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The rate of social change today—as well as the geographic reach of its effects—is unprecedented in human history. People throughout the world are experiencing both more (and more intense) intergroup unity and more and (more intense) intergroup conflict. The activities of millions of individuals are now routinely coordinated to achieve specific, predetermined goals in government, the private sector, and in international relations. At the same time, such a high degree of control also carries the ever-present danger that things can become out of control in new and dangerous ways or fall under the control of the wrong people. Social and Cultural Change is about these momentous and relatively recent changes in the human condition. The book brings the concepts and principles of social science to bear in an examination of (1) the major causes and conditions underlying our current situation; and (2) the main choices and options we face as we strive to shape our collective futures. The book consists of fifteen chapters, divided into five parts. The parts are ordered cumulatively, with the earlier chapters focusing on concepts and principles and the later ones applying these in specific contexts.
Part 1 Part I: The Study of Change Chapter 2 The Social Scientific Perspective Chapter 3 Social and Cultural Evolution Part 4 Part II: The Components of Change Chapter 5 Population Growth and Demographic Transition Chapter 6 The Heritage and Dynamics of Culture Chapter 7 Social Structures, Systems, and Processes Part 8 Part III: The Engines of Change Chapter 9 From Gemeinschaft to Gessellschaft: The Urbanization of the Human Population Chapter 9 Social Movements: Concepts and Principles Chapter 10 Movements and Revolutions in Context Chapter 11 The Process of Technological Innovation Part 12 Part IV: Change at the Macro Level Chapter 14 A World Divided Chapter 15 The Market, Capitalism, and Socialism Chapter 16 Representative Government and the Modern Nation-State Part 17 Part V: Planned Change: Making Tomorrow's Society Chapter 18 The Paradoxes of Development Chapter 19 Development Planning and Applied Sociology Chapter 20 The Political Economy of Globalization