Compares workfare policies in the United States and Western Europe aimed at the 'workless' population.
Table of Contents
Acknowledgements; 1. Introduction; 2. The American Welfare Reform: 'Ending welfare as we know it': The 'undeserving poor'; 'Ending welfare as we know it'; The 'work first' strategy; The low-wage labor market; The work experience of welfare recipients; The attitudes of welfare recipients; The decline in the welfare rolls and poverty; The future; Recommendations to make welfare really work; Social citizenship in the US; Some lessons from the American experience that might be applicable to Western Europe; 3. The European welfare states: social citizenship in the golden age; The challenge of unemployment; The impact on labor; Vulnerable groups: the socially excluded; Poverty; Right, center and left - questioning the welfare state; The 'third way': from status to contract; 4. Workfare in western Europe: the United Kingdom; Ireland; Sweden; Norway; Denmark; The Netherlands; France; Germany; Risks for the socially excluded; 5. Social Europe: alternatives? Conclusions? Solutions?; Part A. Social Europe: convergence vs. path-dependent; Negative vs. positive integration; Part B. Reform at the national level; Part C. Those who remain.
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