Social Control in Slave Plantation Societies: A Comparison of St. Domingue and Cuba / Edition 1

Social Control in Slave Plantation Societies: A Comparison of St. Domingue and Cuba / Edition 1

by Gwendolyn Midlo Hall, Gwendolyn M. Hall
     
 

ISBN-10: 0807120839

ISBN-13: 9780807120835

Pub. Date: 06/28/1996

Publisher: Louisiana State University Press

First published in 1971, Gwendolyn Midlo Hall's comparison of two developing sugar plantation systems — St. Domingue's (Haiti) in the eighteenth century and Cuba's in the nineteenth century — changed the focus in comparative slavery studies. Hall establishes that slavery and race relations in any given time and place were determined by strategic needs,

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Overview

First published in 1971, Gwendolyn Midlo Hall's comparison of two developing sugar plantation systems — St. Domingue's (Haiti) in the eighteenth century and Cuba's in the nineteenth century — changed the focus in comparative slavery studies. Hall establishes that slavery and race relations in any given time and place were determined by strategic needs, the raison d'etre of the colony, evolving economic and demographic factors, and above all, by the need to preserve social order in colonies where the slave population was large, active, competent, resourceful, and independent minded. She delineates a pattern of racism rising and entrenching itself as a matter of public policy, as a means of bolstering the exploitative system, a pattern that recurred throughout the hemisphere.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780807120835
Publisher:
Louisiana State University Press
Publication date:
06/28/1996
Series:
Studies in Historical & Political Science Series
Edition description:
Louisiana Paperback Edition
Pages:
184
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.42(d)

Table of Contents

Preface
Symbols
IMethods and Overview1
IIThe Problem of the Survival of the Slave Population13
Mortality and Overwork16
Suicide among Slaves20
Growing Concern about Survival of the Slave Population23
Institutionalization of the Illegal African Slave Trade28
IIIMagic, Witchcraft, and Religion32
European Belief in Witchcraft37
Efforts to Convert the Slaves Deteriorate40
Abandonment of Religious Education of Estate Slaves in Nineteenth-Century Cuba42
Religious Education and Social Stability50
IVBlack Resistance and White Repression52
Slave Revolts in the Spanish Caribbean52
The Conspiracy of the Ladder57
Systematic Resistance in St. Domingue62
Theft and the Market66
Murder68
Poison: Real or Imaginary?71
Herbalism in Africa73
Attempts to Control the Slaves74
Enforcement of Security Measures78
VProtective Aspects of Slave Law81
The French System84
Spanish Slave Law before the Bourbon Reforms89
The Street Slaves90
Marriage and the Family92
The Bourbon Reform Period96
Spanish Slave Codes of the Reform Period102
The Myth of Protective Spanish Slave Law105
Slave Law of Nineteenth-Century Cuba108
The Impact of Corruption in Public Office110
VIEmancipation and the Status of the Free113
The Predominance of Military Considerations during the Pre-plantation Period114
Policy toward Emancipation and the Needs of Plantation Agriculture119
The Evolution of French Policy toward Emancipation122
The Evolution of Spanish Policy toward Emancipation124
The Impact of the Haitian Revolution upon Racial Policies in Nineteenth-Century Cuba125
Growing Hostility toward the Free-Colored Population in Nineteenth-Century Cuba127
The Emancipados132
VIIRacism as an Instrument of Social and Political Domination136
Origin of the Colored Elite of St. Domingue139
Social Conflict between the Colored and White Elite of St. Domingue144
Manipulation of Racial Conflict in the Face of the Independence Threat147
Epilogue152
Bibliography155
Index161

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