Social and Personal Ethics / Edition 8

Social and Personal Ethics / Edition 8

by William H. Shaw
     
 

Social and Personal Ethics combines well-established classics with new, previously unreleased essays by modern philosophers. This carefully edited new edition contains the intellectual foundation needed to help readers evaluate moral issues from a personal and societal standpoint. Part I provides the background for analyzing moral arguments. An essay on the prevailing… See more details below

Overview

Social and Personal Ethics combines well-established classics with new, previously unreleased essays by modern philosophers. This carefully edited new edition contains the intellectual foundation needed to help readers evaluate moral issues from a personal and societal standpoint. Part I provides the background for analyzing moral arguments. An essay on the prevailing schools of thought in ethics, as well as writings from the major historical traditions, and essays by three contemporary writers, provide a thorough, up-to-date introduction to ethical theory. Readers will benefit from this introduction as they begin to evaluate the book's many essays in applied ethics. By addressing several modern moral controversies - such as gun control, date rape, and harassment on campus - this book gives readers the opportunity to test their assumptions about important social and personal issues. This book covers traditional moral problems, too, including abortion, affirmative action, and capital punishment. New to the Second Edition: Seven new essays, including Celia Wolf-Devine on abortion; Helen Longino and Ellen Willis on pornography; Robert N. Van Wyk on world hunger; Nicholas Dixon and Daniel D. Polsby on gun control; and the editors of the Harvard Law Review on juvenile curfews and gang violence.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781133934738
Publisher:
Cengage Learning
Publication date:
01/01/2013
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
480
Sales rank:
430,081
Product dimensions:
7.90(w) x 9.90(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents

1An Introduction to Ethics
The Nature of Morality2
Normative Theories of Ethics15
2Classical Theories
Happiness, Function, and Virtue36
Good Will, Duty, and the Categorical Imperative43
Utilitarianism51
3Three Contemporary Ethical Perspectives
What Would a Satisfactory Moral Theory Be Like?59
On What We Aim At and How We Live66
Feminist Ethics: Some Issues for the Nineties76
4Suicide and Euthanasia
The Morality and Rationality of Suicide88
The Wrongfulness of Euthanasia98
Active and Passive Euthanasia102
Active and Passive Euthanasia: An Impertinent Distinction?107
More Impertinent Distinctions and a Defense of Active Euthanasia111
5Abortion
An Almost Absolute Value in History122
The Abortion Issue127
Why Abortion Is Immoral137
A Defense of Abortion146
Abortion and the 'Feminine Voice'157
6Animals and Environmental Ethics
The Place of Nonhumans in Environmental Issues168
Do Animals Have Rights?175
Should Trees Have Standing? Toward Legal Rights for Natural Objects182
People or Penguins188
The Search for an Environmental Ethic193
7Happiness, Self-Realization, and Self-Respect
A Crisis in My Mental History206
Self-Realization211
Self-Respect Reconsidered219
Two Conceptions of Happiness225
8Liberty, Paternalism, and Freedom of Expression
On Liberty232
Paternalism241
The Ethics of Smoking251
A Drug-Free America - or a Free America?264
If He Hollers Let Him Go: Regulating Racist Speech on Campus271
Texas v. Johnson281
9Surrogacy, Parenthood, and Family Obligations
Is There Anything Wrong with Surrogate Motherhood? An Ethical Analysis287
Paid Surrogacy: Arguments and Responses296
Is Women's Labor a Commodity?303
What Do Grown Children Owe Their Parents?314
Filial Morality319
10Sexuality
Pornography, Oppression, and Freedom327
Feminism, Moralism, and Pornography334
Date Rape: A Feminist Analysis339
Date Rape: Another Perspective349
Why Homosexuality Is Abnormal354
Gay Basics: Some Questions, Facts, and Values362
11Affirmative Action
One Way to Understand and Defend Programs of Preferential Treatment373
Affirmative Action: The Price of Preference381
A Case for Race-Consciousness387
City of Richmond v. Croson400
12Crime and Punishment
Why We Should Ban Handguns in the United States405
The False Promise of Gun Control412
Juvenile Curfews and Gang Violence: Exiled on Main Street419
Execution426
The Ultimate Punishment: A Defense433
Justice, Civilization, and the Death Penalty440
13Economic Justice
Rich and Poor452
World Hunger and the Extent of Our Positive Duties460
Property and Global Justice468
Is Inheritance Justified?477
Ethical Issues in Plant Relocation487
14Concluding Essay
Can Higher Education Foster Higher Morals?494
For Further Reading504

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