Social Justice: The Moral Foundations of Public Health and Health Policy

Social Justice: The Moral Foundations of Public Health and Health Policy

by Madison Powers
     
 

ISBN-10: 0195375130

ISBN-13: 9780195375138

Pub. Date: 09/25/2008

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

In bioethics, discussions of justice have tended to focus on questions of fairness in access to health care: is there a right to medical treatment, and how should priorities be set when medical resources are scarce. But health care is only one of many factors that determine the extent to which people live healthy lives, and fairness is not the only

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Overview

In bioethics, discussions of justice have tended to focus on questions of fairness in access to health care: is there a right to medical treatment, and how should priorities be set when medical resources are scarce. But health care is only one of many factors that determine the extent to which people live healthy lives, and fairness is not the only consideration in determining whether a health policy is just. In this pathbreaking book, senior bioethicists Powers and Faden confront foundational issues about health and justice.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780195375138
Publisher:
Oxford University Press, USA
Publication date:
09/25/2008
Series:
Issues in Biomedical Ethics Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
248
Sales rank:
717,654
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.70(d)

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: The Job of Justice
1.1 Which Inequalities Matter Most
1.2 Justice and Well-Being
1.3 Justice, Sufficiency, and Systematic Disadvantage
1.4 Foundations of Public Health
1.5 Medical Care and Insurance Markets
1.6 Setting Priorities
1.7 Justice, Democracy, and Social Values
Chapter 2
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Essential Dimensions of Well-Being
2.3 A Moderate Essentialism
2.4 Well-Being and Nonideal Theory
2.5 The Main Alternatives
2.6 Capabilities, Functioning, and Well-Being
2.7 Relativism, Moral Imperialism, and Political Neutrality
2.8 Justice and Basic Human Rights
Chapter 3: Justice, Sufficiency, and Systematic Disadvantage
3.1 Varieties of Egalitarianism
3.2 The Leveling-Down Objection
3.3 The Strict Egalitarian's Pluralist Defense
3.4 Is the Appeal to Equality Unavoidable
3.5 A Sufficiency of Well-Being Approach
3.6 Toward a Unified Theory of Social Determinants and Well-Being
3.7 Densely Woven, Systematic Patterns of Disadvantage
3.8 Conclusion
Chapter 4: Social Justice and Public Health
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Moral Justification for Public Health
4.3 Public Health, the Negative Point of Justice, and Systematic Disadvantage
4.4 Public Health, the Positive Point of Justice, and Health Inequalities
Chapter 5: Medical Care and Insurance Markets
5.1 The Moral Foundations of Markets
5.2 Sources of Market Failure
5.3 Responses to Market Failure: Some Examples from the U.S. Experience
5.4 Making Matters Worse: Employer-Based Insurance in the United States
5.5 Private Markets and Public Safety Nets
Chapter 6: Setting Priorities
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Mimicking Markets
6.3 Cost-Effectiveness and Cost-Utility Alternatives
6.4 Systematic Disadvantage
6.5 The Relevance of Childhood, Old Age, and Human Development
6.6 Beyond Separate Spheres of Justice
6.7 Trade-Offs within Health
6.8 Conclusion
Chapter 7: Justice, Democracy, and Social Values
7.1 Lost on the Oregon Trail
7.2 From Substantive Justice
7.3 Mimicking Majorities: Moralizing Preferences and Empiricizing Equity
7.4 Theory, After All?
7.5 DALYs, Deliberation, and Empirical Ethics
Chapter 8: Facts and Theory
References
Author Index
Subject Index

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