Social Citizenship and Workfare in the United States and Western Europe: The Paradox of Inclusion / Edition 1

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Comparing welfare policies in the U.S. and Western Europe aimed at the "workless" population, this study notes that the European labor policies of welfare services offer the best method of bringing the socially excluded back into mainstream society. Despite differences in ideology and practice, Joel Handler argues that there are also significant similarities between the U.S. and the Europeans, especially in field-level practices that serve to exclude the most vulnerable. The author examines strategies for reform and concludes with an argument for a basic income guarantee.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"Handler provides a powerful critique of the trend from welfare to workfare." Comparative Labor Law and Policy Journal
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780521541534
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • Publication date: 4/28/2004
  • Series: Cambridge Studies in Law and Society Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 315
  • Product dimensions: 5.98 (w) x 8.98 (h) x 0.83 (d)

Meet the Author

Joel F. Handler is Richard C. Maxwell Professor of Law and Professor of Policy Studies at the University of California, Los Angeles.

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Table of Contents

1 Introduction 1
2 The US welfare reform : "ending welfare as we know it" 20
The "undeserving poor" 20
"Ending welfare as we know it" 25
The "work first" strategy 28
The low-wage labor market 30
Work experience of welfare recipients 34
Attitudes of welfare recipients 41
Decline in the welfare rolls and poverty 44
The future 55
Recommendations to make welfare reform really work 61
Social citizenship in the United States 76
Some lessons from the US experience that might be applicable to Western Europe 78
3 The European welfare states 87
Social citizenship in the Golden Age 88
The challenge of unemployment 95
The impact on labor 99
Vulnerable groups : the socially excluded 111
Poverty 121
Right, center, and left : questioning the welfare state 126
The "third way" : from status to contract 132
4 Workfare in Western Europe 142
The United Kingdom 145
Ireland 155
Sweden 156
Norway 161
Denmark 164
The Netherlands 169
France 180
Germany 189
Risks for the socially excluded 199
5 Social Europe : alternatives? solutions? conclusions? 209
Social Europe : convergence vs. path-dependent; negative vs. positive integration 212
Reform at the national level 233
Those who remain 245
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