Social Cognitive Psychology: History and Current Domains / Edition 1by David F. Barone, James E. Maddux, C. R. Snyder
Pub. Date: 06/30/1997
Publisher: Springer US
A pragmatic social cognitive psychology covers a lot of territory, mostly in personality and social psychology but also in clinical, counseling, and school psychologies. It spans a topic construed as an experimental study of mechanisms by its natural science wing and as a study of cultural interactions by its social science wing. To learn about it, one should visit laboratories, field study settings, and clinics, and one should read widely. If one adds the fourth dimen sion, time, one should visit the archives too. To survey such a diverse field, it is common to offer an edited book with a resulting loss in integration. This book is coauthored by a social personality psychologist with historical interests (DFB: Parts I, II, and IV) in collaboration with two social clinical psychologists (CRS and JEM: Parts III and V). We frequently cross-reference between chapters to aid integration without duplication. To achieve the kind of diversity our subject matter represents, we build each chapter anew to reflect the emphasis of its content area. Some chapters are more historical, some more theoretical, some more empirical, and some more applied. All the chapters reflect the following positions.
Table of ContentsI. Historical Foundations.- 1 The Conception of a Pragmatic Social Cognitive Psychology.- Linking Science to Practice.- Early Social Cognitive Psychology: Dewey, Baldwin, and Mead.- New Traditions Emerge.- 2 The Social Gestalt and Social Learning Traditions.- Extending Perceptual Gestalt Psychology to Social Living.- Learning: From Animal Lab to Home and Clinic.- 3 The Constructivist Tradition.- Kelly’s Personal Constructs.- Constructing Symbolic Versions of Reality.- Constructing Lives.- 4 The Information-Processing Tradition.- Artificial and Pragmatic Intelligence.- The Intelligent Interlocutor’s Tool Kit.- Reflexivity, Metacognition, and Bounded Self-Understanding.- Conclusion.- II. Knowing Others.- 5 Evolving Models of the Social Knower.- The Naive Scientist.- The Cognitive Miser.- The Motivated Tactician.- 6 Multiple Knowing Processes.- Automatic and Controlled Processing.- Adding Noncognitive to Cognitive Knowing.- 7 Stereotyping and Prejudice.- Applying the New Model.- Automatic Caricatures.- Overcoming Stereotypes: Toward Individual Portraits.- III. Self Processes.- 8 Negotiating Realities to Know Oneself.- Self Theory as an Inherently Social Transaction.- The Good-and-in-Control Prototype.- The Negative Self Theory.- The Interaction of Self Theory and Self-Knowledge.- “Knowing” Oneself as a Social Control.- 9 Goals in Personality, Emotion, and Subjective Well-Being.- Goals and Self-Regulation.- Types of Goals.- Goals as Cognitive Motivators.- Goals and Personality.- Goals and Emotion.- Goals and Subjective Well-Being.- 10 Self-Regulation: The Pursuit of Goals.- Components of Self-Regulation.- Control Theory: The Mechanistic Side of Human Self-Regulation.- Goal Theory and Self-Efficacy Theory: The Human Side of Self-Regulation.- New Developments in Self-Regulation.- IV. Interpersonal Processes.- 11 Communication-Based Social Judgments and Relationship-Based Self Schemas.- Communication and Conversations.- Working Models of Self with Others.- 12 Close Relationships.- Psychology’s Long Courtship with Love.- Relational Constructs and Methodologies.- Relationship-Forming Processes.- Romantic Relationships.- Relationship-Maintaining Processes.- Becoming Relational Experts.- V. The Clinical Context.- 13 Social Clinical Psychology.- A History of Social Clinical Psychology.- Social Clinical Psychology Today.- 14 The Social Cognitive Construction of Difference and Disorder.- Clinical Myths and Sequelae.- Defining Normality and Abnormality.- Categorical Thinking.- Errors and Biases in Clinical Judgment.- Conclusion.
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