smuggling is here to stay, and how we cope with this most American of practices will define our destiny in the years to come."—Cam Martin, The Daily Beast

"In this captivating new history, Brown University political science professor Andreas documents smuggling in America from the colonial 'golden age of illicit trade' through the Industrial Revolution and on into the current 'war on drugs'... Throughout the riveting text, Andreas also discusses the sociopolitical climates that gave rise to these storms of illicit commerce. Far from romanticizing or condoning illegal trade, Andreas convincingly argues that the flow of illicit goods has defined and shaped the nation, both in terms of who and what goes in and out, and how society reacts with regulatory policies. A valuable and entertaining read for historians and policymakers."—Publishers Weekly

"From filching British industrial secrets to bucking slave trade bans to 'Blood Cotton' to illicit smut to bootleggers, dope peddlers and human traffickers, Andreas' research is deep, wide and well-articulated, demonstrating how American traders have always undermined commercial restraints to supply a forbidden-fruit-happy populace.... Smuggler Nation is a terrific contribution to both American history and a more general outlay of our national character." —Providence Journal

"In this well-researched history, the author examines illegal commerce in the United States from its earliest days into the modern era...An illuminating look at the historical impact of America's illicit economy." —Kirkus Reviews

"In this terrific book, Peter Andreas shows that illicit trade is as American as apple pie."
—Darrell West, Vice President and Director of Governance Studies, The Brookings Institution

"Smuggler Nation is a tour de force. Porous borders and the efforts to seal them are not new to the 21st century—Andreas convincingly shows they have defined the American experience."—James Goldgeier, Dean, School of International Service, American University

"Through his extensive historical research, Andreas shows us that illicit trade in America is not an aberration but has in fact shaped the modern economy in fundamental ways. An extraordinary re-narrating of familiar episodes that makes visible America's hidden connections with underworlds and parallel worlds."—Saskia Sassen, author of Territory, Authority, Rights

"Americans have long projected national power through open, free, and legal markets. Andreas, one of the world's leading scholars of the dark side of globalization, presents us with a fascinating account of the role of illicit trade in the making of the American nation itself. This iconoclastic and timely book is an engaging and accessible primer for anyone seeking to understand the illicit dimensions of the global economy."
—Louis W. Pauly, Professor and Chair, Political Science, University of Toronto

"An extraordinary retelling of the American epic. Peter Andreas shows us how smuggling shaped politics, economics and culture from colonial times to the present day. Meticulously researched and elegantly written, Smuggler Nation is an important contribution to the literature on American political development. Fascinating, powerful, persuasive, unexpected, lively, deep, and highly recommended."—James A. Morone, author of Hellfire Nation and coauthor of The Heart of Power

Kirkus Reviews
Andreas (Political Science/Brown Univ.; Blue Helmets and Black Markets: The Business of Survival in the Siege of Sarajevo, 2008, etc.) explores American history and its relationship with smuggling and illegal trade and "how these illicit flows--and the campaigns to police them--defined and shaped the nation." In this well-researched history, the author examines illegal commerce in the United States from its earliest days into the modern era. In colonial times, citizens strenuously and at times violently resisted attempts to curb widespread illegal trade of such products as molasses and wine, and even landmark events such as the Boston Tea Party were influenced by smuggling issues. Andreas shows how American history has been profoundly affected by the subtle (and sometimes, as in the case of Prohibition, not-so-subtle) effects of illegal trade and by government attempts to control it. The author is most engaging when he focuses on key events, such as when Gen. Andrew Jackson recruited smuggler and pirate Jean Laffite to help defend New Orleans during the War of 1812. The section on complexities of the slave trade is especially eye-opening. The final third of the book, focusing in large part on drug smuggling and America's long-running drug war, is skillfully presented and contextualized: "[F]ar from deterring the drug trade," writes the author, "American-led supply suppression campaigns ended up mostly dispersing and rerouting it." Though Andreas' prose is occasionally a bit on the academic side, he makes a strong case that America is not only a smuggler nation, but also "an ever-expanding police nation." An illuminating look at the historical impact of America's illicit economy.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780199746880
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • Publication date: 2/14/2013
  • Pages: 472
  • Sales rank: 1,400,833
  • Product dimensions: 9.20 (w) x 6.10 (h) x 1.50 (d)

Meet the Author

Peter Andreas is a professor in the Department of Political Science and the Watson Institute for International Studies at Brown University. He was previously an Academy Scholar at Harvard University, a Research Fellow at the Brookings Institution, and an SSRC-MacArthur Foundation Fellow on International Peace and Security. Andreas has written numerous books, published widely in scholarly journals and policy magazines, presented Congressional testimony, written op-eds for major newspapers, and provided frequent media commentary.

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Table of Contents

Preface
Introduction: A Nation of Smugglers

PART I. The Colonial Era
1. The Golden Age of Illicit Trade
2. The Smuggling Road to Revolution
3. The Smuggling War of Independence

PART II. The Early Republic
4. Contraband and Embargo Busting in the New Nation
5. Traitorous Traders and Patriot Pirates
6. The Illicit Industrial Revolution

PART III. Westward Expansion, Slavery, and the Civil War
7. Bootleggers and Fur Traders in Indian Country
8. Illicit Slavers and the Perpetuation of the Slave Trade
9. Blood Cotton and Blockade-Runners

PART IV. The Gilded Age and the Progressive Era
10. Tariff Evaders and Enforcers
11. Sex, Smugglers, and Purity Crusaders
12. Coming to America Through the Backdoor
13. Rumrunners and Prohibitionists

PART V. Into the Modern Age
14. America's Century-long Drug War
15. Border Wars and the Underside of Economic Integration
16. America and Illicit Globalization in the 21st Century

Epilogue
Notes
Index

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  • Anonymous

    Posted July 28, 2013

    Fascinating

    Fascinating

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    Posted July 2, 2013

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